[Marxism] Bonds' critics echo those who belittled Aaron's feat in '74

Walter Lippmann walterlx at earthlink.net
Sat Aug 11 06:46:01 MDT 2007

From: Dave Zirin <edgeofsports at gmail.com>
Sent: Aug 11, 2007 12:44 AM
To: walterlx at earthlink.net
Subject: [E of S] Book TV News and 'Bonds Part II'

Also – below is a very interesting piece about Barry Bonds and
racism in the Baltimore Sun. Check out the comments at the end for a
very interesting snapshot of the ugliness – and response – that
surrounds the Bonds story.

Bonds' critics echo those who belittled Aaron's feat in '74

By Childs Walker

Sun reporter

August 9, 2007

The notes left little question for Henry Aaron.

They addressed him by racist terms rather than by name and explained
how the country would be humiliated to have a black man as home run
king. Some threatened physical harm to him and his family.

"All that hatred left a deep scar on me," Aaron wrote in his 1991
autobiography. "I was just a man doing something that God had given
me the power to do, and I was living like an outcast in my own

The letters reminded Aaron, the Atlanta slugger who had grown up in
the segregated South, that even if schools, voting booths and ball
fields were open, a black man could not do something great without
tapping that deep, old well of intolerance. In 1974, race still
mattered in very apparent ways.

Now, 33 years after Aaron passed Babe Ruth, it's not so clear.

Tuesday night, another black superstar, Barry Bonds, hit his 756th
career home run to break Aaron's record, to the chagrin of many
baseball followers. But most cite allegations of steroid use and
Bonds' standoffishness as the chief reasons. As promised, Aaron was
not present at AT&T Park in San Francisco to honor the new king,
though Aaron did send a taped video message saluting Bonds'
achievement, which was shown on the ballpark's big screen.

Those who automatically dismiss race as a factor in Bonds' lack of
popularity, however, may want to consider several polls released this

Not only are black fans far more sympathetic to Bonds, these polls
say, they are far more likely to believe race is a factor in the way
he's perceived.

An ESPN/ABC News poll released in May indicated that 74 percent of
black fans were rooting for Bonds to break the record compared to 28
percent of white fans. ESPN said the telephone poll was conducted
among a random national sample of 799 adult baseball fans, including
an oversample of 203 African-Americans.

A CBS News/New York Times poll released in July found that 62 percent
of black fans believed race was at least a minor factor in the
steroid suspicions around Bonds. Only 14 percent of white fans felt
the same way.

That contrast in perceptions suggests that there are racial issues to
be examined around the home run chase.

"It's one of those things that's just there," said Dave Zirin, a
sports columnist and author who has written extensively about Bonds
and race. "Whether you think race should be talked about in this
story or not, it's there objectively. I don't know why we should be
surprised. Race and sports have been our twin national obsessions for
going on a century."

Zirin, who has written two books about Muhammad Ali, has talked about
Bonds on mainstream sports radio (National Public Radio and ESPN) and
on radio targeted more specifically to African-Americans. The tone
couldn't contrast more, said Zirin, who is white.

'Double standard' 
Many mainstream sports fans abhor Bonds, the author said. But he has 
heard many African-American callers who expressed serious concerns 
for the slugger's well-being.

"They see this hatred toward him as the same thing that happened to
Hank Aaron," Zirin said. "It feels the same to them. It feels like a
double standard."

Zirin said he can't reconcile that contrast in tone without
considering racism. He believes that if a white star with the same
personality and same association with steroids had broken Aaron's
record, fans would be ambivalent but less enraged than they are at

Not so, said one Hall of Famer who witnessed Bonds' historic clout.
Asked yesterday whether he thought negative reaction toward Bonds had
anything to do with racism, former Orioles star Frank Robinson said:
"Race has nothing to do with it. No, it just has nothing to do with it."

A canvas of fans at Baltimore's ESPN Zone ran the gamut. Devorick
Little, 41, of Glen Burnie, said he wanted Bonds to break Aaron's
record because "he's been playing for a long time and I think he
deserves it. But I think race is a major factor in the way he's being
perceived, in addition to being a factor in the entire steroids
scandal," said Little, who is black.

Lou Mascola disagreed.

"I don't think race played any part" in the public's disdain for the
Giants slugger, said Mascola, 55, a white man from Bristol, R.I. "He
[Bonds] just always came off as arrogant."

Todd Boyd, who holds the Price Endowed Chair for the Study of Race
and Popular Culture at the University of Southern California,
recently wrote a column for ESPN.com about the racial issues around
Bonds. Boyd, who is black, was surprised how angry some readers
became at the suggestion race might play into fan backlash.

