[Marxism] Re: MR on China
minnows at connexus.net.au
Mon Jul 26 01:35:09 MDT 2004
I'm looking forward to reading the article, I've finally subscribed to
MR so that I can read all their articles!.
The Democratic Socialist Party in Australia grappled with the issues
raised by China's transformation a few years ago, and two documents came
out of that. First, "China: is capitalist restoration inevitable?
<http://www.dsp.org.au/links/back/issue11/11_Cheng.htm>" by Eva Cheng -
available online at http://www.dsp.org.au/links/back/issue11/11_Cheng.htm
Second, the party voted on "Theses on the class nature of the People’s
Republic of China" which were in Links magazine #12 (1999) and have just
been published as a pamphlet, but as far as I can tell are not yet
available online (sorry).
From the Eva Cheng article:
"To gauge the strategic options facing China today, a crucial question
to answer is whether the socialist property relations established since
1949 have been damaged beyond repair.
"The cp seized power in 1949 and took predominant control of the key
means of production by the mid-1950s. Under the pretext of countering
capitalist forces both within the cp and the broader society, the Mao
Zedong leadership refused to institute democratic functioning at any
level—in national or local elections, within the party, or within the
production unit. Instead, it consolidated the party leadership’s tight
grip on state power which enabled its members to extract a privileged
existence from the socialist property system. Its crazy idealist project
of the 1958–60 Great Leap Forward contributed directly to the famine in
which 20 million people were estimated to have died, (7) while its
continuing purges since the late 1950s led to widespread demoralisation
and a serious weakening of the socialist consciousness of workers
(including those in rural production).
"However, the socialist property relations won since 1949 remained. In
fact, in order to continue thriving on it, the cp had been driven to
help preserve it. Therefore, the central task for socialists in China
had been to work towards a /political /revolution to get rid of this
parasitic layer so that the state power would be in the hands of those
to whom it rightfully belongs—the working class majority. The objective
then was not to achieve a social revolution where the property relations
needed to be rebuilt.
"But since 1978, the drive towards capitalism has gone so far that this
earlier conclusion needs to be reviewed."
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