[Marxism] Mexican Report Cites Leaders for ‘Dirty War’
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Dbachmozart at aol.com
Thu Nov 23 13:44:14 MST 2006
By JAMES C. McKINLEY Jr.
Published: November 23, 2006 - NY Times
MEXICO CITY, Nov. 22 — Just before leaving office, the administration of
President Vicente Fox has quietly put out a voluminous report that for the first
time states unequivocally that past governments carried out a covert campaign
of murder and torture against dissidents and guerrillas from the late 1960s
through the early 1980s.
The 800-page report is the first acceptance of responsibility by the
government for what is known here as the “dirty war,” in which the police and the
army are believed to have executed more than 700 people without trial, in many
cases after torture. It also represents the fulfillment of Mr. Fox’s vow
when elected in 2000 to expose the truth about an ugly chapter in _Mexico_
x.html?inline=nyt-geo) ’s history.
“The Mexican government has never officially accepted responsibility for
these crimes,” said Kate Doyle, the director of the Mexico project of the
National Security Archive, a private research group at _George Washington
Ms. Doyle and other human rights experts said, though, that the special
prosecutor who issued the report, Ignacio Carrillo Prieto, had not succeeded in
prosecuting the officials responsible for the crimes it describes in such
detail, notably former President Luis Echeverría.
Instead of being announced at a public event, as is often the case, the
report was posted on the Internet late Friday night. Some human rights experts
say that the way the report was released suggests that Mr. Fox’s enthusiasm for
ferreting out the sins of past governments has waned since he took office.
The report relies on secret military and government documents that Mr. Fox
ordered declassified. It contains lengthy chapters on the killings of student
protesters in Mexico City in 1968 and 1971, as well as a brutal
counterinsurgency operation in the state of Guerrero, where military officers destroyed
entire villages suspected of helping the rebel leader Lucio Cabañas and
tortured their inhabitants.
The report offers considerable detail, including the names of military
officers responsible for various atrocities, from the razing of villages to the
killing of student protesters.
It does not include orders signed by three presidents authorizing the crimes.
Still, the document trail makes clear that the abuses were not the work of
renegade officers, but an official government policy.
The events occurred during the administrations of Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, José
López Portillo and Mr. Echeverría. The federal security department kept the
presidents informed about many aspects of the covert operations. Genocide
charges against Mr. Echeverría, the only one still living, were thrown out in July
by a judge who ruled that a statute of limitations had run out.
“At the end of this investigation,” the report says, “it has been proved
that the authoritarian regime, at the highest levels of command, impeded,
criminalized and fought various parts of the population that organized itself to
demand greater democratic participation.”
The authors of the report, which was assembled by 27 researchers, go on to
state that “the battle the regime waged against these groups — organized among
student movements and popular insurgencies — was outside the law” and
employed “massacres, forced disappearances, systematic torture and genocide, in an
attempt to destroy the part of society it considered its ideological enemy.”
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