[Marxism] Nuclear Deadline for Iran

Yoshie Furuhashi critical.montages at gmail.com
Mon Jul 31 10:38:08 MDT 2006

As the Tel Aviv-Washington axis loses in Lebanon, essentially having
given itself a huge black eye, what lesson does it draw from this
political loss?  Non-state actors like Hizbullah have nothing to lose,
so the Tel Aviv-Washington axis can't defeat it easily, but states,
like Iran and Syria, have much to lose, so the axis can put pressures
on them and weaken Hizbullah, Hamas, etc. indirectly.

The Tel Aviv-Washington axis is not wrong to draw such a lesson, for
all factions in the Iranian government -- from populist to neoliberal
-- and their support bases have a lot to lose if economic sanctions
are put on Iran: capitalists will lose business, neoliberals will lose
the confidence of capitalists, populists will lose government
revenues, and workers and peasants will feel the consequences of both
business and government revenue losses.

The threat of economic sanctions will strengthen the neoliberal
faction, who tend to take a soft line on national sovereignty and
foreign and nuclear policies, against the populist faction, who tend
to take a hard line on them (though the reality of economic sanctions
will be another story).

Will Moscow and Beijing continue to hold up against punitive economic sanctions?

In the meantime, interest rates have been and will be going up in
Japan, the USA, and the rest of the world, which will eventually
narrow Iran's options as well as Latin America's and the rest of the
world's (though how soon impacts will be felt is not certain).

Nuclear deadline for Iran
Monday 31 July 2006, 19:00 Makka Time, 16:00 GMT

The UN Security Council has demanded that Iran suspend its nuclear
activities by the end of August or face the threat of sanctions.

The council adopted a resolution on Monday by a vote 14 to 1 that
demands Iran "suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing
activities, including research and development".

Qatar, the only Arab member of the council, voted against the
resolution that has been under negotiation for weeks.

If Tehran does not comply by August 31, the council would consider
adopting "appropriate measures" under Article 41 of Chapter 7 of the
UN Charter, which pertains to economic sanctions, the draft said. This
excludes military action.

The resolution is the first on Iran with legally binding demands and a
threat to consider sanctions.

On the eve of the vote, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Iranian president,
told a news conference that the resolution was unacceptable and his
country had the right "to take advantage of peaceful nuclear

Germany and the council's five permanent members with veto power - the
US, Russia, China, France and Britain - negotiated the text.

But Russia and China are reluctant to impose sanctions and Valery
Churkin, Russia's ambassador to the UN, has said the sanctions
provision meant that the council would have "a discussion" only on
punitive measures. . . .

Bush Cites Objectives for Mideast Deal
President Bush lays out objectives for 'sustainable' cease-fire
agreement in Middle East

MIAMI, Jul. 31, 2006
By DEB RIECHMANN Associated Press Writer (AP)
(AP) President Bush insisted anew Monday that any Mideast cease-fire
be conditioned on a wider agreement and said he would look to the
United Nations to act to establish "a long-lasting peace, one that is

As Israel cut short a halt in bombing and launched new strikes in
southern Lebanon, Bush spelled out a series of what he called "clear
objectives" to accompany a halt in the fighting.

"Iran must end its financial support and supply of weapons to
terrorist groups like Hezbollah. Syria must end its support for terror
and respect the sovereignty of Lebanon," Bush said in a speech at the
Port of Miami. . . .

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