[Marxism] The struggle at NYU continues
lnp3 at panix.com
Wed Apr 22 06:56:14 MDT 2009
Chronicle of Higher Education, April 22, 2009
Bush Gone, NYU Scrambles to Escape Anticipated NLRB Ruling
By Marc Bosquet
During a break from writing a column or blogging, you imagine that
you’re going to return with a magisterial survey of all the events that
transpired while you were away. Instead, of course, you are just plunged
right back into the fray. Thirty interviews recorded but not edited; a
dozen interviews promised but not done. Not to mention book reviews,
self-indulgent columns about your offspring, and the never-ending
fountain of administrator outrages demanding immediate attention:
cancelled sabbaticals, slashed pay for faculty serving contingently,
prison labor on campus, and pleas for federal money to erect more
monuments to administrator vanity. I’ll get to all of these promises and
topics in time. (Thanks to the intrepid John Protevi for the prison
labor tip: more on that ASAP.)
While I was on the road, I heard from NYU students and faculty about the
administration’s plan to restructure graduate education in response to
the appointments of Liebman and Solis, which most observers feel will
trigger a reversal of the absurd Brown decision, to which Liebman
provided a scathing dissent. (That was the ruling that the Bush mob
unapologetically used to overturn the landmark, unanimous, and
bipartisan GSOC-UAW ruling that forced NYU to the table.)
Now NYU claims that all of their thuggery and intimidation - you know,
like firing Joel Westheimer - was all a misunderstanding. They want grad
students to join a union - just not the union they chose and built for
themselves, GSOC-UAW. Instead, the administration wants to force them
into the union of faculty serving contingently, ACT-UAW which,
ironically, formed as a result of GSOC.
In future, NYU graduate-school officials have recently informed the
community, grad students will be admitted either with funding or
without, but teaching will not be part of their funding package. All
teaching will be officially optional - though still conventionally
expected in most fields. Interestingly, the new teaching-optional
mentality contradicts the central argument made by NYU’s attorneys
before the NLRB, that grad students couldn’t simultaneously be Yankees
fans workers, because teaching was a necessary part of their education.
What will this plan mean in practice? Some students will teach less than
now, especially if they are well off or in fields where grant money is
available. And some will teach about the same but at an awkward time in
the arc of their studies, in the sixth year and beyond.
It also seems likely that some students will teach more than the current
standard, and quite a bit more than the upper tiers of future students.
Some units will apparently be admitting more unfunded students who will
have to “choose” to teach their way through as contingent labor. It
seems pretty clear that this strategy is aimed toward undermining
GSOC-UAW’s support with at least some entering students, and at the
NLRB, though it’s far from certain that the “what we said last year was
full of crap” strategy is going to win with Liebman at the helm.
The administration probably also hopes for a divide-and-conquer dividend
with ACT-UAW. If they succeed in forcing doctoral students into the
contingent faculty union, management may accomplish some dilution of
purpose (since under the new plan some doctoral students will only enter
that union for a couple of years, rather than the eight or so they’d
belong to GSOC).
I spoke to GSOC’s Rana Jaleel and Zach Schwartz-Weinstein when I was in
New York earlier this month and, later in my travels, with some other
faculty and students who wish to remain uncredited. And I discussed the
situation further with Andrew Ross over e-mail in the last 24 hours.
Ross is the author of the just-released Nice Work if You Can Get It:
Life and Labor in Precarious Times, about which I will have a lot of
nice things to say, when I can find time to say them.
My exchange with Ross follows.
Q. What do you know about the plans to restructure graduate education at
The plan was first proposed during the GSOC strike by a group of faculty
- referred to as the Third Way at the time - who were trying to broker a
clean exit strategy for the NYU administration from any obligation to
deal with the union. It was not taken up then but it has emerged as the
horse to back for NYU and other private universities as they contemplate
another NLRB reversal. Basically, the plan is to offer full five-year
fellowships with no built-in teaching obligations. TAships will
therefore disappear, and graduate students will teach - there will be an
expectation that they will do so - as adjuncts and will be classified as
Q. What sort of inequities could a plan like this produce?
It re-introduces a culture of informality into the workplace, where
intimidation will undoubtedly flourish. Department chairs will need TA’s
no matter what, and will lean on students to teach even though they may
not want to. The plan is a recipe for intimidation in fact. It
explicitly reverses the benign impact of the original GSOC contract
which brought some formal rules about work into the classroom.
In addition, there will be a three-tier student body, those with family
support will not teach much at all, and the gap between them and the
more disadvantaged tier will be more visible. The plan also calls for
the admission of unfunded students - as a third tier that will
presumably be available to teach very cheaply at the drop of a hat.
International students will have an especially tough time, after the
five year period, because of visa restrictions on their freedom to work.
Domestic students who, in their five years of funding, have not been
bullied into teaching through the “moral authority” of their mentors,
will then be eminently available in subsequent years to teach at adjunct
rates that are far below those currently afforded to TA’s.
Q. Are there any other drawbacks? Will programs and admissions shrink?
In a time of fiscal retrenchment, full-fellowship packages will be more
expensive, so we expect that the total number will be cut. Also, the
administration is presenting the plan as a way to make NYU more
competitive with its would-be peers. As more and more elite private
colleges adopt this kind of graduate funding package (and if they want
to avoid dealing with GA unions, they almost certainly will) then the
gap between the privates and the publics will further widen.
Q. Who will be doing the work currently done by graduate student teachers?
The same graduate students for the most part. This will not be lost on
the NLRB. Simply because you change a job title doesn’t mean the work is
any different, and if it’s the same folks teaching then the NLRB case is
not much altered. What will change more is the role of chairs and DGS’s,
they will become direct managers of teaching labor in all sorts of ways,
reinforcing the Yeshiva claim that faculty are managerial positions. I’m
actually concerned about how faculty in these administrative positions
may be legally exposed to NLRB inquiries into unfair labor practices.
Q. What do you think motivates the administration?
It’s no secret that this is an effort to eliminate the union. This is
openly discussed in deans’ meetings with chairs that I have attended.
More hypocritical is the administration’s effort to portray it as a
“victory for labor,” since the students in question will be “allowed” to
join the adjunct union. No one in GSOC was consulted, and students
continue to want their own union, as far as we can tell. More telling,
no NYU administrator has ever contacted the adjunct union about this
plan. No one has asked union officers how they feel about having student
members who will clearly have preferential access to certain kinds of
teaching. It remains legally questionable whether students will be able
to join that union under these circumstances.
Q. Rana Jaleel of GSOC-UAW calls this an attempt by the administration
to make an “end run” around the union. Do you agree? How do you think
the union might react?
Rana is stating a fact, in my view, not an opinion. How the union reacts
is not my call, of course, but I do think the administration is making
many mistakes, and that this bungled effort to preempt the NLRB may well
backfire on them.
Q. How would you contextualize this plan in connection with Take Back
NYU and the occupations at the New School?
It’s too easy to see this as part of a continuum with the “anomalous
wave” of worldwide student protest. I think it has more to do with NYU
trying to close the books on the legacy of the 2005 strike.
Q. This isn’t a strategy that most other administrations can afford to
adopt. Where do you think this will leave the movement to unionize grad
employees at private schools?
It will be a great blow to the academic labor movement if GSOC gets
snuffed out. The current generation of GSOC organizers is strong and
resourceful. Even if they are absorbed into the adjunct union, that’s
simply not an option at most private schools where there is no adjunct
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