"Why are you inserting race?" Boyd said they would ask. "Well, I'm
not inserting it. It's there. It's almost impossible to talk about
the evolution of that record, from Ruth to Aaron to Bonds, without
talking about race."

Jules Tygiel, a historian in San Francisco who has written about
Jackie Robinson and the Negro leagues, isn't so sure.

"Race is always a factor, but, in this case, I think it's very
minimal," said Tygiel, who is white. "On almost any issue, there will
be a disparity between the way whites look at it and the way blacks
look at it. But Barry is Barry, and he's spent a long time building
ill will."

Tygiel is a Giants fan who counts watching Bonds as "one of the great
thrills of my life."

He can't look at the reaction to Bonds and equate it with the racism
Aaron experienced after what is often considered the end of the civil
rights era. He cited negative public reaction to Rafael Palmeiro and
Mark McGwire as proof that fans feel harshly toward many perceived
steroid users.

"The hard part with Barry is that he's such a complex personality,"
Tygiel said. "He's such a difficult person to deal with that it's
hard to portion out the factors behind reactions to him."

Other black stars have said Bonds is treated differently than a white
equivalent would be.

"It's so obvious what's going on," Minnesota center fielder Torii
Hunter told USA Today in April 2006. "He has never failed a drug test
and said he never took steroids, but everybody keeps trying to
disgrace him. How come nobody even talks about Mark McGwire anymore?
Or [Rafael] Palmeiro [who tested positive for steroids in 2005]?

"Whenever I go home [to Pine Bluff, Ark.], I hear people say all of
the time, 'Baseball just doesn't like black people. Here's the
greatest hitter in the game, and they're scrutinizing him like
crazy.' It's killing me because you know it's about race."

Those who see Bonds as a victim of racism wonder why white stars such
as Roger Clemens and Lance Armstrong, who have also faced doping
allegations but never failed drug tests, continue to be highly

"I think a lot of African-Americans wonder why Bonds has been singled
out," Boyd said.

Blacks loved, hated 
Bonds' father, Bobby, faced prejudice as a minor league star in the
South and felt he was treated poorly during his major league career
because he was an outspoken black man. Barry Bonds grew up in the
comparatively gentle world of California's upper-middle-class suburbs
but, as one of only a few blacks in his neighborhood and school, he
faced racial isolation.

In his early years in Pittsburgh, Bonds complained, often correctly,
that white stars such as Andy Van Slyke and Sid Bream received
gentler treatment from fans and media than he or Bobby Bonilla. Years
later, when asked if he might receive some of the same privileges as
Clemens - like being able to skip road trips - the Giants star
replied: "I ain't white. What world you living in? I live in reality.
They'll never let a black man get away with that."

There's little question that black superstars have become more
accepted by mainstream America.

First Michael Jordan and then Tiger Woods and LeBron James became
marketing powerhouses on previously unimaginable scales.

Other black stars, from Derek Jeter in baseball to Tim Duncan in
basketball, are considered examples of doing everything the right

Yet some believe that once black athletes get into legal trouble or
reveal belligerent sides to the media, they are vilified more quickly
than their white counterparts.

"The surly African-American athlete is still taboo and raises a lot
of ire," Zirin said. "It's an interesting measure of how far we've
come and how far we haven't come."

He sees powerful connections between Bonds and Jack Johnson, the
early 20th-century heavyweight champion who shocked white audiences
with his audacious style and unabashed pursuit of white women.

Joe Louis reversed that 20 years later by becoming a prototype for
Jordan and Woods - brilliant in the ring, unlikely to buck social
expectations outside it.

The nation's tendency to embrace the Louis type and feel
uncomfortable with the Johnson type hasn't changed as much as some
might wish.

"Black athletes are very visible, they make a lot of money, and a lot
of people feel that the money should, in essence, shut them up," Boyd
said. "

Tygiel said that may be true but said he would not equate Bonds with
social crusaders such as Johnson, Jackie Robinson or Curt Flood.
"Barry hasn't been outspoken on issues," he said. "I just don't think
that explains the reaction to him."

Boyd agreed that Bonds is no activist. But that doesn't eliminate
race as a factor in the feelings toward him, he added.

Boyd linked Bonds with Kobe Bryant in a group of second-generation
black athletes who raise different questions for fans than the first
wave of black superstars.

"He's a spoiled brat basically, and people don't know how to react to
a black spoiled brat," Boyd said. "If he were an outspoken guy from a
poor, urban area, at least people have more of a history of dealing
with that. But there's no model in place for dealing with a guy like

childs.walker at baltsun.com

Sun reporters Sirage Yassin and Dan Connolly contributed to this

Editor-in-Chief, CubaNews
writer - photographer - activist

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