[Marxism] Celia Hart: The FARC - today more than ever
walterlx at earthlink.net
Fri Jul 25 14:00:02 MDT 2008
As an editor, I am ultimately responsible for the materials which are
posted to CubaNews list, because for the most part it's moderted.
As most of its readers know, I do not necessarily agree with all of
what's posted, but materials for the information of the readership.
Since CubaNews began translating Celia Hart's many writings about
Cuba and other topics for the English-speaking public, it's important
that it be made clear that while I appreciate the voice she brings to
a number of subjects, I do not agree with everything she writes. I
believe that what Celia Hart has to say about Ingrid Betancourt here
is quite mistaken, and, for one, I'm delighted that Betancourt no
longer being held hostage in Colombia. It's no surprise that she
thanked those who got her out of captivity. Why wouldn't Betancourt
be grateful for her being rescued? Wouldn't anyone feel the same?
Something needs to be done to change the political equation in Colombia.
Fidel Castro's call for the FARC to release everyone in its holding is
one which could have that kind of effect, if it were done listened to.
Perhaps Anthony can tell us if it's had any impact. I would imagine his
call to release all the hostages was widely publicized. I would however
also imagine Fidel's call for the FARC to retain its weapons got rather
Personally, I've no solution to propose for the problems of Colombia as a
whole. They are long-standing, deep and can't be simply resolved, but
something certainly needs to be done to change the Colombian equation.
Let's see how the situation continues to evolve. Celia Hart's commentary
is far too long to post to Marxmail.
Los Angeles, California
p.s., The following news has just begun to hit the international media:
Colombian FARC Releases Eight Hostages
Bogota, Jul 24 (Prensa Latina) Eight hostages that the FARC
(Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) captured recently, while
sailing Atrato river, Choco Department, were released.
The Colombian Armys 15th Brigade said the group was handed in to the
Red Cross, which sailed through the river up to Bete Municipality,
from where the Army took them to their relatives in Quibdo.
The FARC just withheld the grown-up children of a court clerk of the
Colombian rebel group FARC releases 8 hostages
www.chinaview.cn 2008-07-25 10:16:21
BOGOTA, July 24 (Xinhua) -- The Revolutionary Armed Forces of
Colombia (FARC) has released eight people that were kidnapped two
weeks ago and handed them over to a branch of the International
Committee of the Red Cross(ICRC) in Choco state, the Colombian Army
The people were released "under the pressure made by the army in the
sector of Puerto Palacio," General Juan Rodriguez, commander of the
7th division of the army, said.
However, Victor Mosquera, civil defense director for the Choco state
in western Colombia, said FARC released these people "voluntarily."
The eight Afro-Colombians were kidnapped last week while traveling on
the country's northwestern jungle rivers.
An ICRC spokesperson said the release came after discreet dialogue
between the parties concerned and the ICRC will continue to work as a
This was the first such hostage handover since FARC, Colombia's
largest anti-government group, was tricked in a hostage-rescue
operation by the army on July 2 during which disguised Colombian
soldiers arrived at a FARC camp and told the guards that FARC's top
leader wanted to see the hostages.
The masqueraded army then took them all aboard a helicopter and
revealed their true identity. The freed included politician Ingrid
Betancourt, who has French-Colombian citizenship, and three U.S.
Editor: Jiang Yuxia
The FARC, today more than ever
By Celia Hart Santamaria
(For Kaosenlared) [18.07.2008 23:19]
A CubaNews translation.
Edited by Walter Lippmann.
>From: Walter Lippmann <walterlx at earthlink.net>
>Sent: Jul 25, 2008 3:44 PM
>To: CubaNews at yahoogroups.com
>Subject: [CubaNews] Celia Hart: The FARC - today more than ever
>As an editor, I am ultimately responsible for the materials which are
>posted to CubaNews. As most of you know, I do not necessarily agree
>with all of them, but provide them for the information of the list
>Since CubaNews began translating Celia Hart's many writings about
>Cuba and other topics for the English-speaking public, it's important
>that it be made clear that while I appreciate the voice she brings to
>a number of subjects, I do not agree with everything she writes. I
>believe that what Celia Hart has to say about Ingrid Betancourt here
>is quite mistaken, and, for one, I'm delighted that Betancourt no
>longer being held hostage in Colombia. It's no surprise that she
>thanked those who got her out of captivity. Why wouldn't Betancourt
>be grateful for her being rescued? Wouldn't anyone feel the same?
