[Marxism] meaning of labor time in Capital
Waistline2 at aol.com
Waistline2 at aol.com
Sat Apr 18 00:13:57 MDT 2009
In a message dated 4/17/2009 7:27:13 P.M. Eastern Daylight Time,
kloro2006 at gmail.com writes:
>> I am having trouble with Marx's discussion of labor and the exchange
value of commodities, in the section of Capital Vol. 1 titled "The
Two Factors of a Commodity: Use-Value and Value.<<
1). value or exchange value - in commodities, is the socially necessary
amount of time in them. Use value is the utility of a commodity. Nothing
without a use can enter the field of commodity exchange, because no one would
>> Specifically, I do not understand what he means by 'homogeneous human
2). Marx premise is that all human labor, no matter what its specific
quality or duration has the commonality that is the labor of homo-sapein sapien.
This "humanness" is the quality that renders labor homogeneous or as it is
called "abstract human labor" or "human labor in the abstract."
When one closes their eyes to the specific laboring involved in specific
kinds and form of laboring, or abstract labors qualitative signature, we are
left with a "glob" of homogenous labor, which is in turn globs of value.
>> Surely he does not hold that the duration of the labor of a skilled
the same as for an unskilled worker.<<
3). Duration as a measure of expenditure - of the human organism, is all
the same. Skilled labor is compensation - paid a wage, for the time -
duration, in acquiring the skill, which becomes part of the real medium - conduit,
for embedding the commodity with its value content.
>> Instead, he seems to propose a kind of universal labor ('homogeneous
human labour'), but to me he is
not at all clear on what this universal labor amounts to.<<
4). Again time in its narrow, skilled, unskilled and historical meaning of
For example, how would he measure the amount of this kind of labor in a
5). Time again. An hour of socially necessary labor is an hour of socially
necessary labor. The wages paid for an hour of socially necessary labor
varies from industry to industry and job to job, but an hour of socially
necessary labor is the same.
Hopefully this does not cause confusion for anyone other than myself. .
**************Check all of your email inboxes from anywhere on the web.
Try the new Email Toolbar now!
More information about the Marxism