[Marxism] Capitalism is the greatest evil of humanity

Jim Farmelant farmelantj at juno.com
Mon Jan 16 09:04:37 MST 2006

On Mon, 16 Jan 2006 08:14:03 -0400 "Juan Carlos"
<juancarloscruz at hotmail.com> writes:

Keep in mind that the Bearded One had written concerning

The bourgeoisie has disclosed how it came to pass that the brutal display
of vigor in the Middle Ages, which reactionaries so much admire, found
its fitting complement in the most slothful indolence. It has been the
first to show what man's activity can bring about. It has accomplished
wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts, and Gothic
cathedrals; it has conducted expeditions that put in the shade all former
exoduses of nations and crusades.

The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionizing the
instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and
with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes
of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first
condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes. Constant
revolutionizing of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social
conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the
bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones. All fixed, fast frozen relations,
with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are
swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify.
All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man
is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real condition of life
and his relations with his kind.

The need of a constantly expanding market for its products chases the
bourgeoisie over the entire surface of the globe. It must nestle
everywhere, settle everywhere, establish connections everywhere.

The bourgeoisie has, through its exploitation of the world market, given
a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country.
To the great chagrin of reactionaries, it has drawn from under the feet
of industry the national ground on which it stood. All old-established
national industries have been destroyed or are daily being destroyed.
They are dislodged by new industries, whose introduction becomes a life
and death question for all civilized nations, by industries that no
longer work up indigenous raw material, but raw material drawn from the
remotest zones; industries whose products are consumed, not only at home,
but in every quarter of the globe. In place of the old wants, satisfied
by the production of the country, we find new wants, requiring for their
satisfaction the products of distant lands and climes. In place of the
old local and national seclusion and self-sufficiency, we have
intercourse in every direction, universal inter-dependence of nations.
And as in material, so also in intellectual production. The intellectual
creations of individual nations become common property. National
one-sidedness and narrow-mindedness become more and more impossible, and
from the numerous national and local literatures, there arises a world

In fact, Marx's view of capitalism was dialectical in character. On the
hand he recognized that the rise of capitalism represented a great leap
forward for mankind. It greatly accelerated the development of
the forces of production. It propelled the development of
science and technology. The great bourgeois revolutions
of the 18th and 19th centuries gave birth to modern
republican and democratic forms of government.
And most importantly, it created the potential for
the development of a far more humane mode of
production. This potential included not only
the greatly developed forces of production but
also the rise of a new class, the proletariat, which had
the potential for overthrowing the old mode of
production and establishing a new one.

On the other hand, Marx was always well
aware of the dehumanizing nature of capitalism.
The young Marx wrote about its alienating nature.
The older Marx analyzed the laws that governed
capitalist exploitation. He also initiated the studies
of how the bourgeois nations exploited and oppressed
other nations. 

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