[Marxism] Imperialism and the Future of the Honduran Resistance

Dan Russell proletariandan at gmail.com
Thu Jul 7 09:25:09 MDT 2011

Jeff was kind enough to give a brief presentation at our ISO branch last
night. I just started his new book on Bolivia, which is quite good thus far.
He and David McNally (as I'm sure others do) point to Bolivia as a key
example of early, insurrectionary-revolutionary resistance to neoliberalism
and the spatial reorganization of production under capitalism.


"Just over a month ago, on May 22, 2011, the Cartagena Accord was signed by
the Venezuelan, Colombian, and Honduran governments. The event facilitated
the return of ousted Honduran President, Manuel Zelaya (also a signatory to
the Accord), to Tegucigalpa on May 28, and the readmission of Honduras into
the Organization of American States (OAS) on June 1.

A coup d’état overturned the democratically-elected, Centre-Left Zelaya
administration on June 28, 2009, and temporarily installed Roberto
Micheletti as President. Fraudulent elections were then held in November
2009, replacing Micheletti with the equally authoritarian Porfirio “Pepe”

An odd array of bedfellows has offered up praise for the Cartagena and OAS
developments. On the one hand, the US and Canadian administrations of Barack
Obama and Stephen Harper respectively have long envisioned the reentry of
Honduras into the OAS as the final step in the legitimization of the
Honduran regime before the international community, following the supposed
restoration of democracy in November 2009.

On the other hand, for sections of the Honduran and international Left, the
Cartagena Accord marks an important, if limited, advancement for democracy.
The role of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez in crafting the agreement is
crucial to this occasionally sycophantic narrative. The repatriation of
Zelaya and the commitment from the Honduran regime to respect human rights
and allow political exiles to come home is seen to be evidence of democratic

In fact, the Cartagena Accord is best understood as a blow to the Honduran
Resistance, one that is likely to undermine efforts to continue building a
grassroots movement genuinely capable of challenging political and economic
power in the country. At the same time, there is no reason to believe that
the accord will do anything to redress the systematic violations of human
rights that have persisted since the coup. Even worse, it is likely to cast
a democratic veneer over these atrocities, á la Colombia. All evidence
points to deep continuity in the realm of human rights since the signing of
the Accord, alongside a series of moves by the Lobo dictatorship to further
consolidate the neoliberalization of the country’s economy, with all of the
social suffering this implies. "

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