[Marxism] Chinese President Meets Taiwanese Opposition Leader
lnp3 at panix.com
Fri May 13 11:02:12 MDT 2005
>EIGHTEEN years ago. That's quite a long time, in my book.
Green Left Weekly July 14, 2004
NEPAL: Beijing pledges to help suppress Maoist rebels
By Eva Cheng
Following a mid-June visit to Beijing, Nepals chief of army staff General
Pyar Jung Thapa revealed to state radio and television that China would
step up security cooperation with Nepal. This will improve Katmandus
ability to militarily counter the anti-monarchy insurgency that was started
Leading that offensive is the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The CPN(M)
describes its armed struggle as a peoples war that has extended to most
parts of Nepal.
While in Beijing for a week, Thapa held talks with top military officials
such as Chinas defence minister General Cao Gangchuan, and General Liang
Guanglie, chief of staff of the Peoples Liberation Army. Neither side has
revealed the extent of Chinas military assistance to Nepal.
However, on June 16, the official Xinhua News Agency reported: [General]
Liang spoke highly of the bilateral ties between China and Nepal and their
relations between the two armed forces also witnessed continuous
Xinhua added: The Nepalese people thanked China for its support in time of
need and hoped to increase cooperation with China in the fight against
terrorism and other fields.
To decode, the Nepalese people here refers to Katmandus ruling regime,
with its highly interventionist monarchy, and terrorism includes any
activities that threaten or undermine this ruling oligarchy. Top of
Katmandus list of threats in recent years is the rising military challenge
of the Nepalese Maoists.
In a March 25 statement, the CPN(M) chairperson Prachanda explained the
goals of his partys struggle by stating, The old state wants to confine
the sovereign right of the people in the hands of the feudal king and
emperors, just as in the medieval age, whereas our Party wants to establish
the fundamental right of the people practically.
Nepals ruling class came mainly from northern India, and brought with it a
highly oppressive caste system. The bulk of the Nepali Maoists followers
are from the lower castes.
The CPN(M)s guerrilla offensive in mountainous Nepal shows every sign of
enjoying mass support. Its successful weapons raids have shown access to
superior intelligence about troops movements, and have put it in a strong
position against the poorly equipped royal army.
In its March 25 statement, the CPN(M) reiterated its willingness to accept
United Nation mediation to end the civil war, which has spread to at least
50 of Nepals 75 districts. A 2004 globalsecurity.org study reported that
the Nepalese Maoists control seven such districts and have significant
presence in 17 others.
In May 2002, Nepalese prime minister Sher Bahadur Deuba launched a campaign
to solicit military help overseas. Apart from India, a traditional source
of assistance, Katmandu has also received some assistance from the US
(US$20 million in the 2002 financial year plus military training), and
Britain. Belgium has also been selling Nepal weaponry.
Beijing has been providing Nepal with economic aid since 1956, totalling
US$1.5 billion as at July 2002. However, Chinas military assistance to
Nepal is rarely publicised. The last known major military transaction
between the two countries took place in 1988, under which Nepal imported
anti-aircraft guns and other weapons from China. India, which has a
dominating 1950 peace and friendship treaty with Nepal and a 1962 border
war with China, took offence at this. It punished its tiny land-locked
neighbour in 1989 with a trade and transit blockade, lasting 15 months.
Beijing is acutely aware of Nepals strategic importance to its western
frontier. The tiny Himalayan country of around 23 million people is
sandwiched between Chinese Tibet and India. It is the main conduit through
which hundreds of thousands of Tibetans fled to India and has become the
home of an estimated 30,000 Tibetans in exile.
Nepals further evolution into a haven for Tibetans will greatly help the
Nepalese struggle for independence. It will also weaken Nepals role as a
buffer zone for China from India. Delhis increasing military co-operation
with George Bushs US regime after 9/11 has increased Beijings sense of
Despite its Maoist identification, the CPN(M) has not won Beijings
blessing. By the time the CPN(M) was formed, Beijing had led China some way
into a pro-capitalist transformation in which revolutionary solidarity has
Even earlier, Beijings foreign policy had hardly been driven by
solidarity. In the early 1970s, for example, the privileged bureaucracy
that had already come to dominate government in Beijing put its desire to
appease Washington ahead of the need to support progressive struggles.
After the Yahya Khan dictatorships early 1971 mass slaughter of the
Bengalese in what was then east Pakistan, Chinese leader Zhou Enlai
extended unreserved support to Khan. Zhou even called the struggle of the
75 million Bengalese, the quest of a handful of individuals.
In March 1971, the ruling Sri Lanka Freedom Party also launched a bloody
repression of a fast developing mass youth organisation, the Peoples
Liberation Front (JVP), that was then mobilising young people against the
bourgeois parties betrayals. Thousands of JVP supporters were killed. Zhou
soon wrote to the SLFP, congratulating it for having brought under control
the chaotic situation created by a handful of persons who style themselves
as Guevarist and into whose ranks foreign spies have sneaked
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