[Marxism] Re: end-game

Sudhir Devadas sudhirdin at gmail.com
Mon Nov 7 03:11:57 MST 2005

>  two perceptive pieces from from dissimilar cultural perspectives, laying
> bare the end-game of the u s president, as of now...
> the al-ahram article should herald a warning to insensate perpetrators,
> and their aspiring foot-soldiers. of the neo-colonial project.
>   sudhir
> ____________________(((((())))))________________________ Why the US will
> lose
> The occupation is doomed in Iraq because whole countries cannot, short of
> the complete annihilation of their societies, be seized, bought or traded,
> writes *Abdul-Ilah Al-Bayaty**<http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/print/2005/767/#1>
>  ------------------------------
> Throughout the history of the Iraqi patriotic movement, since the 1920s
> until now, it has been clear that the main criterion for true patriotism was
> to confront the "hegemony" of foreign powers in Iraq.
> Iraq's nationalisation of its oil wealth, and its success in investing oil
> revenues in economic development and infrastructure projects, has
> demonstrated Iraq's ability to build its own cadre for the proper
> administration of oil industries, and then make the ultimate end of such
> industry serving the interests of Iraq. Even when expertise, capital or any
> sort of foreign assistance was required, Iraq could get it through
> contracting and cooperation. It has always insisted there is no
> justification for rendering ownership of its oil fields to any other party
> but the state.
> The fate of Iraqi oil is vital for Iraq's future, and no government can
> survive -- unless it enlists the help of foreign armies -- if it accepts to
> put Iraq's oil in the hands of foreign parties. Iraq is well aware of that
> fact, and it will never concede sovereignty over its territory or resources.
> All international laws support Iraq in this regard.
> The Iraqis as a society are opposing the United States' strategy of
> dividing Iraq through the so-called political process and draft
> constitution. Beside controlling and plundering the natural resources of
> Iraq, the United States' plan consisted in abolishing the concept of
> citizenship -- the basis of any modern state. It annulled sovereignty,
> destroyed heritage and memory, and took over Iraqi wealth in an attempt to
> divide the country and destroy its Arab and Islamic geopolitical and
> civilisation-based affiliations. The occupation has tried, and continues to
> try, to replace Iraq by a subordinate state based on ethnicity and sectarian
> identity: a state of parties, lineages and religious references rather than
> a state of equal and free citizens. By dividing the state into three or more
> weak and conflicting entities according to the virtual lines of blood and
> sectarianism, the US, in reality, draws a map corresponding to the
> occupation's own interests in oil. This programmed division necessitated the
> abolition of the Iraqi state; the dismantling of its apparatus and
> institutions and an ongoing plan of privatisation of state-owned industries,
> buildings, lands and services.
> While it is true that this policy creates local corrupted individuals,
> feudalisms and warlords who profit from the occupation, society itself --
> especially the marginalised and impoverished, educated middle classes, the
> working classes, which lost the benefit of state large services, and the
> youth, which suffers from unemployment and the absence of civil liberties --
> reject US policy in Iraq. This will be the source of the never-ending social
> struggle against the occupation and eventually its defeat, and the defeat of
> its policies.
> The United States established a collision course confrontation with Iraqi
> society when it liquidated the Iraqi state, destroying its accomplishments
> and erasing its memory. It was oblivious to the simple truth that society is
> not just a political movement that can be conquered, or a number of
> individuals who may be apprehended, bribed or even killed. It is all the
> living people in a given country. Like other live societies, Iraqi society
> possesses huge capabilities -- a sophisticated legacy, ancient civilisations
> and an experienced patriotic movement. American strategists, while building
> their model for Iraq, missed or disregarded the fact that social movements
> are based on solid realities and lived experience, and cannot just be
> created on the whim of a political decision or through insidious forms of
> pressure.
> The Iraqis' experience of US policies explains the failure of the
> occupation forces in controlling Iraqi society through ethnic intrigue and
> repressive measures. Indeed, all the geopolitical dons in Iraq stand fast
> against ethnic and racial sensitivities, and against American imperialist
> plans in Iraq. If Iraqis now share any social attitude towards the US, it
> derives from their painful experience with the siege the US imposed on them
> through the UN for 13 years, and the destruction the American invasion
> caused to their country. Iraqi society has a wide civil, cultural and
> political heritage that enables it to unite against any reactionary
> imperialistic plan that seeks to take Iraq back to the Age of Darkness, with
> its attendant feudal systems and religious and ethnic bourgeoisie.
> Since the very day the occupation forces came to Iraq and the Iraqi state
> collapsed, there has been an uprising by all Iraqi movements and
