[Marxism] Socialism Comes of Age in Venezuela
walterlx at earthlink.net
Sun Dec 31 17:11:33 MST 2006
Venezuela today constitutes the very vanguard of the revolutionary
process on the Latin American continent. As the economic powerhouse
which helps to augment and strengthen the process of continental
integration, helping its weaker cousins to throw off the yoke of IMF
indebtedness, the Bolivarian process is one which socialists everywhere
must study attentively. Working with a solid political mandate and in a
constitutional framework, Chavez and his collaborators, which include
a substantial contingent of Cuban medical and educational providers,
are constructing the foundation for a new Latin America. They're also
able to use the irrational appetite of the advanced capitalist countries,
above all the United States, for petroleum, to their advantage for the
financing of domestic as well as international infrastructural growth.
So far, they have not needed to impose politically repressive steps as
they've been able to defeat the rightist, Washington-backed opposition
at the political game. No one can know how long they'll be able to do
this, of course. There's no guarantee that the process will continue to
be successful, either. Thus the timeliness and urgency to build a new
political instrument to unite all who want to be part of the process and
to give the process more of an institutionalized character. Note carefully
Chavez has called for the formation of the new party, but hasn't spelled
out all, or any, of its programmatic bases nor its organizational statutes.
Naturally this is throwing those elements for whom having a completely
spelled-out "correct program" is the foundation for anything for a loop.
This is a living process, not an arbitrary schema. No doubt Chavez has
his own ideas about what is to be done and how it should be done, but
it doesn't appear that he has all of the answers which he's presenting to
the people of the country in fixed, finished and final form. Chavez speaks
in the the language of his national and regional traditions. The year 2007
is coming to a close on a very hopeful basis, in my personal opinion.
Los Angeles, California
Socialism Comes of Age in Venezuela
Caracas, Dec 31 (Prensa Latina) "When he woke up, socialism was still
there," is what Augusto Monterroso wrote in what would be the
briefest political comptemporary history.
A short period of time to finish an endless period that was abruptly
decreed by English Francis Fukuyama (The End of History and the Last
Man) in 1992, just one year after the illegalization of the Communist
Party in the Soviet Union (CPSU).
An element that ratifies the mistake of Fukuyama, who thought social
struggle was over and a liberal democracy would replace a classless
society planned by Karl Marx, is the current emergence of the left
wing in Latin America.
An important link in this process is the creation, presumably in
2007, of the Unified Socialist Party (USPV) of Venezuela 16 years
after the dissolution of the CPSU, an expression of the socialist
progress in the South American country.
With an electoral support topping 7.3 million votes out of over 11
million voters, the USPV has become an organic part of 21st century
Socialism as promoted by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.
The new organization is in charge of defining and leading a process
that takes into consideration the past errors and positive
experiences on a homegrown level.
Chavez says it is a socialism that will include social justice
principles, native experiences and the ideas of the American national
heroes, like Simon Bolivar.
Chavez warns, even before the creation of the USPV, that the
leadership of the new party can not be based on paybacks to the
parties that will dissolve to form the new group.
The USPV will not include manuals to construct socialism, but it a
series of positive and negative experiences to create its own method.
Socialist Venezuelans now have the historical possibility to learn
from the bad experiences and good achievements of the former Soviet
socialism to create their own project and adapt it to the current
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Socialism to Head 2007 Venez Agenda
Caracas, Dec 31 (Prensa Latina) After a busy electoral year,
activities seem far from recess in 2007 in Venezuela where the agenda
will include a constitutional reform and the proposal to boost the
The perspective comprises restructuring of the rightwing and the
progressive parties. The first in an attempt to recover positions
lost before the boost of President Hugo Chavez and the second in the
search for a unique party with socialist perspectives.
With nearly 63 percent of votes Chavez obtained a new leadership
(2007-2013) after an electoral campaign in which he warned that the
problems of the country would not be solved within a capitalist
In addition to the promise of structural changes, Chavez achieved an
overwhelming triumph backed up by an eight-year direction
prioritizing a better distribution wealth benefiting thousands of
people excluded until then.
His basic political lines will be the constitutional reform and the
creation of the Venezuela United Socialist Party which will be
intended to support a measure of larger reach, what he described as
instauration of the 21st century socialism.
The Venezuelan President aspires to implement changes based on the
socialist principles of social justice taking into account the
country´s particularities and the system´s achievements and mistakes
in the 20th century beyond possible theoretical debates.
Undoubtedly, it will be a complex process in which they will have to
face the views of some parties supporting the present structure and
the possibility to continue boosting the process of changes
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Doing It Their Own Way: Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador
Sunday, Dec 31, 2006
By: Mark Weisbrot - International Herald Tribune
Venezuela has now provided an alternative source of credit, with no
economic policy strings attached, to Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador and
other countries. The dissolution of the IMF's "creditors' cartel" is
the most important change in the international financial system since
the collapse of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates in
Now even poor countries like Bolivia can say no to the "Washington
consensus," capture billions of dollars of additional revenues from
resources like natural gas, and use them to deliver on their promises
of a New Deal for the region's poor.
The region's first indigenous president, Evo Morales, is also making
history as he completes his first year in office.
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil has continued the
neoliberal policies (and resultant sluggish economic growth) of his
predecessor. But he has been a team player internationally, forging a
close alliance with Argentina and Venezuela that has buried
Washington's proposed "Free Trade Area of the Americas," and pursuing
increased regional economic integration.
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