>Something needs to be done to change the political equation in Colombia.
>Fidel Castro's call for the FARC to release everyone in its holding is
>one which could have that kind of effect, if it were done listened to.
>Personally, I've no solution to propose for the problems of Colombia as a
>whole. They are long-standing, deep and can't be simply resolved, but
>something certainly needs to be done to change the Colombian equation.
>Let's see how the situation continues to evolve.
>Los Angeles, California
>p.s., The following news has just begun to hit the international media:
>Colombian FARC Releases Eight Hostages
>Bogota, Jul 24 (Prensa Latina) Eight hostages that the FARC
>(Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) captured recently, while
>sailing Atrato river, Choco Department, were released.
>The Colombian Armys 15th Brigade said the group was handed in to the
>Red Cross, which sailed through the river up to Bete Municipality,
>from where the Army took them to their relatives in Quibdo.
>The FARC just withheld the grown-up children of a court clerk of the
>Colombian rebel group FARC releases 8 hostages
>www.chinaview.cn 2008-07-25 10:16:21
>BOGOTA, July 24 (Xinhua) -- The Revolutionary Armed Forces of
>Colombia (FARC) has released eight people that were kidnapped two
>weeks ago and handed them over to a branch of the International
>Committee of the Red Cross(ICRC) in Choco state, the Colombian Army
>The people were released "under the pressure made by the army in the
>sector of Puerto Palacio," General Juan Rodriguez, commander of the
>7th division of the army, said.
>However, Victor Mosquera, civil defense director for the Choco state
>in western Colombia, said FARC released these people "voluntarily."
>The eight Afro-Colombians were kidnapped last week while traveling on
>the country's northwestern jungle rivers.
>An ICRC spokesperson said the release came after discreet dialogue
>between the parties concerned and the ICRC will continue to work as a
>This was the first such hostage handover since FARC, Colombia's
>largest anti-government group, was tricked in a hostage-rescue
>operation by the army on July 2 during which disguised Colombian
>soldiers arrived at a FARC camp and told the guards that FARC's top
>leader wanted to see the hostages.
>The masqueraded army then took them all aboard a helicopter and
>revealed their true identity. The freed included politician Ingrid
>Betancourt, who has French-Colombian citizenship, and three U.S.
>Editor: Jiang Yuxia
>The FARC, today more than ever
>With all my heart, I wish to celebrate our National Rebelliousness Day, my
>26th of July, with the guerrillas, trade unionists and fighters in general
>from beautiful Colombia.
>By Celia Hart Santamaria
>(For Kaosenlared) [18.07.2008 23:19]
>A CubaNews translation.
>Edited by Walter Lippmann.
>In revolution one wins or dies (if it is a real one)
>I. The ups and downs of history
>It will soon be the 55th anniversary of the attack on the Moncada Garrison
>on July 26, 1953, when by, force of arms which they could get only after a
>lot of unrepeatable sacrifices, a bunch of kids decided to storm tyrant
>Batistas second biggest garrison and one of imperialisms most outstanding
>strongholds in Our America.
>Neither the stories already known nor those yet to be told, nor the wildest
>imagination would suffice to detract from our amazement at so much courage,
>personal generosity and political maturity.
>And here we are, thanks to the integrity of those branded as crazy by the
>whole political spectrum of those days. There are the horrific images of
>torture and murder at a time when it seemed we would have to give everything
>up for lost, including that picture of two women who had to relinquish all
>their worldly goods as a result of that event, although they surely earned
>heaven in return.
>History tends to repeat itself, and thats not only one of its charms but
>also its main virtue: we can use it as a means of comparison, association
>and guidance. We keep its other face in our academies to make wise
>individuals out of us
which is also important, much as God thinks
>Todays left-wing reformists are definitely worthy of modern-day
>psychological studies. They cant understand us, worn as they are by so many
>liberal slogans and irrevocably tuned to the relative nature of events to
>justify almost anything and change ideas and speeches in a flash with a
>simple phrase like things were different then. Nicolò Machiavelli himself
>would be appalled by their babyish way of doing politics.
