[Marxism] Notes on David Brion Davis' review

Rakesh Bhandari bhandari at berkeley.edu
Wed Nov 1 10:34:57 MST 2006

I do think proto racism was developed during the course of the 
enslavement of Africans in especially the Anglo American New World. 
Edward Long and Thomas Jefferson are proof enough. But not in the 
course of European feudalism or the Islamic slave trade.

Yet racism does not take full flight as distinct ideology until the 
the writings of Morton, Agassiz and Galton. But racism would have 
been impossible without the degradation of enslaved Africans, 
including those manumitted or even born free. It also would have been 
impossible without the hardening of anti Semitism in the course of 
European nation-making (see here Bruce Lincoln Theorizing Myth) and 
the horrors of British rule in India during which there was 
transformation of the Aryan concept from a linguistic to racial one 
(see Thomas Trautmann).

  So I would not separate racism out from slavery, nationalism and 

I did not mean to give that impression.

Thanks for the reply, Mark.

Yours, Rakesh

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