[Marxism] RE: Is the Bolivarian Revolution A Marxist Revolution?
lnp3 at panix.com
Fri Aug 26 10:57:05 MDT 2005
>Walter is fond of citing this article from 1960. I encourage everyone
>to read it.
>When the article says "the main danger to the Cuban Revolution is
>in its own leadership," the key word is "in." The article is a model
>of critical but nonsectarian analysis and advice. It cites, and
>praises, many measures Castro took AFTER he realized that the
>dangerous elements "in" the leadership were stalling, misleading, etc.
>At the time the article was written it was not clear how far he would
>go -- yet the article does NOT call for the construction of an
>alternative leadership or party, but simply asks how far he will go
>and suggests possible steps.
The main problem with the SWP was in its characterization of the July 26th
Movement as a "blunt instrument". The assumption was always that Fidel, Che
et al were very committed revolutionary nationalists who decided to break
with capitalism only after the local bourgeoisie and US imperialism blocked
their initiatives to create some kind of radical democracy. In other words,
if they had been left alone, then Cuba might have looked more like Mexico
in the 1930s.
This is a function of the narrow-mindedness of the SWP leaders who simply
lacked the means or the curiosity to learn more about the roots of Cuba
Marxism. You can find out about Che Guevara's Marxism by reading Anderson's
>>In Guatemala City Che became acquainted with Hilda Gadea, a heavy-set
Peruvian woman with plain features whom he would eventually wed. Although
Che was blessed with an Adonis-like beauty, he did not necessarily seek
physical attractiveness in the opposite sex. What drew him to Hilda was her
sophisticated Marxist outlook and strong personality, both of which made
her a compañera and not just a romantic interest.
Hilda was an exiled leader of the youth wing of Peru's APRA party working
in Arbenz's government. The APRA's leftwing nationalism bore similarities
to Peron's "Justicialist" movement. His only disagreement with her revolved
around the character of the APRA party which he regarded as middle-class
and reformist. However, she was also strongly influenced by the Marxism of
José Carlos Mariátegui, the founder of Peru's non-Stalinist Communist
Party. Unfortunately, Anderson has few comments on their conversations
about Mariátegui except that they took place. For scholars of Mariátegui
and Latin American Marxism, the encounter between Hilda and Che serve as a
key link with the Cuban revolution, which viewed the Peruvian communist as
one of their own.<<
With respect to Fidel Castro's Marxism, suffice it to say that his brother
was a member of the Cuban CP, but a heterodox member. It is highly likely
that they discussed theory from a young age. Finally, it is even more
likely that Castro did not take a cash course in Marxism just before his
famous speech about Marxism-Leninism after the Bay of Pigs. People simply
don't turn on a dime in this fashion.
Bourgeois commentators like to make a big deal out of Castro keeping his
Marxism a secret. There is actually something to that. Why spout formulas
about the need to build Soviets unless you are a sectarian.
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