>That any historical analysis must be put into the right time and space
>context is beyond doubt, but never a revolutionary principle. Principles are
>If they only knew, those latter-day reformists, that Albert Einsteins
>Special Theory of Relativity is largely based on a constant the speed of
>light they would keep their mouths shut! Such constant, c = 300,000 km/s,
>stands as the cornerstone of the blessed theory. Therefore, since it depends
>on no system of reference, the speed of light is unchanging. And so is the
>consequence, immutable regardless of any reference.
>Nature and the heart always abide by the same laws.
>Thats why Id like with all my heart to share with the guerrillas, trade
>unionists and fighters in general from beautiful Colombia the celebration of
>my 26th of July, the National Rebelliousness Day when Cuban youths, guns in
>hand (and I mean GUNS IN HAND) honored José Martí.
>And I dont say it because they appear to be in the minority, even for a
>left-wing movement. Quite the opposite: Id do it because they have become
>the target of criticism by people we all respect very much. Id do it
>precisely in his name, the most respected of all
my Fidel, Fidel Castro,
>who spearheaded the Cuban Revolution, the most lasting and BEAUTIFUL in
>I celebrated this, my 26th of July, with the usually neglected names, be
>they in Colombian dungeons or Zionist prisons; even with those held hostage
>by the FARC, whom everybody seems to have forgotten today, in the aftermath
>of the rescued swallow that will never make a summer.
>Buried deep in the heart of the Empires most important springboard in our
>Americas epicenter, the oldest guerrilla force ever deserves a much
>stronger revolutionary commitment and more support from this watered-down
>left, even if, for purposes of the fiercest criticism, we can and must level
>at them!... but always from the same side of the fence rather than from the
>changing, dubious and ephemeral side of the already sorrowful, eroded
>II. My Commander and Pax Romana
>I wont repeat or discuss my Commander Fidels reflection on the FARC and
>its historical leaders (1). Not for fear; everybody knows that. Its just
>out of sheer grief. And my fingers feel no pain as they slide all over my
>keyboard. God knows I need and love Fidel so much, much more than I do the
>Sun and the firmament together...
>With his eight remarks (2), my comrade James Petras has already responded to
>Fidel. Although I disagree with him about a thing or two, nobody would dare
>lie through their teeth by branding James Petras as an enemy of the Cuban
>and the Latin American revolution. Hes stood by our side when the things
>have been tough, when many a pen rushed to condemn the decision we had to
>take in 2003 to send three hijackers to the firing squad. While the lefts
>ink hurled insults at us, Petras stood by us.
>I dissent from James Petrass view that the Colombian guerrilla has no
>bearing on the episodes experienced by the beautiful Cuban guerrilla headed
>by intellectuals like Fidel and Che. I disagree with him in that point,
>but his thorough appraisal is no less commendable because of that. On the
>contrary, it makes it stronger.
>Manuel Marulanda was an ignorant peasant no more than Fidel and Che were
>intellectuals playing with squirt guns. As guerrillas, all three were
>committed to the Revolution and tailored their fight to the specific
>realities of their milieux. Thats how far I will go into Fidels Pax Romana
>reflection and Petrass eight theses. Tears and confusion usually give bad
>advice, so Id better give time a minute if it ever wears a watch and wait
>to see whether the same attacks will be launched on someone like Tirofijo,
>recently deceased, for being the worlds oldest guerrilla and best
>revolutionary. If so, we would have to study Fidels reflections a thousand
>times over and read between the lines, for Id like to think, and above all,
>believe and more than believe, feel that theyre about something more than
>just mere criticism of the FARC and Marulanda.
>No matter how compelling reason may be, I wont admit that there are affairs
>of state involved, as any logic along those lines will come up against the
>interests of a Revolution that Fidel has enthroned for good.
>José Martí said:
>That is why in America the imported book has been conquered by the natural
>man. Natural men have conquered learned and artificial men. The native
>half-breed has conquered the exotic Creole. The struggle is not between
>civilization and barbarity, but between false erudition and Nature. (3)
>And thats what Marulanda was: a natural man of Our America.
>III. The American Union is impossible if the enemy is involved
>Whether or not he or his brand-new Defense Minister or his wife or his cats
>are reelected, Álvaro Uribe is a fascist, and the Colombian government is a
>murderous government unworthy of being called friendly or brotherly, as my
>brother Chávez told him (4). Uribe cant be a contributor or anything like
>that, and has to be excluded on principle from the Latin American Union.
