[Marxism] Cubans see hope for change in Obama - Sent UsingGoogle Toolbar
ssschwartz8 at gmail.com
Mon Jun 16 13:42:27 MDT 2008
2008/6/16, David Picón Álvarez <david at miradoiro.com>:
> From: "yossi schwartz" <ssschwartz8 at gmail.com>
> > The Cuban revolution of 1959 was not a workers revolution and only the
> > working class can liberate itself by overthrowing the capitalist state
> > replace it with a workers state-a transition to a socialist society. The
> > Cuban revolution was a bourgeois democratic revolution that solved partly
> > the task of the democratic revolution. These reforms are now under
> Oh, really? The Cuban revolution had a bourgeois character? I'm really
> curious then, to know where the attributes of the bourgeois state are in
> Cuba. We could start from that minor point of a capitalist bourgeois state,
> like the bourgeoisie! Where are the private owners of capital, of the means
> of production, in Cuba? Clearly the Cuban capitalists who got expropriated
> by the revolution disagree with the assessment that it was a bourgeois
> revolution. How about other characteristics of a bourgeois state, like a
> nominally democratic multi-party system? Strong legal protections for
> private property in particular in the sphere of the means of production?
> Free enterprise? An economy based firmly on surplus value extraction,
> profit-driven and grounded on the law of value? The elimination of the
> obstacles to a market-based system under which workers can be freely hired
> and fired by capitalist firms? I'm looking forward to be enlightened on
> these points.
The state of Cuba like China, was a result of a revolution. but the
revolution was not proletarian in its leadership and the means of struggle
and was led not by a proletarian revolutionary party but by a faction of
the middle-class intelligentsia..
At the time of the Cuban revolution the middle-class leadership was
As a matte of fact in his first visit to the US after the revolution Castro
denounced the Stalinists.
The unification with the Stalinist party in the middle 1960s served to
control the working class. At the same the middle class in power made
concessions to the working class. However, these gains have been
significantly eroded over the course of nearly half a century of Stalinist
The "planned economy. In Cuba is a myth, contrary to Castro's apologists.
Cuba has never established an overall economic plan but rather a series of
mini-plans in different s industries in an ad hoc fashion. There has never
been a monopoly of foreign trade, which is a necessary condition for a
planned economy. Various state-owned enterprises in "non-strategic"
industries are able to make their own deals for foreign trade. since the
collapse of the Soviet Union, Cuba has seen the expansion of the tourist
industry, the establishment of joint ventures with various imperialist and
other foreign-owned corporations ( In particular Canadian and Spanish, but
also from Mexico, Brazil, Venezuela). While this industry brings dollars it
has devastating effects..
The very low level of wages in Cuba allows the government to mask
unemployment through underemployment. labor force in Cuba is less than 5
million. The cost of labor is about US$556 million at the official exchange
rate. Cuba's nominal GDP is US$39 billion, this means that workers' basic
wages account for less than 2 percent of the economy.
When you compare these figures with Argentina you discover that the labor
force average monthly salary is about 200 dollars a month. The GDP (2006):
$608.8 billion. The labor force is around 16 millions. Thus the salaries
amount to 16,000,000X $2400 is about 35% of the economy.
Of course Cuba is a poor Island and sugar and tourism can not be a
foundation of a developed economy. Cuba has many god doctors and good
program for eradication of illiteracy but finding medications is hard to
Thus the exploitation of the Cuban working class is very high in particular
since the composition of capital is low, labor is intensive and there are no
independent democratic trade unions. The middle class that control the
state is not simply a bureaucracy but a ruling class and Cuba is following
the food steps of China.
Of course we have to defend Cuba against imperialism. To demand the removal
of the sanctions bur we have to tell the truth. Cuba is not socialism nor a
workers state in any form or shape. As I wrote before Israel until at least
was considered a socialist society because most economy was nationalized.
But it was never any thing but a capitalist state. During second world war
British imperialism nationalized many industries this did not make it a a
Marx and Engles already wrote that the tendency of capitalism is to become
one capital and possible under one state. The imperialists try their best not
to move any more to full concentration and accumulation of capital because
of their fear of the working class and as Lenin already explained the long
before it will happen the working class will take power.
However, the mistake that most people who believe that nationalized
economy=socialism is because they confuse the form of property with the
relationship of production. The working class in Cuba is exploited by the
ruling class that control the state. Now the begin to move to privatization.
We saw it in the former USSR, East Europe, China and Vietnam.
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