[Marxism] Clean coal comes to Illinois

Dan Russell proletariandan at gmail.com
Thu Aug 11 18:35:16 MDT 2011


A short article I recently wrote for SW

http://socialistworker.org/2011/08/11/chicagos-clean-coal-lie

CHICAGO'S THIRD coal plant isn't about "green jobs" or "clean power," but
propping up the dirty and destructive coal industry, rather than investing
in proven renewables like wind and solar.

Chicago already has the prestige of being the only large city in the U.S.
with a coal power plant within its boundaries. Actually, it has two.

Apparently not satisfied with that, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed
legislation on July 13 that brings us one step closer to a new "clean coal"
gasification plant on Chicago's already heavily polluted South
Side<http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-biz-0714-leucadia-plant-20110714,0,7619423.story>.
Soon after, on August 3, Quinn approved another bill for a "state of the
art" gasification facility in Jefferson
County<http://www.courierpress.com/news/2011/aug/03/s-illinois-coal-gasification-plant-gets-governors/>
at
the southern end of the state.

Quinn vetoed similar legislation in January following an outcry by consumer,
environmental, and community groups, but he claims that the new bill
contains consumer protections that would cap increases to residential
customers' gas bills to 2 percent per year. Of course, over 30 years, that
works out to an 80 percent increase. With wages stagnant and the economy
shedding jobs with no end in sight, these incremental price increases will
be devastating to working-class families.

The governor couched his support for the plants under the false rhetoric of
"good jobs, clean energy and national
security"<http://www.illinois.gov/PressReleases/ShowPressRelease.cfm?SubjectID=29&RecNum=9540>.
A press release from the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency quoted
Quinn as saying, "Projects that create jobs and protect consumers strengthen
our continued economic recovery. This project protects Illinois consumers,
while continuing our position as a leader in clean energy technology by
utilizing home grown resources to create the jobs of today and tomorrow."

Supporters claim that each project will create 200 permanent jobs, along
with more than 1,000 temporary construction jobs. However, those "permanent"
jobs will be inherently dangerous--putting workers in constant contact with
coal and petroleum coke, both of which contain a plethora of toxins that
pose significant health risks.

As these products are shipped in by barge or rail, they will poison both the
surrounding area and communities. While the area is desperate for jobs, many
residents aren't convinced that new polluters are the
solution<http://www.chicagonewscoop.org/new-industry-to-bring-jobs-soot-to-southeast-side/>
.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

GASIFICATION IS a process by which a synthetic natural gas is created from a
dirtier fuel like coal through subjecting it to extreme heat and pressure.
Unfortunately, much of the technology involved is both expensive and
unproven. The Chicago plant is slated to cost over $3 billion and the
Jefferson County plant approximately $2.3 billion.

In neighboring Indiana, Duke Energy Corp is under attack for skyrocketing
construction costs at a similar gasification
plant<http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9OBM1V00.htm>.
Projected costs there increased by over $1 billion--50 percent above initial
estimates--which taxpayers are now on the hook for. A regulatory agency
received reports that the company's actions "constituted fraud, concealment
and/or gross mismanagement," putting the future of the plant in question.

The energy industry maintains that synthetic natural gas not only burns
cleaner and with fewer greenhouse gases than coal, but its carbon dioxide
emissions are also more easily captured and stored.

If that sound too good to be true, it's because it is. While the plants in
question are supposed to capture between 85 and 90 percent of their carbon
dioxide emissions through a process known as carbon
sequestration<http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/what-is-carbon-storage>,
this technology has only recently been implemented and the long-term
effectiveness, side-effects and other dangers are
unknown<http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/01/business/global/obstacles-to-capturing-carbon-gas.html>
.

The process involves pumping the concentrated carbon dioxide--a highly
poisonous gas--into underground rock formations or even dying oil wells,
where it is then used to force up the last of the crude oil. An underground
gasification plant in Queensland, Australia, was recently ordered to close
by the government<http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/mining-energy/coal-gas-company-banned-in-queensland-for-contaminating-groundwater/story-e6frg9df-1226090511694>
after
it was revealed that the process had been leaking toxic chemicals into
groundwater.

Coal mining<http://socialistworker.org/2010/04/07/when-miners-lives-come-last>
 and tar sand extraction<http://socialistworker.org/2010/05/26/trucking-toward-climate-change>--which
will provide raw materials for the plants--are themselves incredibly
dangerous and destructive processes both for workers and the ecosystem.
While it may be true that hundreds of new mining jobs will be created and a
new mine may even be opened in order to retrieve millions of tons of coal
every year, these miners will face the same unsafe, unfair conditions as
those providing coal to traditional plants.

Illinois has huge untapped reserves of wind energy that, as part of a
national strategy<http://socialistworker.org/2011/06/23/case-for-clean-energy>,
could begin to displace fossil fuels. However, that might not happen for
decades if environmental activists are convinced to support the supposed
lesser-evil of "clean coal." Likewise, such plants will only further
entrench the fossil fuel industry into our communities.

Clean coal is a "green" facade for an industry that has been destroying
ecosystems and pouring greenhouse gases into the atmosphere decades.
Illinoisans still have time to stop these plants and at the same time
contribute to a movement that can demand that we immediately start on the
path to a renewable and sustainable energy future.



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