>Having a Latin American Union with self-confessed traitors in our ranks
>would be at best naïve, and a slip-up none of our good dead would ever
>Lets read again about what José Martí called Our America! Again, America is
>not just a regional project. I insist, because its on behalf of our
>supposed unity that many reformists pretend to sell us all those despicable
>worms, including Uribe, his aristocrat ministers and one Ingrid Betancourt.
>So there goes José Martí again:
>Only those born prematurely are lacking in courage. Those without faith in
>their country are seven-month weaklings. Because they have no courage, they
>deny it to the others (
). The ships should be loaded with those harmful
>insects that gnaw at the bone of the country that nourishes them. If they
>are Parisians or from Madrid, let them go to the streetlamp-lined Prado, to
>boast around, or to Tortonis, in high hats (
). These sons of our America,
>which will be saved by its Indians in blood and is growing better; these
>deserters who take up arms in the army of a North America that drowns its
>Indians in blood and is growing worse!. (3)
>Ingrid Betancourt will never go beyond her manicures, forever confined to
>colorful magazines or TV programs teeming with stupid details.
>Pascual Serrano said it loud and clear: Betancourt and her family have not
>betrayed anybody. Theyre just back in the social, political and economic
>class where they always belonged: Colombias wealthy neoliberal bourgeoisie
>However, we can teach Ingrid Betancourt, the new media princess of this
>eerie summer provided she doesnt faint on us or gets one of her nails
>chipped what Latin American fascism did to tens of thousands of innocent
>women who were raped, tortured and thrown off to the sea from helicopters in
>an effort to make them say things they never really knew. We can teach her
>about babies kidnapped by the killers of her real parents, and about Plan
>Condor, which gave her brave president a power niche in this continent
>and keeps stretching his mandate.
>I dont care what people say: measured against such horrors, Princess
>Ingrids stay in the Colombian jungle can be compared to a sojourn in a
>And its not something of the past. All that suffering is still endured
>today by Palestinian, Afghan and Iraqi women. And even at Guantánamo Bay,
>here in my own land! Suffice it to read Alejandro Ruizs heartfelt words.
>Tel Avivs Mossad, whose advisors helped Uribe so much, knows very well
>about treating female hostages.
>Ingrid enjoys perfect health, as evidenced by the images of her kissing and
>hugging the worst heads of state in the world.
>So much determination to save this princes should, or better yet, can have
>an important logistical influence on any plan to rescue the Mexican women
>who are murdered in Ciudad Juárez and Atenco, prevent any more innocent
>little girls in Palestina from being torn apart by Zionist bombs, or at
>least help us punish those responsible for these and many other crimes
>Well, judging by the way things are going in this mad world, it would be
>harldy surprising if the girls were blamed for not doing their homework
>IV. To Hugo Chávez
>May no one doubt my love, respect and admiration for the president of
>Bolivarian Venezuela. There are plenty of my writings out there in support
>of his project, for which Id be willing to give my life.
>But thats not enough. Honesty is one of the Revolutions weapons,
>especially because its endorsed by commitment. I followed Chávezs lead
>when I lacked Fidels voice that horrible July 31, 2006. And what does
>Chávez tell us now? That Uribes captives are better off than FARCs
>hostages (4) because they can be visited. Is that the only reason?
>In that case I can tell my Bolivarian comrade that I know a couple of
>innocent Cubans, René and Gerardo two of our Cuban Five who cant be
>visited by their wives Olga and Adriana because they tried to prevent
>kidnappings, illegal trade in immigrants and other actions aimed at
>decimating a small people.
>They and the other three comrades were kidnapped by the U.S. ten years ago.
>Yes, kidnapped, just like Ingrid Betancourt was, only much worse! And I
>regret that the Colombian army wont help me release them from that steel
>jungle. In the meantime, they know nothing about their wives. Adriana went
>through vile humiliations for hours in the U.S. before she was forced to fly
>back to Cuba without even knowing how many hairs his joyful, optimistic
>husband had lost ever since he was imprisoned. Young and healthy, shes one
>of the most beautiful women Ive ever met, perhaps bound to die childless,
>unlike Ingrid Betancourt.
