[Marxism] On This Day in Iraq, 1958

Brian Shannon Brian_Shannon at verizon.net
Thu Jul 15 09:47:16 MDT 2004


[A BBC summary of the coup that brought a nationalist, pro-socialist 
regime to power in Iraq. It was later overthrown in 1963 by the CIA in 
alliance with the Baathist party, later dominated by close U.S. ally 
Saddam Hussein.]

FROM THE LAST PARAGRAPH IN THE LEAD ARTICLE
Officials in Washington fear the Iraqi coup will mean the end of the 
Baghdad Pact whose members include Turkey, Persia and Pakistan. It was 
intended to stem the influence of the Soviet Union in the region.

FROM THE SIDEBAR
The following day 1,700 Marines of the US Sixth Fleet arrived in 
Lebanon and two days later 2,000 British paratroopers were flown into 
Amman after reports that Syrian troops were massing on the border with 
Jordan.

Tensions rose further when the Soviet Union, which backed Colonel 
Nasser, announced major manoeuvres close to the Persian and Turkish 
borders.

On 19 July, barely a week after the coup, President Nasser signed a 
defence pact between the UAR and the new Iraqi regime.

The UAR collapsed in 1961 when Syria withdrew from it after a military 
coup, but Egypt kept the name until 1971.

The Baghdad Pact was renamed CENTO (Central Treaty Organisation) in 
1959 after Iraq pulled out and Ankara in Turkey became its 
headquarters.

Iran, Turkey, and Pakistan withdrew in 1979 because they felt the US 
and UK were more interested in the pact as an anti-Soviet alliance than 
as a way of improving the economy of the region.

Iraq's coup leader and prime minister, Abdul Karim el Qasim, was ousted 
and killed in 1963 in a coup led by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party.


IN FULL AT
http://makeashorterlink.com/?P4DB56FC8





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