[Marxism] The Boston Globe on radical films

Jim Farmelant farmelantj at juno.com
Sat Sep 5 17:05:34 MDT 2009


Rad, bad, & dangerous to know

Films rarely take up radical causes. Thre result can be a mix of Karl and
Groucho Marx.

By Ty Burr, Mark Feeney, and Wesley Morris, Globe Staff  |  September 6,

The revolution is once more being screened. Opening Friday is Uli Edel’s
critically praised “The Baader Meinhof Complex,’’ which dramatizes
Germany’s violent Red Army faction of the late 1960s and ’70s.
Since the cinema is at once the most personal of art forms and a vast
commercial enterprise, films about the radical left are rare and varied,
from mawkish Hollywood tales to unstinting Maoist deconstructions.
American filmmakers have tended to mine the era for human drama, even
when dramatic engagement is beside the point. Europeans favor theory,
however abstruse and humorless.

The great radical movie - one that invites us in and connects the dots -
may have yet to be made, but it’s not for lack of trying. (Maybe the
rarely seen “Milestones,’’ from 1975, screening at the Harvard Film
Archive on Sept. 26, will be it.) Meanwhile, we rate some of the
contenders; four fists is as radical as we have seen.

  4 Fists

With these two landmark works of agit-art, Jean-Luc Godard announced that
narrative was a bourgeois contrivance and the cinema a weapon of
revolution. “Chinoise’’ features actors playing students discussing
radical theory; it’s a great time capsule and more critical than you’d
think. The masterful “Weekend’’ simply envisions the end of the Western
world, snarled in an infinite traffic jam.

BANANAS (1971)
  1 Fist

“A revolution is not a dinner party,’’ Mao Zedong famously wrote. He
didn’t say anything about a laff riot, though. In “Bananas,’’ Woody Allen
heads off to Latin America in romantic pursuit of Louise Lasser. Becoming
involved in a local guerrilla movement, he ends up revolutionary leader
of the country. Allen, with his beard and combat fatigues, could be Fidel
Castro - assuming Fidel joined the Friars Club. Who needs Annie Hall when
you’ve got Gus Hall?

  1 Fist

Not a radical movie? That’s the point. When Al Pacino’s bank robber gets
the crowds on his side by shouting “Attica! Attica!’’ he’s proving both
how everything was political by the mid-1970s and how genuine radicalism
had become co-opted by radical chic. In its backhanded way, that one
scene marks the death of the ’60s.

NETWORK (1976)
     3 1/2 Fists

Oh, the Ecumenical Liberation Army. So committed to assassinating news
prophet Howard Beale (Peter Finch). So committed to negotiating a
lucrative deal for its prime-time television show: “The Mao Tse-Tung
Hour’’! These Black Power-ish radicals might be cutthroat negotiators,
but showbiz can cheapen any cause. As the group’s no-nonsense leader,
played by the great Laureen Hobbs, laments, “The Communist Party’s not
going to see a nickel of this . . . until we go into syndication!’’ Word.

REDS (1981)
    3 Fists

Easily the most problematic movie about radicals. On the one hand, there
is the sweeping real-life love story of journalist John Reed (Warren
Beatty) and his future wife, Louise Bryant (Diane Keaton), as the Russian
Revolution swirls around them. The film’s so big-budget tame that Beatty,
who also directed, screened it at the White House for an approving Ronald
Reagan. On the other hand, “Reds’’ has actual, honest-to-God (oh, all
right, honest-to-the-dialectic) radicals in it, like George Seldes and
Scott Nearing. It’s hard to get more radical than that.

        4 Fists

Director Paul Schrader gives us America’s Most Famous Kidnapped Heiress
a.k.a Tania the urban guerrilla. The superb Natasha Richardson rides
Hearst’s trajectory from a pampered Berkeley 19-year-old to a bereted
bank-robbing member of the leftist Symbionese Liberation Army, the
radicals who kidnapped her. It’s part black comedy about race, class, and
privilege, part psychological thriller. Did she really have no idea what
she was doing? Schrader unequivocally did.

   2 Fists

Sidney Lumet’s drama, based on Naomi Foner’s Oscar-nominated screenplay,
neatly captures the late-’80s take on ’60s radicals: flawed boomers led
astray by their own ideals. Judd Hirsch and Christine Lahti are very good
as ex-campus guerrillas living underground in suburbia; River Phoenix, in
one of his best mainstream roles, plays their very confused son.

PANTHER (1995) 
   1 Fist

Hot off “New Jack City’’ and his mostly-black western, “Posse,’’ Mario
Van Peebles, working with dad Melvin, brought us an epic that managed to
make the Black Panther Party seem like a bunch of grad students on
poetry-slam night at the campus coffeehouse. It was righteous. But it was
also stagy, like watching a movement’s greatest moments turned into a
flashy movie of the week.

     3 Fists

Mary Harron’s sneaky, cheeky portrait of Valerie Solanas (Lili Taylor),
the Factory hanger-on who, one evening in 1968, pumped a bullet into her
mentor-tormentor Andy Warhol. The movie evenhandedly views Solanas as
tough, funny, insightful, and bonkers - her anger toward men fueling both
homicidal rage and a guerrilla feminism that continues to echo today.

    3 Fists

In Spike Lee’s indignant satire, the radicals in question - a nitwit
hip-hop outfit called the Mau Maus - kidnap the star of an appallingly
popular minstrel entertainment hour and threaten to execute him during a
live webcast. They owe a small debt to the Ecumenical Liberation Army of
“Network,’’ but Lee’s rendition is sad as well as harshly funny: They
have no idea what they’re doing.

    3 Fists

More irreverent lark than full-blown masterpiece, this John Waters farce
gives us some deliciously bad rap and R&B numbers and a radical filmmaker
whose guerrilla outfit (the Sprocket Holes) kidnaps a Hollywood star
(Melanie Griffith) and, among other unprintable acts, forces her to star
in their new budgetless feature. Needless to say, she comes down with an
awesome case of Stockholm syndrome. You, meanwhile, might come down with
a Patty Hearst flashback. Hell, Hearst might, too. She’s in the film!

CHICAGO 10 (2007)
    3 1/2 Fists

Turning the transcripts of the landmark 1968 court case into an animated
documentary reenactment may be a tad theatrical - but Abbie Hoffman would
approve. Hank Azaria provides the voice of the Yippie prankster and Roy
Scheider plays Judge Julius Hoffman, cluelessly turning the 10 activist
defendants into counterculture martyrs. What happens to Bobby Seale
(Jeffrey Wright) is still shocking to behold.

CHE (2008) 
   4 Fists

Nobody saw Steven Soderbergh’s four-hour epic. It wasn’t a biography of
Che Guevara, per se, but a meticulously staged thesis about why
revolutions don’t always work. Part of the reason, Soderbergh argues, is
that Guevara thought of military strategies as being somewhat
interchangeable. He had a one-size-fits-all attitude about revolution.
And as his estate would discover in the decades since his death: That
works better with T-shirts. 

© Copyright 2009 The New York Times Company
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