>Weve also overlooked two details owing to this bout of collective amnesia:
>a) FARCs unilateral decision to release two women, and b) the Continents
>top genocidal government sequestered Clara Rojass little Enmanuel, a child
>born in the jungle. Whether he was conceived as a result of rape or an act
>of love under the stars, we dont know. Clara is yet to make clear whether
>she was mistreated or doted upon by a FARC member who deserved to father the
>boy. Be that as it may, this story of love or lack thereof is worthy of a
>movie script better than the one about Ingrid Betancourts alleged
>V. Ingrid gets rid of us
and we her
>Ingrid is free, and Im glad for her, her family and, most of all, her
>child. Even more so now that we and the FARC comrades are also rid of the
>However, theres a whole population sequestered in Colombia that nobody is
>trying to rescue. I refuse to accept, if only because the 26th of July is
>drawing near, that the price of the fatigues that the FARC and ELN wear and
>that of my red and black banner be charged on that population.
>Lets rearm, then, for war.
>Following the military disaster that the attack to the Moncada garrison was,
>Cubans restructured our war doctrine. Yes, its called war. There will be
>war as long as theres injustice and murders at large. Thats something that
>even my eleven-year-old son understands.
>My uncle Enrique Hart died trying to activate a bomb in 1958. Its true
>that, owing to Cubas specific circumstances then, so-called terrorism
>harmed no innocent person, only the revolutionary fighters themselves,
>including my own uncle. Still, those irregular methods of struggle were
>never relinquished, and if anyone says otherwise lets hear them! On that
>point I second James Petras 100% percent: a revolution is not made with
>roses. Roses are for love, if ever we have any time left for love and
>growing roses in the midst of so much disaster.
>If its true that guerrilla warfare is what fuels the Empires arrogance,
>whose fault is it then that the Palestinians and Iraqis are suffering? Which
>guerrillas? Were we to pay heed to arguments about why we should dislike
>them, whose fault is it that the world is going to pieces? Is it ours? Are
>the revolutionaries to be blamed for the climate change, the rise in fuel
>prices and the merciless killing of polar bears and thousands of living
>species? And this is only by transitive law.
>But Fidel Castro my Fidel said once in front of a crowd gathered in
>Havana: Do away with the philosophy of plunder and you will have done away
>with the philosophy of war. (7)
>Plunder is what the Colombian people are enduring. Plunder is what were all
>enduring. Even our own conscience is being plundered.
>Ingrid, the princess of this weird summer, said that Uribe is a great
>Once snatched out of FARCs ferocious clutches, begging for mercy on the
>hundreds of prisoners held in her own country or the U.S. and calling the
>army to account for so many dead Colombians instead of congratulating them
>so much is the least she could have. So much so when we know her rescuing
>didnt really take place as they say
>Unfortunately, the media have become weapons of mass destruction which
>enthrall us with their excellent making, images and words.
>VI. Che and Rafael Correa
>As I said from the start, history is like sea waves: they go up and down.
>Smart fishermen know it only too well, so they wait for the right time to
>stretch their drift nets.
>Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa, for whom all men and women especially
>us WOMEN would be capable of mopping the sky with a single pail of water
>said: They know who provides the best support and the best bases to Uribe:
>the FARC, whose foolish acts make him all the more popular (8). Is Uribes
>popular thanks to the FARC??? Who would believe it!!! If thats so, he
>should pay the guerrilla group a share of what he gets through dubious
>I dont believe that anymore than I believe last Marchs raid, where
>civilians were wounded and a number of guerrillas and an Ecuadorian peasant
>were shot at point-blank range, is the result of FARCs existence.
>Rafael Correa was very much to the point in the OAS Assembly last March when
>he rebuffed the war on terror as a justification for the foray into Ecuador.
>If theres anything captivating about Correa is that he sails under no
>political flag to stand for his principles, defend his country and face up
>to the Empire.
>But when it comes to our summertime princess, he charmed no one. How great
>that [Betancourt] has been freed, and how bad has the FARC looked! (8).
>Ingrid, however, rooted for and commended the Colombian army for the March
>1st raid, tagged by Correa himself as one of the worst actions ever
>conducted in America.
>The ex-hostage condoned the shame, disrespect and larceny committed in
>Rafael Correas land.
>Yet, that was not the Ecuadorian presidents biggest mistake. He put his
>foot in his mouth deep enough to outmatch Hugo Chávez!
