[Marxism] UNITE! Info #234en: L.R.: US plan for terrorism in EU countries

Rolf Martens rolf.martens at comhem.se
Thu Apr 14 15:30:44 MDT 2005

UNITE! Info #234en: L.R.: US plan for terrorism in EU countries
[Posted: 14.04.2005]

The "UNITE! (etc) Info" posting series (1995-) advocates
the political line of Marx, Lenin and Mao Zedong.
For all items, see www.rolf-martens.com.

The article reproduced below touches on a relatively little-
known, but noteworthy, subject. For now, I shall not comment
on it otherwise than to refer readers to my earlier Infos
#154en, "A 'strange accident' in France", of 12.09.2001,
#173en, "Kick the USA out of the UN!", of 28.06.2002, and also
#208en (21.09.2003), #209en (30.09.2003), #210en (03.01.2004),
#213en (31.03.2004) and #218en (08.07.2004), "The murder of
Anna Lindh (1) - (6)".


From: 		"democrite" <democrite at neuf.fr>
To:  		<"Undisclosed-Recipient:;
Subject: 	U.S. Plan to Arrange Terrorist Attacks
		in EU Countries Revealed
Date: 		Wed, 13 Apr 2005 10:26:53 +0200

Subject: Fw: U.S. Plan to Arrange Terrorist Attacks in EU
Countries Revealed

Sent: Saturday, February 12, 2005 8:19 PM

Subject: U.S. Plan to Arrange Terrorist Attacks in EU
Countries Revealed


The Pentagon's 'NATO Option'

by Lila Rajiva

Washington is shocked by Seymour Hershs scoop about the Penta-
gons Salvador Option, an ambitious plan to deploy secret spe-
cial forces in friendly and unfriendly countries to spy, tar-
get terrorists and their sympathizers, and conduct hits, all
without Congressional oversight. Its model is the American
counter-insurgency program in Salvador in the 1980s which fun-
ded nationalist death squads to hunt down insurgents. Whats
new today is that the program would be run by the Pentagon,
not the CIA, and it would be much broader in scope. According
to Hersh, the Pentagon's gremlins are already at work in Iran
prepping targets for possible US or Israeli strikes against
Iranian nuclear facilities.

But Washingtons shock is misplaced. Theres nothing new about
the Salvador Option. At the end of last month, Frank Cass in
London released a new book by Dr. Daniele Ganser of the Center
for Security Studies at the Federal Institute of Technology,
Zurich called, NATOs Secret Armies. Operation Gladio and Ter-
rorism in Western Europe, which offers plenty of evidence that
there was also a Salvador Option in post-war Europe. It turns
out that during the Cold War, European governments and secret
services conspired with a NATO-backed operation to engineer
attacks in their own countries in order to manipulate the po-
pulation to reject socialism and communism.

It was called the strategy of tension and it was carried out
by members of secret stay-behind armies organized by NATO and
funded by the CIA in Italy, Portugal, Germany, Spain, and
other European countries. The strategy apparently involved
supplying right-wing terrorists with explosives to carry out
terrorist acts which were then blamed on left-wing groups to
keep them out of power.

Only three countries, Italy, Belgium, and Switzerland, have
had a parliamentary investigation into NATOs role and a public
report. The US and UK, the two nations most centrally invol-
ved, are refusing to disclose details, so crucial pieces of
the story are missing. Still, Gansers book offers some dis-
turbing insights into a hidden aspect of the Cold War.

It all began during WWII when British Prime Minister, Winston
Churchill, ordered a secret army to be created to fight com-
munism. Allen Dulles, the first chief of the CIA, worked out
the original plan, and British MI6 and special forces teamed
up with the CIA to train stay-behind armies in Western Europe
to counter a possible Soviet invasion. It was all very James
Bond - only grim - with forged passports, dead letter boxes,
and parachute jumps over the channel, according to some of the

It turns out that what Washington meant by counter-terrorism,
might often have been, well, terrorism.

Heres the money part from one of the field manuals (FM 30-

"...when the revolutionaries temporarily renounce the use of
force, US army intelligence must have the means of launching
special operations which will convince Host Country Govern-
ments and public opinion of the reality of the insurgent

Thats to say, if there wasn’t any terrorism to speak of, the
secret armies were prepared to get some going.

According to Ganser, the secret army was behind waves of at-
tacks in Italy in the 1970s. In Spain, it worked with Franco
and may have supported over a 1000 attacks. In Germany, it had
standing plans to murder leaders of the Social Democrat party
in case of a Soviet invasion. It carried out terrorist ac-
tions against President de Gaulle and the Algerian peace plan
in France. It seems to have been involved in the assassina-
tion of Amilcar Cabral and Eduardo Mondlane, prominent leaders
in African liberation in the Portugese colonies. It was invol-
ved in the coup against Greek Prime Minister Papandreou and
fomented terrorism against the Kurds in Turkey. In the Nether-
lands, Luxemborg, Denmark, and Norway, however, the secret
networks dont seem to have been linked with terror.

The secret armies were first outed in August 1990 when then
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti confirmed the exis-
tence of Gladio, Latin for sword, a super secret group squir-
reled away in the military secret service, that had been mani-
pulating the public with terrorist acts that it blamed on the
Italian left.

NATOs reaction to Andreottis revelation was first denial, then
stone-walling, and finally a closed-doors admission to the am-
bassadors of the European countries. Since then, although a
former CIA director William Colby has confirmed the creation
of the stay-behind command centers and networks, NATO itself
has withheld details. Asked about Gladio in Italy in 1990,
former CIA director Stanford Turner angrily ripped off his
microphone and shouted: "I said, no questions about Gladio!"

Today, with the Pentagons Salvador Option on the table, its
time to revisit this hidden history of European counter-ter-
rorism. While the Washington press corps seems convinced that
the main problem with the "Salvador Option" is that the Penta-
gon is taking over whats always been the CIAs turf, the story
of NATOs stay-behind armies suggests that whether the CIA or
Pentagon runs it, the new program will be a very ugly busi-

As one of Gladios operatives said, "You had to attack civi-
lians, the people, women, children, innocent people, unknown
people far removed from any political game. The reason was
quite simple. They were supposed to force these people, the
Italian public, to turn to the state to ask for greater secu-

Despite repeated requests from researchers, the CIA, like MI6,
refuses to release its files on the subject. Before the go-
vernment begins the new Salvador Option, though, isn't it time
for the world to learn about the very first one?



Posted by:
Rolf Martens
Malmö, Sweden
Phone and fax:
+46 - 40 - 124832
rolf.martens at comhem.se

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