[Marxism] Communists link up with Islamic radicals (WSJ)

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Sun Dec 24 12:45:25 MST 2006


Walter wrote:
>Please feel free to post some of Marc Becker's ideas about
>Mariategui to the list. It's unfortunate that Mariategui's major
>work, SEVEN INTERPRETIVE ESSAYS ON PERUVIAN REALITY hasn't been
>as yet scanned and posted. One of them, THE RELIGIOUS FACTOR,
>would provide readers with useful examples of how Marxists can
>and should influence of religion in social life meaningfully.
>
>    #############################################################
>    "Socialism regards mere anti-clerical activiy as a liberal
>    bourgeois pastime. In Europe, anti-clericalism is characteristic
>    of countries where the Protestant Revormatio, has not unified
>    civil and religious conscience and where political nationlism
>    and Roman universalism live in either open or latent conflict,
>    which compromise can moderate but not halt or resolve."
>    #############################################################

The anti-clerical activity referred to above was associated with the 
Radical movement in Peru, which Mariategui attacked for its failure 
to address the socio-economic conditions that underpin religion and 
as such was no threat to "feudal privileges". In other words, 
Mariategui was polemicizing against liberalism, especially of the 
sort promoted by a semifeudal Peruvian bourgeoisie that found it 
convenient to mouth anti-clerical slogans. Mariategui was certainly 
open to Incan paganism, but this was integrated with his views on 
indigenism in general. Mariategui's main interest in this chapter, 
however, is to distinguish Catholicism from Protestantism in terms of 
hastening capitalist modernization. He describes Catholicism as being 
inferior: "No Catholic country has ever achieved industrialization".

>In another section of Mariategui's 1929 essay cited by Louis, we
>read the following comments on nationalism. We need to keep also
>in mind that 1929 was the height of Third Period Stalinism, and
>this posting was from an official meeting of the Communist world,
>back when they thought "after Hitler, us" and the main danger wasn't
>the fascists, but the social fascists, and so on and on and on.
>Perhaps this is where so much of the hostility to nationalism we
>find expressed by some vociferous voices derives?

Not really. Mariategui's hostility to APRA had nothing to do with the 
Comintern and everything to do with Latin American politics. He 
faulted APRA not because it was against imperialism, but because it 
didn't have a clue how to realize its ideals.





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