>Rafael Correa resorted to the most unsuitable Saint to disqualify the
>guerrilla, a Saint you can hardly mention unless youre carrying a rifle on
>your shoulder or shedding a tear over your helpless inability to follow his
>lead. Therefore, he mentioned Che Guevara in vain. You dont do that, much
>less to lash against a guerrilla force in Latin America, with or without
>As a Christian, Correa is well aware that thou shalt not take the Lords
>name in vain. And Che Guevara is the revolutionarys God
if we had one.
>Lets see then what He, Che, said: The capture of power is the unique
>strategic possible aim of the revolutionary forces, and everything must be
>bound by that premise. (9)
>Thats what the FARC and the ELN are trying to do. Its all about seizing
>power, and not only the government, my friends. Being in government is
>merely the first step
provided that accomplishment can be called a step.
>Our Rafael Correa should not and cannot believe that Uribe draws his
>strength from FARCs terrorist leanings. What makes him strong is the
>presence of imperialisms IV Fleet off the Caribbean coasts and the fact
>that we the revolutionaries seem to be running out of choices, now that even
>Fidel frowns on the use of force.
>Last March we stood by Correa and his sound principles against a deceiving
>Alvaro Uribe, who keeps lying. We all loved to see the Ecuadorian economist
>taking the presidential chair of his country. How come he invokes Che
>against the FARC? Ive already pointed out my objection to taking hostages,
>but theres a big difference between that and using Che to put them to
>Rafael Correa has used Ches Saint Name in vain. And there you have, even
>Ingrid the summertime princess rubber-stamps what the pharisaical Colombian
>brass did against Manuelita Sáenzs land
>Now that was a real princess, made of a mold you never find around anymore,
>who knew how to warn Bolívar against Santander. Manuelita, the liberator of
>America, died in poverty, forgotten by everyone and rescued by none except
and in the end, only Che
>Now that were discussing America, we must ask ourselves the standard
>question: what tactical elements should be implemented to accomplish the
>great aim of capturing power socialist power, needless to say in this part
>of the world? Is it at all possible to do it by peaceful means in our
>continents present circumstances?
>Our categorical answer is: impossible in most cases. At best, we would
>formally get hold of the bourgeois power superstructure, and the transition
>to socialism by a government who assumes formal power under bourgeois laws
>must take place through a very violent offensive against anyone who tries
>one way or another to stop its advance towards new social structures. (9)
>Take your pick: elections, armed struggle, strikes or love poems.
>But how do we defeat them? You see, we will have to defeat them eventually
>if we truly want to save the Earth, polar bears, pandas and whales
>alone this forgotten human species, slowly dying day by day by its own hands
>and ideas in a sort of cruel collective suicide attempt.
>God willing, the war will go on, because the philosophy of plunder will
>continue and bring with it, as my Commander Fidel said, the philosophy of
>All ways are welcome when the ultimate goal is to do away with those who
>kill the worlds children, pets, bees and water sources while they whoop it
>up for the liberation of one, just one victim who, incidentally, is among
>the least damaged in the world.
>Its your call! I only have one word, even at the risk of disagreeing with
>our best men: Revolution.
>What about yours?
>Thanks to the FARC and ELN and all those who fight to keep these hopes
>alive, as they make me and the whole world live.
>(1) Fidel Castro, La paz romana, Rebelión, 6 de julio de 2008.
>(2) James Petras, Fidel y las FARC, Rebelión, 12 de julio de 2008.
>(3) José Martí, Nuestra América, Revista Ilustrada de Nueva York, 30 de
>enero de 1891 (Obras escogidas; tomo II, Editora Política, La Habana, 1979,
>(4) Hugo Chávez, Chávez a las FARC: La guerra de guerrillas pasó a la
>historia; es hora de liberar a todos los rehenes, Telesur, 10 de junio de
>(5) Pascual Serrano, La traición de Ingrid, Rebelión, 5 de julio de 2008.
>(6) Alejandro Ruiz, Ingrid no pasea por Guantánamo, Blog Venezuela
>Cantaclaro, 13 de julio de 2008.
>(7) Fidel Castros Speech in the United Nations, New York, 1959.
>(8) Rafael Correa, Declaraciones, Resumen Latinoamericano, 5 de julio de
>(9) Ernesto Guevara, Táctica y Estrategia de la Revolución Latinoamericana
>(octubre- noviembre de 1962), published in Verde Olivo magazine on October
>Los Angeles, California
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