[Marxism] Indo-US Nuclear Deal: Grimmer Days Ahead

Sukla Sen suklasenp at yahoo.co.uk
Fri Oct 19 21:03:37 MDT 2007


http://in.news.yahoo.com/071019/48/6m6ex.html

Road ahead for deal gets rougher as Hillary outlines
policy, CTBT is back

By IE
Saturday October 20, 01:29 AM
While the nuclear deal gets delayed over unrelenting
Left opposition, the option of taking it forward with
the next US Administration is already looking
difficult. Hillary Clinton, frontrunner for the
Democrat presidential nomination, has made it clear
that she will revive the CTBT and push for its
ratification by the US Senate in 2009.

Spelling out her foreign policy vision in the
forthcoming issue of the journal Foreign Affairs,
Clinton writes that she will work towards reducing
nuclear arsenals in US and Russia and then goes on to
state: "I will also seek Senate approval of the
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty by 2009, the tenth
anniversary of the Senate's initial rejection of the
agreement."

According to her, this would "enhance" US credibility
when it asks other countries to give up testing. "As
president, I will support efforts to supplement the
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty."

With Clinton and Democrats leading all polls, CTBT is
all set to be back on the agenda which is bound to
make matters difficult for the nuclear deal. A Clinton
Administration will be keen on India renouncing
further testing and may link it to the nuclear deal if
it is still not operationalised, presenting a tough
political decision for any government here.

In contrast, US Under Secretary for Political Affairs
and principal interlocutor Nicholas Burns has, in an
article on strategic relations with India, written in
the same issue, calls for a more accommodative
approach towards New Delhi when it comes to
differences on foreign policy issues.

Critical of India's approach on the Burma crisis,
calling it "anachronistic", and asking India to be
"careful" about its relations with Iran, Burns goes on
to admit that differences will only grow in the near
future but feels Washington must not dither.

"For its part, the United States must adjust to a
friendship with India that will feature a wider margin
of disagreement than we are accustomed to - but a
friendship in which the extra effort will be made up
for by rich long-term rewards."

Clearly, for India to seal the nuclear deal under a
Democrat Administration led by Clinton will be another
longdrawn diplomatic effort unless all elements are
negotiated in the next year.

It was the CTBT which gave second thoughts to the
Vajpayee government when it came to moving forward
with Bill Clinton on nuclear issues.

Moreover, Clinton is keen to make China the focal
point of her foreign policy, much like her husband.
Describing US-China relations as the "most important
bilateral relationship in the world in this century",
she comes out in praise for Beijing's role in handling
the North Korea issue and outlines a vision for a
Northeast Asian Security Regime.

In other words, China will look to gain even though
Clinton says she will like to work for greater
cooperation between India, US, Japan and Australia as
part of her efforts at "strengthening alliances".

VISION CLINTON

•"Bring the troops back home" from Iraq, starting
within first 60 days of her assuming charge in 2009.

•Place CTBT before Democrat-controlled Senate for
ratification.

•China will be the most important relationship.

•Bring focus on Afghanistan in war against terror.
Greater role for UN.

•Give India an "augmented voice" in international
institutions and the UN.





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