[Marxism] The Kashmir issue and violence in the Indian subcontinent

Nasir Khan naskha3 at gmail.com
Wed Dec 10 11:59:50 MST 2008


The Kashmir issue and the violence in the Indian subcontinent

Nasir Khan

Almost the whole world has condemned the Mumbai attacks of November
2008. Such terrorism has also, once again, reminded us how important
it is to combat the forces of communalist terror and political
violence in the Indian subcontinent. But what is often ignored or
suppressed is the fact that there are deep underlying causes of the
malaise that erupts in the shape of such violent actions; the
unresolved Kashmir issue happens to be the one prime cause that
inflames the passions and anger of millions of people.
However,  to repeat the  mantra of "war  on terror" as the Bush
Administration  has done over the last  eight years  while  planning
and starting major wars of aggression  does not bring us one inch
closer to solving  the  problem of violence and terror in our region.
On the contrary, such short-sighted propaganda gimmicks are meant to
camouflage the wars of aggression and lay the ground for further
violence and bloodshed. The basic motive is to advance imperial
interests and domination. The so-called "war on terror" is no war
against terror; on the contrary, it has been the continuation of the
American imperial policy for its definite goals in the Middle East and
beyond. Obviously any serious effort to combat terror will necessarily
take into account the causes of terror, and not merely be content with
the visible symptoms.  The key question that  has kept India and
Pakistan on a dangerous course of confrontation since  1947, when the
British raj  came to an end  and as a last act of charity to their
subjects the imperial rulers  agreed to  divide India  along communal
lines that  was to prove a Pandora's  Box for the coming generations.
We had witnessed their double-dealings in the process when they gave
their blessings and patronage here and there and a lot of mischief
wherever possible especially while they drew the boundaries between
the two emerging countries. The recipients of favours reciprocated in
kind: the last viceroy Lord Mountbatten was made the first
Governor-General of Free India! This carefully crafted expedient
arrangement served its purpose well for one country at the cost of the
other.
At the time of partition, the princely State of Jammu and Kashmir was
ruled by the Hindu Dogra ruler, Maharaja Hari Singh who was the
great-grandson of Gulab Singh, to whom the British, under the terms of
the Treaty of Amritsar (1846) had sold the entire valley of Kashmir.
Because the overwhelming majority of Kashmir was Muslim, it was
thought that Kashmir will join the new state of Pakistan. When the
Kashmiris from what is known Azad Kashmir and the tribal fighters from
the North Western Frontier Province of Pakistan started guerilla
offensive on the state to bring pressure on Hari Singh to join
Pakistan, he asked Lord Mountbatten for help, who agreed to give
military help if the ruler joined India. Thus started the first war
between India and Pakistan that finally stopped in 1949 when the
newly-formed United Nations Organization arranged a ceasefire.  The
Line of Control was established that has remained the de facto
boundary between the Indian-controlled Kashmir and 'Azad' (Free) Jammu
and Kashmir (but called Pakistan-occupied Kashmir by the Indians).

Continued >> http://nasir-khan.blogspot.com/2008/12/kashmir-issue-and-violence-in-indian_10.html




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