[Marxism] The "weird alliance" and the "Left"

Carlos Petroni cepetroni at yahoo.com
Wed Dec 27 21:01:28 MST 2006


Ay, ay, ay... Nestor, you really know nothing about these things, isn't?

Let's correct some of the things that most overtly come from
a fictional account of events:

Nestor:

"a) if that "weird alliance" managed to "briefly control the state",
it had at least a little to do with (1) the prescindent attitude of
the "democratic" anti-Peronist parties (electoral calculation proved
more important than the interest of the country as a whole:
if Peronists made a horrible administration, then perhaps they might 
lose in the elections scheduled for 1977)"

Me:

The bourgeois opposition parties were NOT prescindent. In fact
they were -- together with Peronist union bureaucrats --
embarked in a campaign to convince the military to organize
a coup.

Balbin, leader of the UCR made it clear: "The time is up.
The government should change or the days of the Republic
are counted."

The union bureaucrats, on their side, started to break
away fromm the government after Isabel Peron and the
Econonomy Minister, Rodrigo, refused to comply with
some concessions asked for by the Peronist tradeunionists
to stop the pressure on them in factories and workplaces
by workers led by the left.

Nestor:

"and (2) with the pertinacy
in error of some armed groups who insisted in waging "guerrilla"
actions not just nor only against a military dictatorship"

Me:

The guerrilla was already militarily defeated.  They were
no longer the factor, but just an excuse, for both the
government and the opposition.

What it was the real problem is that the peronist bureaucrats
were LOSING factory after factory at our hands, that is to
say, to the left.

For many years, Centenera metalworks, with about 5.000 workers
at the time was the paramount Peronist stronghold.  The place
were Labor Ministers came from, the place where Peron himself
launched his electoral campaigns.

For years, the left maintained a well trained, disciplined,
opposition slate in that factory and got consistently about
7% of the vote... That year, I helped to organized, once
again , the slate and... we won with 52% of the vote.

In the oil industries, in the destilleries of La Plata and
Berisso, in the steelworkers workplaces in Villa Constitucion
in Cordoba and elsewhere, left slates and militant alliances
between left Peronists and left organizations were sweeping
one election after the other.

Coordinating bodies of factories from different industries
started to form beyond and outside the unions and were the
decisive leadership of a growing number of workers in the
West, North and South of the Capital (three out of four 
industrial belts around the capital), in Cordoba, Villa
Constitucion and Rosario in Santa Fe, Neuquen, and elsewhere.

On this, the Peronists in government agreed with the opposition:

Balbin: "Factory guerrillas" more dangerous than the other

Isabel Peron: "Subversives at the factories are as destructive
as those in the "montes.""

Lorenzo Miguel (main Peronist bureaucrat at a rally honoring
military fallen in the fight against guerrillas):

"The army is doing their patriotic duty combating the
subversives... and we are doing the same by stopping
them at the workplaces."

Nestor:


"Against these "Leftists", many of who believed to be Peronists
themselves, Perón saw himself forced to rely on his right wing. And,
indeed, rely he did, something he was as well prone to do as used to
do." 

Me:

This is to say, Peron was justified in agreeing to form
death squads and kill Montoneros and other Peronists as
well as leftists and independent activists?

Because that is the way Peron and later his wife relied
on the right to kill those you said "believed to be
Peronists."

Nestor:

"The University of Buenos Aires, for example, fell to the hands of the
"Left Peronists", under the Rectorship of Rodolfo Puiggrós.
Every "sepoy Left" critic of Perón -either "Pure Left" or "Peronist Left"-
will immediately stand on the toes, rise to its highest pitch and
yell "It was not Perón, it was Cámpora, you liar!". Oh, please, let
us be serious: this cannot be a subject of serious debate. "

Me:

This is simply the result of your fantasies, Nestor.  Never, ever
the left Peronisr denied their allegiance to Peron or said
anything remotely to what you said they said.  It is true,
there cannot be a serious debate with your fabricated quotes.

Besides, the university was already checked -- by the time
we are talking about of the general strike -- by the right
wing.  Puigros, a recognized Peronist was pushed aside and
replace by fascist Rectors like Ivanesevich.  

Nestor:

In fact, during his own speech against the Montoneros, Perón himself
asked at Plaza de Mayo: "You have the Universities, what else do you
want? There are more than a dozen socialist parties in Argentina, we
are Justicialistas.", that is: "We put in your hands the formation of
the future élites, what else do you expect a bourgeois government to
give you? Organize your party if you want, but don't try to
denaturalize mine, nor to use the University as a step towards power
against me and the general will of the people who voted _me_, not
_you_"

Me:

Three quarters of the quotes above simply never existed.
The intentions of Peron was to use the left and govern
from the right and expected the left to quietly accept
that.  They mostly did so but then he started to humiliate
them in public and started to kill them, intervene the
universities and gave a free hand to the union bureaucrats
to hunt them down...

If anything the left peronists, which were in turn not
an homogenous bunch -- they had several different factions
and many of them were historic working class heroes from
the many years, just turned the other cheek... then Peron\
hit them again... and then he died... and then his wife
used more and more the revolver to finish them off.

Nestor:

"Perón tried to keep the repression within the bounds of the
Constitution, and sent to Congress some laws which would have made
the struggle against the "guerrillas" a matter of Police and not of
the Army. However the opposition of many deputies of "Left"
Peronist origin (who have learnt a lot since those days, thank God)
closed the way to the changes he wanted to introduce to the
legal framework of police action."

Me:

Sure, Nestor, keep revising history.  Peron made an speech
after the attempted take over by guerrillas of the Azul
Garrison where he call for their elimination. He talked
about the use of civilian, unofficial groups to check up
the left and authorize the first  violent actions against
them, other leftist and even journalists who questioned
him too much at press conferences...
 
Nestor:

"b) Who led the "general strike" against the "weird alliance"? 
Popetroni does not give us a clue. It is reasonable, because it was 
not the "Left" but -the "union bureaucrats" that Popetroni lumps with 
all the unholy elements in his picture above! "

Me:

Since I actively participated in that general strike and you seem
to have watched it on TV, I would gladly explain to you
and others, how it happened:

Was half spontaneous, and half led by the left.

When Peronist Minister of Economy Rodrigo wiped out workers
wages with an inflation over 100% in less than a week (230%
in three weeks) workers exploded.

The left which led the coordinating bodies put pressure to
strike in as many workplaces as they could.  My factory 
actually started striking during the night.  When I arrived
to the factory with the morning shift, the night shift was
already barricaded.  We had a general meeting and decided
to march on Plaza de Mayo at 6:30 AM.

By that time, hundreds of other factories were taking the
same decision.

Upon arrival to downtown, we alredy formed a coordinating 
committee of over 100 factories who decided to do two things:

a) Send most people to Plaza de Mayo to demand the resignation
of Rodrigo (Minister of Economy) and Lopez Rega and many
also demandin g the resignation of the entire government and
immediate new elections. and b) send couple thousand workers
to put pressure on the CGT that announced they were meeting
at their building in Paseo Colon.

To make the story short, by mid-morning, about 60.000 workers
were in Plaza de Mayo protesting and about 10.000 surrounded
the CGT demanding the leaders call for a general strike.

Around noon, the bureacrats emerged and officially declared
the general strike when the general strike was, in fact, on
for almost 12 hours...

Whe the military realized that neither the government nor the
labor bureaucrats could control de working class anymore,
they struck.





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