[Marxism] RIDING TO THE AID OF JENGHIZ KHAN
lnp3 at panix.com
Sun Jun 8 14:11:10 MDT 2008
RIDING TO THE AID OF JENGHIZ KHAN
[Hunter Gray / Hunter Bear]
I'm coming to the side of Jenghiz [Genghis or Genghiz] Khan. I'm
riding hot and hard -- tied feathers waving from my rifle.
Provocatively. [And this is international in nature.]
I've been -- and it seems to me increasingly -- seeing weird
comparisons between Jenghiz Khan and Hitler. In a word, I dispute all
of this: diametrically, sharply -- right into the bone marrow. My
first substantial college paper, as a freshman, was a 43 page
[double-spaced] tribute to the Great Organizer and Strategist --
whose example, even now, stirs my blood and soul.
Not long ago, the Jenghiz Khan/Adolph Hitler issue arose on a far-off
discussion list -- one of whose members asked me to contribute via
him my thoughts. Here, just for the hell of it, are those thoughts --
followed by excerpts of my response to an especially thoughtful
question that then arose:
Jenghiz Khan et al. have frequently gotten a raw deal from history --
and to compare the Mongol leader with Hitler is flagrantly and
cruelly denigrating to Jenghiz. I'll say a quick, corrective word on
behalf of our cousins in the Gobi. As I outline the matter, the Grand
Canyon of differences vis-a-vis Hitler / Nazism will be quite obvious.
Mongol social organization was classically and nomadically tribal
[and tribalism is still a major component of the social scenery in
Mongolia.] Among other things, this involves a cohesive network of
kinship relationships, essentially democratic and egalitarian with
communalistic dimensions -- and, traditionally, characterized by a
hereditary [life] chief system. Jenghiz Khan [1162 - 1227],
originally named Temujin or Temuchin, unified the related tribes in
the Lake Baikal and general Mongolian region into what was
essentially a confederated One Big Tribe encompassing all of the
foregoing tribal characteristics -- and one which remained very
democratic with himself as the leading chief. None of this was, I
reiterate, a totalitarian or even authoritarian structure in any
sense -- and, as a traditional tribal chief, Jenghiz was certainly
not a dictator.
In a series of extraordinary military and political moves --
motivated by adventure and booty / tribute -- he and his descendant
successors conquered China and environs, much of the northern Middle
East, western Siberia, all of Russia -- and moved very deeply into
Europe. They would have conquered all of Europe had Ogadai [Ogdai]
Khan, then key chief, not died [1241.] Mongol tribal law required
that all of Jenghiz's descendants return to Mongolia to pick the next
chieftain. At that point the conquest -- then under the military
leadership of Jenghiz's grandson, Batu -- stopped and the Mongols
withdrew into Russia which, as the Golden Horde, they then held for
more than three hundred years.
In the course of the Conquest, the Mongol leaders could be ruthless.
If a jurisdiction did not heed their order to surrender, large
numbers of the inhabitants were slain. If, on the other hand, the
target surrendered, the people were well treated with virtually no
changes in their life-style. The emergent Mongol "empire" was
anything except totalitarian -- pervasive or otherwise: it imposed no
Mongol culture -- including no religion, entertained no ideology of
any kind, left the conquered people pretty much alone -- but it did
systematically tax. And, in return, it provided protection for all of
the people against any intruders.
Frankly, in a word, if the taxes were paid, no sweat.
The Mongols killed no one because of their race or ethnicity. In
fact, the Mongols intermarried legally and freely and far and wide
with those whom they conquered.
The vast Mongol "empire," never rooted in anything except traditional
nomadic tribalism, eventually -- as was the case with the much
smaller Toltec Empire of Meso-America [whose capital, Tula, was
physically bigger than Rome] -- gradually returned to the old
traditional tribalism as the Mongols [and Toltecs], perhaps sensing
they were losing the traditional wild free life of the mountains and
canyons and plains, went, as we Native people sometimes put it, "back
to the blanket."
Hunter Gray [Hunterbear]
More information about the Marxism