[Marxism] Aljazeera: "Brazil summit policies at odds with US"

Fred Feldman ffeldman at bellatlantic.net
Wed May 11 20:04:25 MDT 2005

Brazil summit policies at odds with US
Wednesday 11 May 2005 5:21 PM GMT 

The summit's declaration denounced US sanctions on Syria  

South American and Arab leaders at their first regional summit have
endorsed a declaration condemning the Israeli occupation of Palestinian
territory and calling for trade liberalisation to lift the planet's poor
out of misery.

Banding together in an event aimed at dampening the dominance of
developed countries, they ended the two-day Summit of South
American-Arab Countries by staking out positions that are at odds with
US policy on several fronts. 


Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez and American-backed Iraqi President Jalal
Talabani joined dozens of other nations in approving a Declaration of
Brasilia condemning terrorism, denouncing US sanctions against Syria and
supporting moves to give developing countries more clout on the
international stage. 


The summit brought 9000 troops to the Brazilian capital in the tightest
security in years. Tanks were posted outside the convention centre,
where 15 heads of state and top officials from 34 South American, Middle
Eastern and North African nations met. 


Pushing a goal he has pursued since becoming the country's first elected
leftist leader, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio da Silva urged
participants to fight for free-trade rules that help the developing
world's masses instead of rich countries and multinational corporations.


Palestinian crisis


Arab states, under pressure from Washington to reform authoritarian
governments, chose to focus on the Palestinian crisis. 


Palestinian President Mahmoud 
Abbas met with Brazil's Silva
The declaration calls for tighter political and economic links between
the regions but demands that Israel disband settlements and retreat to
its borders before the 1967 Mideast war. 


The summit lost lustre with the absence of the strongest voices in the
Arab world, such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria. 


Argentine President Nestor Kirchner jetted out on Tuesday night in a
move interpreted as a snub of Silva. Argentina and Brazil, the
continent's two largest economies, historically have jockeyed to be
South America's leading power, and Kirchner reportedly is upset with
Silva's insistence that Brazil should be given a permanent seat on the
UN Security Council.


Leaders from Qatar and Chile, along with high-level delegations from
Saudi Arabia and Jordan, also left before the closing ceremony. 


In all, seven of 22 Arab heads of state attended, while eight of the 12
South American leaders came to Brasilia. The United States requested to
attend as an observer, but Brazil refused. 




The document denounces terrorism but asserts the right of people "to
resist foreign occupation in accordance with the principles of
international legality and in compliance with international humanitarian


Seven of 22 Arab heads of state 
attended the conference
The clause - a clear reference to the Palestinian group Hamas and
Lebanon's Hizb Allah, groups condemned by the US and Israel - drew
criticism from Jewish groups. 


On Iraq, it stresses respect for the "unity, sovereignty and
independence of Iraq and of not interfering in its internal affairs."


Iraqi President Jalal Talabani told summit leaders he wanted their help
to fight terrorism, which he described as "an international curse".


"For every one American killed, 300 innocent Iraqis are killed," he


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