[Marxism] Pearl Harbor myths
wquimby at ecr.net
Mon Dec 4 19:49:47 MST 2006
Thank you for this posting - a much needed refresher on reality.
I wonder, though, if the Japanese really thought the attack was
sufficient to "wipe out" the American fleet as is implied, or if
the attack was considered entirely successful in so far as it kept
the American fleet from interfering with their plans in the 6 months
following Pearl - in effect a staggering total conquer of the
entire Pacific and Pacific Rim. (Subsequent attacks also destroyed
the Army Air Force presence in the Philippines and the Dutch East
Indies - the P40 a poor challenger to the Zero.)
Yes, Midway changed everything - but from Dec 7 1941 to Midway,
June 4-5 1942, the Japanese plan produced results. But after all
miscalculations ruled - Japan miscalculating American war production,
Germany miscalculating the timing of the Russian campaign .... and
on and on.
A side note to anyone interested to the cultural memory of WW2 - in
the last year signs have been posted over every bridge (even crossing
the smallest of streams/creeks) in Coshocton County, Ohio, dedicated
to those who died in WW2. This 60+ years after the fact, but somehow
a welcome presence.
December 7, 1941 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; also attack the Philippines, Wake
Island, Guam, Malaya, Thailand, Shanghai and Midway.
December 8, 1941 - U.S. and Britain declare war on Japan. Japanese land near Singapore and
December 9, 1941 - China declares war on Japan.
December 10, 1941 - Japanese invade the Philippines and also seize Guam.
December 11, 1941 - Japanese invade Burma.
December 15, 1941 - First Japanese merchant ship sunk by a U.S. submarine.
December 16, 1941 - Japanese invade British Borneo.
December 18, 1941 - Japanese invade Hong Kong.
December 22, 1941 - Japanese invade Luzon in the Philippines.
December 23, 1941 - General Douglas MacArthur begins a withdrawal from Manila to Bataan;
Japanese take Wake Island.
December 25, 1941 - British surrender at Hong Kong.
December 26, 1941 - Manila declared an open city.
December 27, 1941 - Japanese bomb Manila
January 2, 1942 - Manila and U.S. Naval base at Cavite captured by the Japanese.
January 7, 1942 - Japanese attack Bataan in the Philippines.
January 11, 1942 - Japanese invade Dutch East Indies and Dutch Borneo.
January 16, 1942 - Japanese begin an advance into Burma.
January 18, 1942 - German-Japanese-Italian military agreement signed in Berlin.
January 19, 1942 - Japanese take North Borneo.
January 23, 1942 - Japanese take Rabaul on New Britain in the Solomon Islands and also
invade Bougainville, the largest island.
January 27, 1942 - First Japanese warship sunk by a U.S. submarine.
January 30/31 - The British withdraw into Singapore. The siege of Singapore then begins.
February 1, 1942 - First U.S. aircraft carrier offensive of the war as YORKTOWN and
ENTERPRISE conduct air raids on Japanese bases in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands.
February 2, 1942 - Japanese invade Java in the Dutch East Indies.
February 8/9 - Japanese invade Singapore.
February 14, 1942 - Japanese invade Sumatra in the Dutch East Indies.
February 15, 1942 - British surrender at Singapore.
February 19, 1942 - Largest Japanese air raid since Pearl Harbor occurs against Darwin,
Australia; Japanese invade Bali.
February 20, 1942 - First U.S. fighter ace of the war, Lt. Edward O'Hare from the
LEXINGTON in action off Rabaul.
February 22, 1942 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General MacArthur out of the
February 23, 1942 - First Japanese attack on the U.S. mainland as a submarine shells an
oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California.
February 24, 1942 - ENTERPRISE attacks Japanese on Wake Island.
February 26, 1942 - First U.S. carrier, the LANGLEY, is sunk by Japanese bombers.
February 27- March 1 - Japanese naval victory in the Battle of the Java Sea as the largest
U.S. warship in the Far East, the HOUSTON, is sunk.
March 4, 1942 - Two Japanese flying boats bomb Pearl Harbor; ENTERPRISE attacks Marcus
Island, just 1000 miles from Japan.
March 7, 1942 - British evacuate Rangoon in Burma; Japanese invade Salamaua and Lae on New
March 8, 1942 - The Dutch on Java surrender to Japanese.
March 11, 1942 - Gen. MacArthur leaves Corregidor and is flown to Australia. Gen. Jonathan
Wainwright becomes the new U.S. commander.
March 18, 1942 - Gen. MacArthur appointed commander of the Southwest Pacific Theater by
March 18, 1942 - War Relocation Authority established in the U.S. which eventually will
round up 120,000 Japanese-Americans and transport them to barb-wired relocation centers.
Despite the internment, over 17,000 Japanese-Americans sign up and fight for the U.S. in
World War II in Europe, including the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the most decorated
unit in U.S. history.
March 23, 1942 - Japanese invade the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
March 24, 1942 - Admiral Chester Nimitz appointed as Commander in Chief of the U.S.
April 3, 1942 - Japanese attack U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.
April 6, 1942 - First U.S. troops arrive in Australia.
April 9, 1942 - U.S. forces on Bataan surrender unconditionally to the Japanese.
April 10, 1942 - Bataan Death March begins as 76,000 Allied POWs including 12,000
Americans are forced to walk 60 miles under a blazing sun without food or water toward a
new POW camp, resulting in over 5,000 American deaths.
April 18, 1942 - Surprise U.S. 'Doolittle' B-25 air raid from the HORNET against Tokyo
boosts Allied morale.
April 29, 1942 - Japanese take central Burma.
May 1, 1942 - Japanese occupy Mandalay in Burma.
May 3, 1942 - Japanese take Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
May 5, 1942 - Japanese prepare to invade Midway and the Aleutian Islands.
May 6, 1942 - Japanese take Corregidor as Gen. Wainwright unconditionally surrenders all
U.S. And Filipino forces in the Philippines.
May 7-8, 1942 - Japan suffers its first defeat of the war during the Battle of the Coral
Sea off New Guinea - the first time in history that two opposing carrier forces fought
only using aircraft without the opposing ships ever sighting each other.
May 12, 1942 - The last U.S. Troops holding out in the Philippines surrender on Mindanao.
May 20, 1942 - Japanese complete the capture of Burma and reach India.
June 4-5, 1942 - Turning point in the war occurs with a decisive victory for the U.S.
against Japan in the Battle of Midway as squadrons of U.S. torpedo planes and dive bombers
from ENTERPRISE, HORNET, and YORKTOWN attack and destroy four Japanese carriers, a
cruiser, and damage another cruiser and two destroyers. U.S. loses YORKTOWN.
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