[Marxism] Iran undergoes 'silent coup d'etat'
cbrown at michiganlegal.org
Tue Mar 2 08:32:43 MST 2004
Iran undergoes 'silent coup d'etat'
by Nima Kamran <http://www.pww.org/article/author/view/589>
People's Weekly World Newspaper, 02/26/04 11:33
In the wake of the wholesale disqualification of 2,500 pro-reform
candidates, the Feb. 20 parliamentary elections in Iran yielded predictable
results: conservative forces gained the control of the Majlis, or national
The barring of the pro-reform candidates by Iran's ultra-conservative and
unelected Guardian Council, which took place in January, effectively cleared
the way for the creation of a hand-picked parliament more closely aligned
with the country's reactionary rulers.
As of the vote tally on Feb. 22, of the 198 candidates who had won
parliamentary seats, 133 were conservative and 65 were reformist or
independent. Only one woman was elected. The outgoing legislature included
Behzad Nabavy, the deputy speaker of the parliament, characterized the
election as a "silent coup d'etat," while by contrast the reactionary
Supreme Religious Leader Ayatollah Khamenei hailed the election a victory,
claiming it was "completely free and fair."
In most big cities the turnout was low, particularly among youth. In Tehran,
the capital and the political heart of the country, less than 30 percent of
the electorate cast their vote. Many voters turned in blank ballots in
protest. All progressive and democratic forces, including the Tudeh Party,
had called for a boycott of the election, calling it a sham.
A day before the election, two of the main pro-reform newspapers were gagged
and closed. There were also reports of electoral fraud committed by
right-wing elements, especially in villages and remote areas.
Earlier this month the Tudeh Party said a right-wing offensive was underway,
the purpose of which was "to depose (President Mohammad) Khatami's
government or force it into complete and unconditional cooperation." The
statement called on Khatami to oppose the "illegal" election. Khatami,
however, remained consistent in upholding the principle of the absolute rule
of the supreme religious leader and did not denounce the elections.
The regaining of the control of parliament is likely to be followed by the
retaking of the executive power and presidency by the right-wing forces.
The election was a defining moment for the country's reform process,
signaling the end of a period that started with Khatami's election in 1997.
It exposes the failure of the misguided strategy of attempting to reform a
despotic regime while retaining its key undemocratic structures.
During the last six years the governing pro-reform forces have consciously
discouraged mass, popular involvement in the reform struggle, relying
instead on striking deals with the ultra-conservatives behind the scenes.
This has left Khatami's government and pro-reform elements relatively
isolated and vulnerable to attack from the right.
Many people see the election results as the inevitable outcome of the
failure of the government to deliver on its promise of true reform, and the
continuing dire economic straits facing Iran's working people. Popular
dissatisfaction with the government's track record, combined with the last
month's disqualification of the majority of the reformist candidates by the
Guardian Council, were key factors behind the recent sit-in protest by
members of parliament.
The boycotting of the election by the main pro-reform parties such as
Mosharekat and Mojahedin Engelab Eslami (the majority parties in the
outgoing parliament), in direct defiance of the supreme religious leader, is
a significant event. It shows that sections of the reformists have
recognized the futility of their strategy and tactics, i.e., appeasement of
the ruling reactionaries headed by Khamenei.
The transformation of an authoritarian Islamic regime without fundamentally
overhauling its value systems and laws of operation has proven to be a
delusion. Without the direct support and mobilization of broad social forces
it is impossible to confront a dictatorial regime.
The pro-reform forces have suffered a massive setback, which will
undoubtedly be followed by further repression by the reactionaries. However,
with the ending of one historical stage, which started with Khatami's
election, a new phase in the struggle for democracy begins.
Undoubtedly the popular movement against dictatorship has learned a lot from
this experience and it will build on the immense unpopularity of the
clerical regime. The process of ending the rule of theocracy in Iran has
Nima Kamran is a correspondent from the Tudeh Party of Iran and can be
reached at pww at pww.org.
More information about the Marxism