[Marxism] Opposition to attack on Iran surfaces in Israeli leadership
ffeldman at bellatlantic.net
Thu Aug 19 06:12:51 MDT 2010
Israeli Generals and Intel Officials Oppose Attack on Iran
Analysis by Gareth Porter*
WASHINGTON, Aug 13, 2010 (IPS) - Pro-Israeli journalist Jeffrey Goldberg's
article in "The Atlantic" magazine was evidently aimed at showing why the
Barack Obama administration should worry that it risks an attack by the
government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Iran in the coming months
unless it takes a much more menacing line toward Iran's nuclear programme.
But the article provides new evidence that senior figures in the Israeli
intelligence and military leadership oppose such a strike against Iran and
believe that Netanyahu's apocalyptic rhetoric about an Iranian nuclear
threat as an "existential threat" is unnecessary and self-defeating.
Although not reported by Goldberg, Israeli military and intelligence figures
began to express their opposition to such rhetoric on Iran in the early
1990s, and Netanyahu acted to end such talk when he became prime minister in
The Goldberg article also reveals extreme Israeli sensitivity to any move by
Obama to publicly demand that Israel desist from such a strike, reflecting
the reality that the Israeli government could not go ahead with any strike
without being assured of U.S. direct involvement in the war with Iran.
Goldberg argues that a likely scenario some months in the future is that
Israeli officials will call their U.S. counterparts to inform them that
Israeli planes are already on their way to bomb Iranian nuclear sites.
The Israelis would explain that they had "no choice", he writes, because "a
nuclear Iran poses the gravest threat since Hitler to the physical survival
of the Jewish people."
He claims the "consensus" among present and past Israeli leaders is that the
chances are better than 50/50 that Israel "will launch a strike by next
July", based on interviews with 40 such Israeli decision-makers.
Goldberg is best known for hewing to the neoconservative line in his
reporting on Iraq, particularly in his insistence that that Saddam Hussein
had extensive ties with al Qaeda.
Goldberg quotes an Israeli official familiar with Netanyahu's thinking as
saying, "In World War II, the Jews had no power to stop Hitler from
annihilating us. Six million were slaughtered. Today, six million Jews live
in Israel, and someone is threatening them with annihilation."
In his interview with Goldberg for this article, however, Netanyahu does not
argue that Iran might use nuclear weapons against Israel. Instead he argues
that Hezbollah and Hamas would be able to "fire rockets and engage in other
terror activities while enjoying a nuclear umbrella".
But Israel relies on conventional forces - not nuclear deterrence - against
Hezbollah and Hamas, making that argument entirely specious.
Goldberg reports that other Israeli leaders, including defence minister Ehud
Barack, acknowledge the real problem with the possibility of a nuclear Iran
is that it would gradually erode Israel's ability to retain its most
But that problem is mostly self-inflicted. Goldberg concedes that Israeli
generals with whom he talked "worry that talk of an 'existential threat' is
itself a kind of existential threat to the Zionist project, which was meant
to preclude such threats against the Jewish people."
A number of sources told Goldberg, moreover, that Gabi Ashkenazi, the
Israeli army chief of staff, doubts "the usefulness of an attack".
Top Israeli intelligence officials and others responsible for policy toward
Iran have long argued, in fact, that the kind of apocalyptic rhetoric that
Netanyahu has embraced in recent years is self-defeating.
Security correspondent Ronen Bergman reported in Yediot Ahronot, Israel's
most popular newspaper, in July 2009 that former chief of military
intelligence Major General Aharon Zeevi Farkash said the Israeli public
perception of the Iranian nuclear threat had been "distorted".
Farkash and other military intelligence and Mossad officials believe Iran's
main motive for seeking a nuclear weapons capability was not to threaten
Israel but to "deter U.S. intervention and efforts at regime change",
according to Bergman.
The use of blatantly distorted rhetoric about Iran as a threat to Israel -
and Israeli intelligence officials' disagreement with it - goes back to the
early 1990s, when the Labour Party government in Israel began a campaign to
portray Iran's missile and nuclear programmes as an "existential threat" to
Israel, as Trita Parsi revealed in his 2007 book "Treacherous Alliance".
An internal Israeli inter-ministerial committee formed in 1994 to make
recommendations on dealing with Iran concluded that Israeli rhetoric had
been "self-defeating", because it had actually made Iran more afraid of
Israel, and more hostile toward it, Parsi writes.
Ironically, it was Netanyahu who decided to stop using such rhetoric after
becoming prime minister the first time in mid-1996. Mossad director of
intelligence Uzi Arad convinced him that Israel had a choice between making
itself Iran's enemy or allowing Iran to focus on threats from other states.
Netanyahu even sought Kazakh and Russian mediation between Iran and Israel.
But he reversed that policy when he became convinced that Tehran was seeking
a rapprochement with Washington, which Israeli leaders feared would result
in reduced U.S. support for Israel, according to Parsi's account. As a
result, Netanyahu reverted to the extreme rhetoric of his predecessors.
That episode suggests that Netanyahu is perfectly capable of grasping the
intelligence community's more nuanced analysis of Iran, contrary to his
public stance that the Iranian threat is the same as that from Hitler's
Netanyahu administration officials used Goldberg to convey the message to
the Americans that they didn't believe Obama would launch an attack on Iran,
and therefore Israel would have to do so.
But Israel clearly cannot afford to risk a war with Iran without the
assurance that the United States being committed to participate in it. That
is why the Israeli lobby in Washington and its allies argue that Obama
should support an Israeli strike, which would mean that he would have to
attack Iran with full force if it retaliates against such an Israeli strike.
The knowledge that Israel could not attack Iran without U.S. consent makes
Israeli officials extremely sensitive about the possibility that Obama would
explicitly reject an Israeli strike
Goldberg reports that "several Israeli officials" told him they were worried
that U.S. intelligence might learn about Israeli plans to strike Iran
"hours" before the scheduled launch.
The officials told Goldberg that if Obama were to say, "We know what you're
doing. Stop immediately," Israel might have to back down.
Goldberg alludes only vaguely to the possibility that the threat of an
attack on Iran is a strategy designed to manipulate both Iran and the United
States. In a March 2009 article in The Atlantic online, however, he was more
straightforward, conceding that the Netanyahu threat to strike Iran if the
United States failed to stop the Iranian nuclear programme could be a
*Gareth Porter is an investigative historian and journalist specialising in
U.S. national security policy. The paperback edition of his latest book,
"Perils of Dominance: Imbalance of Power and the Road to War in Vietnam",
was published in 2006.
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