[Marxism] Mexican Report Cites Leaders for ‘Dirty War’

Dbachmozart at aol.com Dbachmozart at aol.com
Thu Nov 23 13:44:14 MST 2006


 
By JAMES C. McKINLEY Jr.
Published: November 23, 2006 - NY Times
 
MEXICO CITY, Nov. 22 — Just before leaving office, the administration of  
President Vicente Fox has quietly put out a voluminous report that for the first  
time states unequivocally that past governments carried out a covert campaign 
of  murder and torture against dissidents and guerrillas from the late 1960s 
through  the early 1980s.  
The 800-page report is the first acceptance of responsibility by the  
government for what is known here as the “dirty war,” in which the police and  the 
army are believed to have executed more than 700 people without trial, in  many 
cases after torture. It also represents the fulfillment of Mr. Fox’s vow  
when elected in 2000 to expose the truth about an ugly chapter in _Mexico_ 
(http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/inde
x.html?inline=nyt-geo) ’s history. 
“The Mexican government has never officially accepted responsibility for  
these crimes,” said Kate Doyle, the director of the Mexico project of the  
National Security Archive, a private research group at _George Washington 
University_ 
(http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/g/george_washington_university/index.html?inline=nyt-org) .  
Ms. Doyle and other human rights experts said, though, that the special  
prosecutor who issued the report, Ignacio Carrillo Prieto, had not succeeded in  
prosecuting the officials responsible for the crimes it describes in such  
detail, notably former President Luis Echeverría.  
Instead of being announced at a public event, as is often the case, the  
report was posted on the Internet late Friday night. Some human rights experts  
say that the way the report was released suggests that Mr. Fox’s enthusiasm for  
ferreting out the sins of past governments has waned since he took office. 
The report relies on secret military and government documents that Mr. Fox  
ordered declassified. It contains lengthy chapters on the killings of student  
protesters in Mexico City in 1968 and 1971, as well as a brutal  
counterinsurgency operation in the state of Guerrero, where military officers  destroyed 
entire villages suspected of helping the rebel leader Lucio Cabañas  and 
tortured their inhabitants.  
The report offers considerable detail, including the names of military  
officers responsible for various atrocities, from the razing of villages to the  
killing of student protesters.  
It does not include orders signed by three presidents authorizing the crimes. 
 Still, the document trail makes clear that the abuses were not the work of  
renegade officers, but an official government policy.  
The events occurred during the administrations of Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, José  
López Portillo and Mr. Echeverría. The federal security department kept the  
presidents informed about many aspects of the covert operations. Genocide  
charges against Mr. Echeverría, the only one still living, were thrown out in  July 
by a judge who ruled that a statute of limitations had run out.  
“At the end of this investigation,” the report says, “it has been proved 
that  the authoritarian regime, at the highest levels of command, impeded,  
criminalized and fought various parts of the population that organized itself to  
demand greater democratic participation.”  
The authors of the report, which was assembled by 27 researchers, go on to  
state that “the battle the regime waged against these groups — organized among 
 student movements and popular insurgencies — was outside the law” and 
employed  “massacres, forced disappearances, systematic torture and genocide, in an 
 attempt to destroy the part of society it considered its ideological  enemy.”




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