[Marxism] Indo-US Nuclear Deal: Obscene Obsession with Testing in India

Sukla Sen suklasenp at yahoo.co.uk
Tue Aug 21 09:46:40 MDT 2007

[India needs further explosive testing only to
graduate from the Atom Bomb to Hydrogen Bomb - to
acquire the power to kill just not hundreds of
thousands but millions and millions.
The capacity yo produce fissile weapons, or Atom
Bombs, would in fact go up manifold as the
indigenously produced uranium would be freed up for
exclusively producing fissile material while imported
uranium would take care of power production in
"civillian" reactors.]


Exemption accord must not contain reference to
testing: M.R. Srinivasan 

Sandeep Dikshit 

Otherwise the civil nuclear deal will not be “able to
move forward” 

NEW DELHI: India would not like the exemption
agreement with the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) to
contain any reference to nuclear testing or the right
of return of equipment [in the eventuality of a test]
as otherwise the civil nuclear deal will not be “able
to move forward.”

“The U.S. has clearly assured us assistance in getting
the exemption from NSG that will end India’s isolation
from nuclear commerce. We do not want any reference to
any consequence of testing or any reference to right
of return of material. If these issues come up India
would not be able to move forward,” said Atomic Energy
Commission member M.R. Srinivasan told The Hindu.

Pointing out that while U.S. laws on the issue were
more stringent than those of other countries, Dr.
Srinivasan said he expected the latter procedure to be
reflected in the NSG India-specific safeguards. He
said Russia and France recognised the right to
reprocess and he did not expect it to be any
“emotional problem” while negotiating with the NSG. 

Dr. Srinivasan wanted the India-specific safeguards
with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to
be tailored around INFCRC/66, the facility specific
safeguards applicable to Tarapur and Koodankulam
plants besides some other reactors. Although the
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) signatory
countries have accepted full scope safeguards
patterned around INFCIRC/153, he felt both sides could
agree on an acceptable framework for a group of
facilities which was close to the existing
India-specific facility safeguards “after some

“If these two progress speedily enough and the U.S.
processes the clearance with the Congress, the doors
will be open for India to partner in international
commerce in nuclear technology,” he said. The former
AEC Chairman was here to participate in the meeting of
the National Security Advisory Board, which
deliberated earlier on the issue. In the immediate
future, he foresees talks with Russia to set up four
more reactors at Koodankulam and with France for a
reactor in Ratnagiri district (Maharashtra). The two
U.S. companies — GE and Westinghouse — too should not
be discounted from the field. 

In all, the Indian nuclear industry expects 12
imported reactors of 1,000 MW each to come up by 2020.
Besides, the confidence gained from setting up two 540
MW indigenous reactors at Tarapur would enable the
setting up of a dozen 700 MW heavy water reactors.
Together with the existing capacity of 7,000 MW, the
nuclear scientist expected the total capacity from
nuclear powered generation to touch 25,000 MW after 13
years. “My hope is that after another 10 years, India
should be able to double this capacity to 50,000 MW.
In the past we said the isolation gave us the
advantage to stand on our feet. That should not be a
virtue for all time to come. India will be able to
cooperate with other countries with a great measure of
confidence in both export and import of technology.”

Clustered on coast 

The imported reactors are likely to be clustered
around the coast because it would be difficult to move
the imported heavy machinery by road to the
hinterland. Of the first lot of indigenous 700 MW
reactors, the first four could be set up at the
existing sites in Kakrapara (Gujarat) and Kota
(Rajasthan). The sites at Narora (Uttar Pradesh) and
Kaiga (Karnataka) could also accommodate a few more
indigenous rectors. 

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