[Marxism] The view from Bambili: Hungary, Holocaust, Israel, Corruption
andromeda246 at hetnet.nl
Wed May 19 17:01:06 MDT 2004
It is our responsibility to remember and to say in a loud, clear voice and
in a comprehensible manner that the tragedy that took place in 1944 and 1945
was the result of the complicity, envy, cowardice, sinfulness and evil will
of thousands of people. We cannot base our study of the lessons of the past
on a refusal to remember and on new lies. We must therefore tell what
happened in this country 60 years ago. We must tell future generations that,
six decades ago, Hungarian citizens persecuted, humiliated and murdered
other Hungarian citizens because of an evil and groundless ideology. This
must be done so that words of a certain nature will never again be able to
lead to the slamming of freight car doors. An integral part of the
foundation of our national memory must be the perception of the Holocaust as
a Hungarian tragedy. The victims, who constituted approximately 10 percent
of the total population - that is, well over half-a-million Jews and
Gypsies - were murdered as Hungarian citizens. Every third victim in the
largest death camp was deported from Hungary by the Hungarian authorities,
in compliance with the explicit instructions of the Hungarian government,
which collaborated with the Nazis. Although there are no graves in
Auschwitz-Birkenau, that is the largest Hungarian cemetery in history.
The author (Balint Magyar) is the Hungarian minister of education. This
article first appeared in Hungary's largest-circulation daily, Nepszabadsag.
He would be happy to receive reactions from readers: magyar.balint at om.hu
Israel's public and business ethics are on a downhill path
By Moti Bassok
"The level of public and business ethics in Israel, as emerging from
international and local indices and surveys, is on the decline. The public
is pessimistic and thinks this will intensify in the future," reads a
position paper put together by Senat, a non-profit organization that
publishes weekly working documents on public issues on the Israeli agenda.
Senat, which is sponsored by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation of
Germany, distributes its publications to MKs, directors-general of
government ministries and the heads of the major economic and non-profit
organizations in the country.
Senat's latest position paper was compiled by attorney Yasmin Keshet,
former director of the Movement for Quality Government in Israel's legal
department. The paper was based on two parameters.
The first is the "perceived corruption index," which has been
published annually since 1995 and compares the level of corruption in 133
countries. This index places Israel in 21st spot on the list, with a grade
of 7 out of 10 - in 20 countries the level of corruption is lower than in
Israel is ranked alongside another eight countries whose situations
deteriorated in 2003 against 2002. The index shows that the level of public
and business ethics in Israel declined in 2003 for the second consecutive
The latest index includes the Palestinian Authority for the first
time. The PA was ranked 78th, with a grade of 3, together with Iraq and
Lebanon. The index refers to corruptions levels as perceived in each country
by business executives, academics and analysts, and focuses on corruption in
the public sector.
The second parameter is the "global corruption index," which is
compiled by the Gallup Institute. This index assesses the degree of
influence the corruption in a particular country has on the life of its
The survey for this index was conducted among 19,448 men and 21,390
women in 47 countries. The Israeli respondents number 501.
This index shows that corruption has a very significant effect on life
in Israel, particularly political life: Some 72 percent of the Israeli
respondents said that corruption has great influence on political life in
the country, while another 20 percent answered that corruption influences
politics in Israel to a certain degree.
Of the 501 Israeli respondents, 19 percent said corruption in the
country would get a lot worse over the next three years; 40 percent said it
would somewhat worsen; and 23 percent said it would remain at its current
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