[Marxism] Fidel Castro on the Chinese Revolution - FIRST ENGLISH PUBLICATION

Walter Lippmann walterlx at earthlink.net
Sat Oct 1 07:55:35 MDT 2005

This is the very first time Fidel Castro's speech on the 50th 
anniversary of the Chinese Revolution is being made available 
in English. In the United State, from which this is written,
historical memory is short. The past is yesterday, the future
is tomorrow and the present is today. With the passage of time,
relatively recent historical events fade into distant memory.
Washington's active economic relationship with China today has
obscured the blockade from the memories of most readers and so
while we still see today the malignant influence of the Miami
rightist exile militants on US politics, some may forget that
there once was something analagous, called the "China Lobby",
whose job then, like the Miami exiles today, was to block any
and all development of friendly ties with the People's Republic
of China. Washington eventually decided that tactic wouldn't
serve its interests, and decided to move from the stick to the
carrot, but Washington is still doing what it can to encourage
the overthrow of the Chinese system and its replacement by a
system acceptable to the United States of Disneylandia. 

In light of Cuba's close relationship with China as indicated in
the joint celebrations in Beijing and Havana this week, and also
as related in Fidel Castro's speech on the Chinese Revolution's
50th anniversary, readers should find this statement by the U.S.
State Department of particular interest. All of the steps taken
by China to open its economy to market forces have succeeded in
helping China to develop into the fastest growing economy on the
planet. But it's not enough to satisfy Washington which won't be
happy until the People's Republic adopts a capitalist system in
every respect. So much economic activity going on between these
two countries makes it hard for Washington to engage in the kind
of tough talk it reserves for weaker countries. While we can be
certain that Washington makes mischief in China as well, there
is little evidence that it engages in the kinds of paid internal
opposition organizing, nor are there any efforts to block China
from the international market. Notice the rather soft tone with
which Washington advises China of its area of difference. Quite
a difference from the way Washington tries to strangle Cuba at
every point and on every occasion. Comparing Washington's ways
of addressing China and Cuba helps demonstrate the bizarre and
absurd nature of Washington's blockade of Cuba. In recent years
we've seen a greater appreciation of this in the United States,
but still not yet strong enough to obtain a change in policy.

Check out the State Department's softer tone addressing China:
Whither China: From Membership to Responsibility?

Andres Oppenheimer, the Miami Herald's Latin American corres-
pondent (he's in a crowded field at the paper for the position
of Cuba-basher-in-chief) takes the same softer-toned approach:

The People's Republic of China was founded on October 1, 1949.
It was immediately subjected to an international blockade by 
disgruntled losers, which lasted for three decades. Even after
the West decided to try a different approach to China, few must
have imagined that China would become the fastest-growing economy
in the world. Today, Chinese government decisions about currency,
about trade policy and about foreign investment have international
repercussions and are followed in the corporate capitals of the
world with the greatest care, as well as a certain apprehension.

When Cuba's revolution triumphed in 1959, China was under an
economic and political blockade, isolated diplomatically and
politically. Cuba became the first country in the hemisphere
to recognize the PRC. Most readers today wouldn't remember in
the United Nations, the seat for the most populous country in
the world was occupied by Taiwan, where the defeated forces of
Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalists regrouped under US protection.
Fidel traces some highlights of that history, and of relations
between the two countries which readers will surely find to be
of considerableinterest.

China's close relations with Cuba are a source of frustration in
Washington, which is simply in no position to tell China what to
do when it comes to Cuba. Chinese trade and investment in Cuba,
most recently the FIVE HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS China will invest
in the Cuban nickel industry, in addition to the many other new
Chinese investments on the island have made it possible for Cuba
to beat back Washington's efforts to strangle the island in the
aftermath of the fall of the Soviet Union. On the other hand,
many US companies make fortunes bringing high-quality and low-
priced manufactured commodities into the United States, and so
they want to see business with China remain and even expand.