> organisations; including those defending women, or unemployed youth, human
> rights organisations, trade unions, professional syndicates, agencies
> defending environmental issues and the rights of prisoners, and all other
> cultural and political organisations, side-by-side with provincial and
> tribal communities and peaceful and armed resistance groups. They have all
> risen following an unwritten political agenda that symbolises the whole
> society and derives its legitimacy from the deep sense of belonging to Arab
> and Islamic tenets.
> Geographically, historically, culturally and strategically, Iraq belongs
> to its Arab-Muslim context. This affiliation is neither ethnic nor
> religious, but rather cultural and geopolitical. The Arab-Islamic attitude
> is deeply rooted in the conscience and soul of every Iraqi citizen,
> regardless of ideology. Such an attitude reflects a mutual language and a
> joint political project for all Iraqis -- especially members of nationalist,
> Islamist and leftist groups. They all share the same principles, as follows.
> First, our natural resources, our material heritage, and the riches of our
> culture and civilisation are the property of the totality of the Iraqi
> people in all its successive generations, both past and future. Ownership of
> this wealth, whether in whole or in part, cannot be alienated by any public
> or private entity. Second, the general interest and public services are the
> justification and basis for the operation of the state. It is forbidden to
> use the state apparatus, or its institutions, for personal or sectarian
> ends. Finally, responsibility for security, defence, justice, health,
> education, communication, water, energy and all major public services,
> including the management of public finances, natural resources and the
> country's material and cultural heritage, belongs to the state. Every
> citizen has the right to enjoy these services, free of any form of
> discrimination.
> The Iraqi state should therefore adopt the following principles. The
> totality of the citizens constitutes the people of Iraq. The people are the
> sole source of sovereignty and of constitutional, political and judicial
> legitimacy. The government is responsible and accountable to all citizens.
> Solidarity between citizens -- between generations, between the different
> territories making up the country, and with the elderly, the ill, children
> and orphans, those in need, and every human being who finds himself in a
> state of weakness -- should form the basis of the Iraqi government's social
> policy.
> As a point of fact, Iraq's commitment to its Arab and Islamic identity is
> not only a shield that protects Iraqi society from the claws of foreign
> business, but also a catalyst that pushes Iraqi society to the fore of the
> progressive social movement growing all over the world which opposes
> neoliberal globalisation and American imperial plans. Such a movement
> advocates building a new world that would be more humane than the
> contemporary world characterised by barbarism and flagrant abuses of power
> that crush the weak and the needy, destroy the environment, create wars and
> unemployment, and devour our civil and political liberties. It has been
> evident enough for everyone that American strategy in this region is one
> link in a long chain of imperialist design for various parts of the world,
> all aimed at similar targets and using similar justifications to tread upon
> others.
> Yet, American imperialist hegemony that defends the free movement of
> capital over the freedom of people, grasps to command the natural wealth of
> other countries, raising the banner of the market economy, is being
> increasingly exposed and opposed by all peoples of the world. Opposition to
> American imperialism has spread even in developed countries; it is no longer
> a theoretical idea, but a reality, simply because it results in more poverty
> for the poor and more wealth for the rich while leaving the middle class
> completely marginalised, even inside the US itself. No one believes anymore
> in the neoliberal propaganda that "capital has no home" and that its
> unfettered passage through the portals of the global economy would bring
> about progress and development, and create more liberties leading to
> stability and justice.
> The United States has no doubt achieved great progress through the
> democratic model it adopted on its territory. We don't contest this. Even we
> do not refuse to be members of the world's "one village" of which they are
> speaking. We are ready to exchange culture, ideas, goods, techniques,
> persons, to achieve mutual understanding and development. Yet, the Iraqis
> and their social movements stand fast in the shadow of American imperial
> efforts which would only lead to more destruction and ruin for them.
> People around the world who care for justice and hope for a more human and
> humane world, should support the Iraqis in their struggle to recover their
> sovereignty, and ask for the complete and unconditional withdrawal of all
> foreign troops from Iraqi soil along with compensation paid for all the
> material and human losses Iraq has experienced since the illegal invasion
> began.
> ** The writer is an Iraqi political analyst based in France.*
> 2-9 Nov, 2005
> (c) Copyright Al-Ahram Weekly. All rights reserved

More information about the Marxism mailing list