[Marxism] Reflections by Fidel: The Start of the Summit

Fred Feldman ffeldman at bellatlantic.net
Fri Apr 3 20:00:20 MDT 2009


Given the many criticisms that Fidel, Raul, and other Cuban leaders make of
Obama's stance and policies, Fidel's assessment of the significance of his
election is very calm and balanced and correctly positive, in my opinion.
Fred Feldman 


Reflections by Comrade Fidel
http://www.cuba.cu/gobierno/reflexiones/2009/ing/f020409i.html

THE START OF THE SUMMIT

Today the G-20 Summit began. The experts in economic matters have made an
enormous effort. Some, with experience in important international positions;
others, as learned researchers. The subject is a complex one, the language
is new and demands that we be familiar with the terms, the economic facts,
the international agencies and the political leaders who have the greatest
weight on the international scene. Therefore, our desire to simplify and to
explain intelligibly what is happening in London, just as I see it.

Nobody was surprised that Obama was the star of the London summit. 
He represents the most powerful and wealthiest country in the world. 
He is favored by special circumstances. Bush, lying, cynical, war-mongering
and nasty, is not there. Neither is McCain, mediocre and ignorant, thanks
precisely to Obama’s amazing victory, a black man in the country of racial
discrimination, where a majority of white voters cast their ballots for
McCain, but not in enough numbers to compensate for the votes of more than
90% of black and mixed race Americans, citizens of Latino origin, the poor
and those affected by the crisis. He has just been elected when other G-20
leaders are at the point of concluding their mandates and Obama will be the
probable president of the United States for the next eight years. It isn’t
strange that news from London revolve around him.

What the world deems important is what comes out of it there, that is, if
anything comes out at all. Each one of the participants has their own
national and even personal objectives, as political leaders who shall be
judged by history.

Obama’s objective is, in the first place, to change the image of his
country, the principal responsible party for the tragedy from which the
world is suffering and the party being rightly blamed for the current
devastating economic crisis, in which he has absolutely no political
responsibility. As Joseph Stiglitz, the former economic head of the
International Monetary Fund and now MIT professor, points
out: “He ought to come to say that he is guilty of nothing and that he is
trying to solve it as quickly as he can.”

His main European ally, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, is the Summit
host, wildly hoping to alter the current anti-Labor Party tendency unleashed
by the nonsense of his predecessor Tony Blair.
Buckingham Palace honored Obama and his wife Michelle with a reception. The
president gave the elderly Queen a modern digital recorder, product of
sophisticated American technology, an Ipod with songs and images of the
Queen’s state visit to the U.S. in 2007 and a book with musical scores
signed by Richard Rogers. No words were to be exchanged with Her Highness
about the mundane G-20 meeting.

Brown, on the other hand, is pulling out all stops with the crisis.
He hopes to change the regulation of the banking system, promote economic
growth, increase cooperation and put an end to protectionism. He recognizes
that the negotiations will be difficult.

His motto: “It is better to look ahead than to look back”. Clearly if the
voters were to look back, he would win very few votes.

The desire of both allies in the heart of the G-20 is to minimize the
differences between France and Germany.

Sarkozy doesn’t hide his displeasure with United States policy. He is
explosive. He recently threatened to walk out of the summit.
Yesterday, on Europe 1 Radio, he declared that for now there is no
satisfactory agreement about the Summit, but he did soften his threats to
leave the table if there is no move towards greater
regulation: “I will not be associated with a Summit that doesn’t end with
greater regulations.” He assures that the negotiators have not reached any
agreement.

The draft of the Summit’s communiqué, already making the rounds among
journalists, speaks of measures to reestablish global growth, keep markets
open and encourage global trade. “We must get results, there is no choice,”
Sarkozy insisted yesterday.

A few days ago Obama announced that the United States proposes to introduce
changes in its system of regulation and supervision, in the hope that this
declaration would fulfill a part of the European demands, snatching away one
of those flags.

Sarkozy rejoined that his endeavor to put an end to tax havens is serious.

