[Marxism] Indo-US Nuclear Deal and Israel

Sukla Sen suklasenp at yahoo.co.uk
Wed Aug 29 03:41:37 MDT 2007

[After Pakistan, it's Israel.
And a lot more clamours are expected in the days to



Now, Israel wants NSG rules changed

Amit Baruah, Hindustan Times

New Delhi, August 28, 2007
First Published: 20:15 IST(28/8/2007)
Last Updated: 21:06 IST(28/8/2007)

Israel is citing the Indo-US civil nuclear deal 
as a precedent to alter Nuclear Suppliers Group 
(NSG) rules to construct its first nuclear power 
plant at Shivta in the southern Negev desert.

According to Platts.com, a leading web portal 
that tracks energy issues, Israeli officials said 
earlier this month that they would be looking to 
a US vendor to supply the nuclear reactor.

Since 2005, Israel has pressed the US to request 
a trade sanctions exemption for Israel in tandem 
with the exemption for India. Analysts believe 
that Israel is fighting an uphill battle and is 
unlikely to receive support from key NSG members.

On July 27, US Under Secretary of State Nicholas 
Burns stressed that the US was not going to 
suggest a similar deal with any other country in 
the world other than India.

"We've always felt of India as an exceptionŠBut 
we're not anticipating, in any way, shape or 
form, a similar deal for any other country," 
Burns stated categorically in Washington.

On August 3, Israeli Infrastructures Minister 
Binyamin Ben-Eliezer was quoted as saying that in 
the next few months he would submit to the 
government a plan to build the nuclear power 
plant in Shivta.

"US and European officials said recently that 
they expect that Israel will continue to raise 
its request for a trade exemption with the US in 
2008 assuming that the 45-nation Nuclear 
Suppliers Group, NSG, lifts sanctions on India, 
and that the US-India nuclear cooperation 
agreement enters into force," Platts.com, on its 
part, said.

In "off-the-record" presentations to audiences in 
the US, senior current and former Israeli 
officials have continued to support a lifting of 
NSG sanctions, underlining Israel's need for 
energy and its lack of domestic energy sources.

"They argued that the NSG, rather than making an 
India-specific exception to its guidelines, 
should adopt a so-called criteria-based approach. 
Under such an approach, the NSG could agree to 
relax its export-control guidelines for non-NPT 
states that meet specified criteria."

According to the World Nuclear Association, 
Israel currently has a 5 MW research reactor at 
Nahal Soreq near Tel Aviv under IAEA safeguards 
and another 70 MW French-built heavy water 
reactor at Dimona in the Negev, which is 
reportedly used for military plutonium production.

Israel, like India and Pakistan, is not part of 
the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) regime.

o o o


August 22, 2007


Despite the high cost for construction - $3 
billion - and the time it will take to build, 
this option offers relatively clean and efficient 
energy production.
The main problem in a nuclear energy plant is the 
potential environmental hazards. A small country 
like Israel is unable to handle the radioactive 
waste of the plant, and surely cannot take a 
chance on a radiation leak, either due to 
technical reasons or sabotage. Unfortunately, 
coal burning power plants are still cheap, 
reliable and more efficient.


o o o


Israel Considers New Nuclear Plant
By VOA News
04 August 2007

An Israeli official says Israel is considering 
plans to build a nuclear power station in its 
southern Negev desert.

Israel Army Radio quoted Infrastructure Minister 
Binyamin Ben-Elizer as saying he has the support 
of Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and that the plan 
would be considered in coming months.

The construction of a nuclear power plant could 
draw renewed attention to what is widely believed 
to be Israel's nuclear weapons program. 
Following a policy that it calls "nuclear 
ambiguity," Israel has never admitted nor denied 
having a nuclear weapons program.

Some information for this report was provided by AP
and Reuters.

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