[Marxism] Soliz Rada: Bolivia-Regroup the Patriotic Movement

Fred Feldman ffeldman at bellatlantic.net
Tue Jul 8 06:30:39 MDT 2008


This article, here in an English translation by Yoshie Furuhashi for MRZine,
was submitted earlier to the list in Spanish by Nestor.
I am appending the one comment by a reader to MRZine because it seems
relevant.
Fred Feldman


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http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/solizrada050708.html
Bolivia: Regroup the Patriotic Movement
by Andrés Soliz Rada 
The decree to nationalize hydrocarbons (1 May 2006), which enjoyed 95%
public approval, was the zenith of the Evo Morales government.  Now it has
lost the Chuquisaca Prefecture, by a narrow margin, but legally, which lets
the referendums that approved the autonomy statutes in Santa Cruz, Tarija,
Beni, and Pando camouflage their illegality.  It should be remembered that,
in politics, if we wish to advance, it is more important to criticize our
own errors than the errors of others.

The separatist schemes in Bolivia have escalated geometrically from the
arbitrary election of "governors," the outrageous creation of a virtual
parliament, which passes "laws" in Santa Cruz (published in its "legal
gazette"), to making it impossible for the President to visit the official
premises controlled by the opposition.  Meanwhile, the armed forces and the
police are unable to contain a creeping coup d'état through regional
autonomies which, step by step, are disintegrating the nation.

Unfortunately, the MAS, with NGO funding, gave the pretexts that their
adversaries needed.  Only an absolute myopia (or bad faith) explains why the
officialdom welcomed the proposal of Román Loayza, the head of the MAS
bench, to change the name of the country from Bolivia to Tawantinsuyo and
that of Plaza "Murillo" in La Paz to Plaza "Tupaj Katari."  Similarly,
Foreign Minister Choquehuanca couldn't resist warning that domestic workers,
Aymara and Quechua, could poison their employers, opponents of the regime.

The physical abuses committed by irregular groups against parliamentarians,
journalists, and opposition governors (who got their names attached to dogs
whose throats were slit in Achacachi) explain the present difficulties.
Such actions obscure the cruelty of oligarchic racists, who, on several
occasions, beat Quechuaymara Indians in Santa Cruz and stripped campesinos
naked in front of the "House of Liberty" in Sucre.  In short, the MAS,
instead of strengthening the alliance of mestizos and the indigenous against
oligarchs, isolated the indigenous by pitting them against mestizos and
agents of imperialism.

The government, abandoning the legal channel and tolerating corruption (not
judging, for example, frauds in road construction as serious), had to submit
itself to the illegalities of the opposition, since it approved a reckless
draft Constitution, which, recognizing 36 indigenous nations, divorced Evo
from middle strata.  Lending money from Bolivia's foreign exchange reserves
at 2%, only to receive loans at 8% from the very banks and entities that
benefit from that money, has demonstrated the fragility of the government's
anti-neoliberal convictions.  Likewise, sending troops to Haiti has put its
anti-imperialist rhetoric into question.

However, Vice President Álvaro García Linera, (who inspired the gaffes of
Loayza and Choquehuanca), recently made the correct decision to reconsider
the MAS's program of government, in which state capitalism regains its
status as the engine of the country's economy, replacing the unviable
politics of ethnic fragmentation.  Based on this program, which is an
expression of state capitalism, the government must put an end to the
plagues of corruption and indigenous exclusion that still exist and must
give effect to regional autonomies that bring the country together.
Consistent application of this program will prevent the dismemberment of
Bolivia.  Then, Evo could better face the recall referendum on the tenth of
August and, if that referendum doesn't come to pass, the early elections
that his opponents demand.


Andrés Soliz Rada is a former Minister of Hydrocarbons of Bolivia.  The
original article in Spanish was published in Rebanadas de Realidad on 5 July
2008.  Translation by Yoshie Furuhashi

Comments
Mr. Soliz makes no mention of the oligarchy's refusal to accept funding of
social programs with a percentage of revenues from oil and gas exports. That
is the bottomline of the secession movement, along with the will to maintain
ethnic supremacy and abuse of originary peoples.

Strange... this note by Soliz Rada is very strange. Sounds like it was
written for an audience that would be totally ignorant of what is happening
in Bolivia. 

Wake up Mr. Soliz! Everybody else in the Americas is doing so!

Sandra Rodriguez
San Juan, Puerto Rico
sarodgz at gmail.com
Sandra Rodriguez | Homepage | 07.06.08 - 2:51 pm | # 






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