Fidel's speech was transcribed at the time and translated to 
other languages, but was not translated into English until now. 
CubaNews is extremely pleased to make this available here for 
the first time. 

Thanks in particular to Ana Portela for translation and also to 
Robert Sandels whose help with revision of the translation made 
it possible to get this out in time for this anniversary. This
was an extemporaneous speech, not the more familiar kind of a 
formal presentation which the Cuban leader more gives these days, 
and so the translation was a particularly lengthy and detailed
effort. Ana Portela did exceptionally important work with this.

Here are several items from the Cuban and the Chinese media 
about this anniversary published in the last few days, after
which you'll find the link to Fidel Castro's 1999 speech.

Walter Lippmann, CubaNews

Fidel Castro Sends Message to the Chinese People and Government

Beijing reception marks China-Cuba diplomatic ties (Xinhua)

A reception was held here Thursday to mark the 45th anniversary of
the establishment of China-Cuba diplomatic relations.

Cheng Siwei, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Chinese
National People's Congress and president of the China-Latin America
Friendship Association, attended the reception.

Addressing the reception, jointly hosted by the Chinese People's
Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC) and the
China-Latin America Friendship Association, Li Xiaolin,
vice-president of the CPAFFC, said Cuba was the first among the Latin
American countries to forge diplomatic ties with China and the people
of the two countries have enjoyed traditional friendship.

The mutual high-level visits have increased, acknowledged Li, and
bilateral cooperation in diverse fields has been further expanded.

With the advancement of the relationship between the two countries,
their non-governmental exchanges have also been strengthened, Li

She said CPAFFC has forged long-term friendly cooperative ties with
some of Cuba's friendly associations. Various exchanges between the
two peoples have greatly promoted mutual understanding and

Cuban Minister of Government Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz said Cuba has
given unremitting and consistent support to the one-China policy and
China's just cause of national reunification for 45 years.

It is not only beneficial to the two peoples but also to the people
of the Latin American and caribbean nations to step up and expand the
existing relations of mutually beneficial cooperation, said Cabrisas.

Source: Xinhua

Book on Cuban President Fidel Castro Presented in China
Nancy Zamora

Beijing, Sep 28 (Prensa Latina) "Impressions of Fidel Castro",
written by former Chinese Ambassador to Cuba Wang Chengjia, was
presented in the Chinese capital Wednesday, in celebration of the
45th anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and Cuba.

In 17 chapters, Chengjia narrates his contacts with the Cuban
President between 1999 and 2001 when he was serving in Cuba.

Cuban Ambassador to Beijing Alberto Rodriguez Arufe made the
presentation in the Chinese capital and regarded it as a beautiful
present for such a memorable date.

The ambassador said further that Wang Chengjia was an exceptional
witness and active participant to the fruitful exchanges between the
Chinese and Cuban presidents and other Cuban leaders who are also
mentioned in the book.

Wang Chengjia said he decided to include a chapter dedicated to the
extradition struggle by Venezuela, for terrorist Luis Posada Carriles
from the US, after he visited Cuba this year.

The author was decorated with the Order for Friendship by the Cuban
State Council of the Republic of Cuba for his contribution to
Chinese-Cuban relations.

Cuban Government Minister Ricardo Cabrisas, Elba Rosa Perez, member
of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC) Central Committee, Marcia Cobas
and Joel Archer, vice ministers of Public Health and Transportation
respectively, and other Cuban officials attended the presentation

Zeng Gang, Chinese Foreign Affairs Ministry´s Latin America director,
and Wang Chulin, general sub director of the Chinese Communist
Party´s Latin American division, Xi Xiaolin, vice president of the
Association of Friendship of the Chinese People with Foreign Peoples,
and other Chinese notables were also present. /ccs/tac/nzp

and at last...
http://www.walterlippmann.com/fc-china.html (September 30, 1999)

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