[Marxism] FWD: NY Times on Affirmative Action in Ivies....

Mark Lause MLause at cinci.rr.com
Tue Mar 1 13:13:45 MST 2005

My sense has always been that the "success" of affirmative action
policies was almost entirely statistical rather than social.  Within
larger universities, its application tended to be ghettoized the
application of affirmative action to either the least desirable or the
most visible positions.  What this article implies is that the liberals
in the Ivies who formulated the applications of this this solution to
racial imbalance within their fields did so in such a way as largely to
exempt themselves. 


--- --- --- --- ---

Little Advance Is Seen in Ivies' Hiring of Minorities and Women

Published: March 1, 2005

Minorities and women have made little progress in breaking into the
faculty ranks of the Ivy League, according to a new report.

In 2003, Ivy League campuses hired 433 new professors into tenure-track
jobs, but only 14 were black and 8 were Hispanic. Women received 150 of
the jobs.
The figures, culled from a federal database by a graduate student group
at Yale University, shows the slow progress these highly visible
universities, including Harvard, Yale and Princeton, are making in
diversifying their faculties. 

"The tenure-track faculty jobs are where all the change is supposed to
be taking place," said Rose K. Murphy, a senior research analyst at the
Graduate Employees and Students Organization at Yale, a group of
graduate teaching assistants seeking union recognition there, and a
co-author of the study. "But most of the new positions are still going
to white men."

Lawrence H. Summers, Harvard's president, has drawn intense criticism
for suggesting recently that women might not have the innate ability to
become high-powered scientists and for not granting tenure to more

But the new study shows that Harvard has abundant company among the
>From 1993 to 2003, the percentage of tenured black professors on the Ivy
faculties remained essentially flat at 2 percent. The only Ivy campus
where black professors accounted for more than 3 percent of the tenured
faculty in 2003 was Brown, which had 17 black professors with tenure, or
4 percent of its tenured faculty. 

There was also little change in the tenure-track positions, the
entry-level jobs that give professors a chance to earn permanent
positions. In 2003, black professors had no more than 4 percent of the
tenure-track positions at any Ivy university, and at Brown there were

"We don't do enough as an academic culture to recruit and nurture young
students of color," said Robin D. G. Kelley, an anthropology professor
at Columbia University who is black. "I could probably invite all of the
African-American faculty in the humanities at major universities across
the nation to a party, and they would fit in my house. And it is not
that big; I live in a New York City apartment."

Hispanic professors accounted for 1 percent of tenured professors in the
Ivies in both 1993 and 2003, a period in which tenured positions grew by
9 percent, to nearly 6,000 jobs. In 2003, they held 3 percent of 3,560
Ivy League tenure-track jobs, up from 2 percent of 3,230 such jobs in

Women showed more progress at the senior levels. They represented 20
percent of all tenured Ivy faculty in 2003, up from 14 percent in 1993.
But their share of the tenure-track jobs edged up slightly over the
decade, to 34 percent from 31 percent.

The report, "The (Un)Changing Face of the Ivy League," was based on data
from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System at the United
States Department of Education. The Graduate Employees and Students
Organization at Yale, which compiled the study with help from graduate
students at Columbia and the University of Pennsylvania, said it planned
to post its findings on its Web site, www.geso.org, today, and deliver
its findings to the Ivy League presidents. 

Ronald G. Ehrenberg, a professor of industrial and labor relations and
economics at Cornell University who studies academic labor markets, said
that the problems in recruiting women were different from those for
minority professors. Professor Ehrenberg said that studies had found
that eligible women often backed away from research universities because
of the difficulties they saw in combining high-powered professional jobs
and family. Some may also perceive discrimination, he said.

"That is not just an issue for academia," he added. "It's an issue all
The problem in hiring members of minorities, Professor Ehrenberg said,
is that the pool of candidates "just isn't that large." He said that
under-represented minorities earned only 6.5 percent of all Ph.D.'s
granted from 1989 to 1993, and that the percentages in the arts and
sciences and engineering were even lower. More than 40 percent of the
doctorates earned by blacks were in education. 
Officials of the eight Ivy campuses respond that they have been trying
to diversify. Columbia, for example, recently appointed a vice provost
for diversity initiatives.

The University of Pennsylvania has set up special finances to help in
the hiring and retention of women and minorities. About three years ago,
it began to make special efforts to bring more women to the senior
faculty, which is paying off. 
Penn was the only Ivy in 2003 that hired more women than men into
tenured positions: it hired six women with tenure and five men. Across
all the Ivies, women accounted for 25 percent of 117 tenured hirings
that year. 
"We realized that if we're bringing in men at the senior level, we had
to bring in more women at the senior level," said Janice R. Bellace,
associate provost at Penn.

Brown University, as part of an initiative to hire 100 new faculty
members, has designated 20 positions for expedited hiring, with the hope
that many would be filled by minorities, a university spokesman said. 

The study also noted the sharp rise in faculty jobs that were not on the
tenure track at all: to 7,792 slots in 2003 from 4,266 slots in 1993.
The 83 percent increase far outstripped the growth in other faculty
jobs. Such jobs represented less than a third of the Ivy faculty in 1993
but climbed to 45 percent by 2003.
The nontenure-track jobs, which carry titles like lecturer, instructor
or researcher, generally pay less and provide fewer benefits, if any.
They are usually short-term, and involve heavier teaching loads, the
report said, even though they often require a doctorate. Blacks and
women hold higher proportions of these jobs than of the tenure-track

The data did not specify where these nontenure-track jobs were. But on
some campuses, like Columbia, some of the growth has been in research
jobs at medical centers. Other campuses have increased the number of
lecturers in academic departments, a move that some criticize as
cost-cutting at the expense of education. 

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