[Marxism] Who's Getting the New Jobs?

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Fri Jul 23 12:00:43 MDT 2004


NY Times, July 23, 2004
OP-ED COLUMNIST
Who's Getting the New Jobs?
By BOB HERBERT

A startling new study shows that all of the growth in the employed 
population in the United States over the past few years can be 
attributed to recently arrived immigrants.

The study found that from the beginning of 2001 through the first four 
months of 2004, the number of new immigrants who found work in the U.S. 
was 2.06 million, while the number of native-born and longer-term 
immigrant workers declined by more than 1.3 million.

The study, from the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern 
University in Boston, is further confirmation that despite the recovery 
from the recession of 2001, American families are still struggling with 
serious issues of joblessness and underemployment.

The study does not mean that native-born workers and long-term 
immigrants are not finding jobs. The American workplace is a vast, 
dynamic, highly competitive arena, with endless ebbs and flows of 
employment. But as the study tallied the gains and losses since the end 
of 2000, it found that new immigrants acquired as many jobs as the other 
two groups lost, and then some.

Andrew Sum, the director of the center and lead author of the study, 
said he hoped his findings would spark a long-needed analysis of 
employment and immigration policies in the U.S. But he warned against 
using the statistics for immigrant-bashing.

"We need a serious, honest debate about where we are today with regard 
to labor markets," said Professor Sum, whose work has frequently cited 
the important contributions immigrants have made. The starkness of the 
study's findings, he said, is an indication that right now "there is 
something wrong."

The study found that the new immigrants entering the labor force were 
mostly male and "quite young," with more than one-fourth under the age 
of 25, and 70 percent under 35.

"Hispanics formed the dominant group of new immigrants," the study said, 
"with migrants from Mexico and Central America playing key roles. 
Slightly under 56 percent of the new immigrant workers were Hispanic, 
nearly another one-fifth were Asian, 18 percent were white, 
not-Hispanic, and 5 percent were black."

Those most affected by the influx of new immigrant workers are young, 
less well-educated American workers and so-called established 
immigrants, those who have been in the U.S. for a number of years.

full: http://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/23/opinion/23herb.html

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