lnp3 at panix.com
Wed Nov 22 12:03:28 MST 2006
>Leslie Feinberg's earlier writings and the section on pre WWII Germany and
>Russia, were entirely taken from two sources: The Homosexual Emancipation
>Movement in Germany by James Steakley and issued by Arno Press (1975) and
>The Early Homosexual Rights Movement (1864 - 1935) by John Lauritsen and
>David Thorstad and issued by Times Change Press (1974) - that Feinberg
>chooses not to recognize.
>There is no original research in Feinberg's writings, but pieces taken
>from others' works, who did the actual research.
>Los Angele, CA
People should read Leslie's articles and make up their own mind. In any
case, in an article on Czarist Russia, she cites Dan Healey heavily who
John does not mention. The research might not be "original" but it is still
extremely valuable. The Workers World website gets a lot more traffic than
these specialist works can and I am glad that it does. Leslie makes
excellent points as should be obvious below:
Roots of Russian 'homosexual subculture'
Lesbian, gay, bi and trans pride series, part 7
By Leslie Feinberg
Revolutions against feudalism and capitalism in Russia illuminated the
nexus of the battles for the liberation of sexuality, particularly same-sex
love, the abolition of sex and gender restrictions, and the emancipation of
These seemingly divergent struggles were up against institutionalized
common obstacles. The economic unit for both peasants and workers was the
oppressive patriarchal family, whether feudal or capitalist. The
super-structure of law, religion, politics and education functioned to
justify the inequality of a class-divided economic base. And this economic
and social injustice was enforced by the state machinery of repression.
Russian capitalism created an exploited economic class that was up against
these common enemies at every turn and was forced to take on the Amazonian
task of battling class rule, its ideology and its state.
Of course, women as a whole were easily visible in pre-revolutionary
Russian society; they were not a "closeted" population. But it took the
growth of capitalist industrialization to create a homosexual "subculture"
As early as the 1870s, historian Dan Healey describes that "as Russian
cities expanded and commerce and industry grew, a new, 'homosexual'
identity appeared alongside more traditional relations." (Russian Queen)
Forensic doctors and others referred to these men as "tetki." The word
literally means "auntie," Healey explains, but it can be translated as
"queen." Tetka was a patronizing word used for any woman older than the
"The 'little homosexual world' (gomoseksual'nyi mirok) became a feature of
Russia's largest cities," Healey says. (Homosexual Desire)
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