Very close to Sarkozy’s positions, Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor,
demands that the agreement not include either the requirement of a tax
stimulus plan for the advanced countries, or that debate be opened up about
the announcement of a new international currency which is the emerging
countries’ demand to the G-7.

“The world is at a crossroads,” Merkel said. “We must do everything possible
so that the crisis is not repeated.”

“We have to go further than what was discussed in Washington,” and she added
that everything agreed to in London must come with a guarantee that it will
be applied. “There must not be one single place, or one single product or
one single institution without supervision and transparency.”

Merkel revealed herself to be on the side of increasing International
Monetary Fund funding and stepping up aid to developing countries which are
essentially suffering from the impact of the crisis.

Increasing IMF resources already appears to be a reality. The president of
Mexico said when he arrived in London that he is negotiating a line of
credit with the IMF for 26 billion euros.
Yesterday in London John Lipsky, the number-two man in the International
Monetary Fund, informed that the IMF would provide Mexico with a line of
credit for 47 billion dollars in order to guarantee the availability of cash
flow in case the market situation worsens because of the crisis. The figure
is larger than that requested by Mexico.

As in the IMF, the United States has the majority of shares, without its
support such a credit would not be possible and so this underpins Obama’s
influence at the London Summit.

The news cables were announcing that Obama would be meeting with Dimitri
Medvédev and Hu Jintao, the presidents of Russia and China, to talk about
the tricky problems facing both countries with the United States.

In the superpower’s bilateral encounters with the two great powers, economic
problems will surely be tackled, or perhaps agreements that have been
patiently discussed and approved through their diplomatic representatives
will be announced.

Today, April 2nd, I read a long and detailed dispatch from the Xinhua News
Agency, dated the 1st, reporting that “President Hu Jintao of China and
President Barack Obama of the United States agreed today that their
respective countries will work together to build a positive, cooperative and
full relationship in the 21st century.”

“Furthermore, the presidents decided to establish the bilateral mechanism of
Strategic and Economic Dialogues.”

“The new commitment, assumed by both heads of state during their meeting in
London, will outline the direction and provide a major boost to sustained,
solid and stable development of relations between the two nations.”

“The relationship between China and the United States continues to be one of
the most important bilateral relationships in the world in the 21st century,
one in which humankind faces enormous opportunities and challenges. In the
new era, the two nations have important responsibilities in regards to world
peace, stability and development and they also share wide interests.”

“The two parties ought to maintain the rhythm of the times and always
conduct the bilateral ties from a strategic, long-range perspective.”

“They must respect and take into consideration the fundamental interests of
the other party and take advantage of opportunities, just as they must work
together to face up to the challenges of the century.”

“Establishing the China-USA Strategic and Economic Dialogues Mechanism is an
important step to promote the bilateral relationship to an even greater
extent. Thus, the earlier strategic dialogue between the two countries has
been raised to a new level.”

“At a time when the international financial crisis continues to spread, the
two nations must support one another and work together to weather the storm,
and this will favor the primary mutual interests of China and the United
States”.

“China and the United States should not only improve the exchanges and
cooperation in areas such as the economy, the fight against terrorism,
proliferation, transnational crime, climate change, energy and the
environment, but they must also strengthen communication and coordination in
regional and world issues.”

Such an agreement cannot be discussed in a 60-minute meeting. It was already
drawn up in all its details.

China, whose allies today on the Asian continent invaded and plundered it a
mere seven decades ago, is now moving forward to a top position in the world
economy.

It is the United States’ prime creditor and calmly discusses with the
president of that powerful country the rules that will govern relations
between two nations in a world fraught with risks.

Perhaps the Xinhua dispatch transmits one of the most important news related
to the G-20 Summit.

Today it began and concluded as I was writing these lines! Amazing!

Fidel Castro Ruz

April 2, 2009

3:07 p.m.


=========================================
     WALTER LIPPMANN
     Los Angeles, California
     Editor-in-Chief, CubaNews
     http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CubaNews/
     "Cuba - Un Paraíso bajo el bloqueo"
=========================================






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