[Marxism] Government in Afghanistan Nears Collapse

Dennis Brasky dmozart1756 at gmail.com
Thu Jul 7 14:22:19 MDT 2011


Government in Afghanistan Nears Collapse

Robert Dreyfuss <http://www.thenation.com/authors/robert-dreyfuss>

July 6, 2011



http://www.thenation.com/blog/161818/government-afghanistan-nears-collapse?rel=emailNation



Maybe Afghanistan’s politics is so dysfunctional and broken by war that it’s
too much to expect any of it to make sense. But it seems to me that then
United Nations is on the wrong side of the current fight to the death
between President Karzai and Afghanistan’s parliament.

In case you haven’t been following the news: last year’s parliamentary
election was so chaotic and flawed that it resulted in the near-total
disenfranchisement of Afghanistan’s Pashtun ethnic minority, which makes up
a healthy 40 percent of the population. Many Pashtuns either didn’t vote,
because of sympathy or support for the Taliban and dislike of the Afghan
government, or couldn’t vote, because of Taliban threats and violence. As a
result, in some provinces in the south and east where Pashtuns dominate, not
a single Pashtun was elected to parliament. For Karzai, that was a disaster,
especially since he’s trying to reach out to his Pashtun base as part of his
search for a deal with the Taliban and its allies. Earlier this year, a
special court appointed by Karzai ruled that sixty-two members of
parliament, mostly non-Pashtuns, were elected fraudulently, a step toward
installing Pashtun members in their place. Not surprisingly, Karzai’s
opponents in parliament, especially Tajiks, Uzbeks and Hazaras who oppose
Karzai’s outreach to the Taliban, cried foul, challenged the
constitutionality of the court, and demanded the impeachment of Karzai.

If the war in Afghanistan ever made any sense at all, this stuff makes it
clear that it's close to hopeless. It also underscores the urgent importance
of US efforts to find a political settlement that brings both Pashtuns and
the Taliban into a deal and which mollifies the non-Pashtun groups that make
up the old Northern Alliance, and who are rearming in the north to fight the
Taliban if and when a deal begins to emerge.

Yesterday, the two sides actually came to blows in
parliament<http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/06/world/asia/06afghanistan.html?_r=2&ref=world>!
The government has all but ceased functioning, a constitutional crisis
looms, and there are worries about armed factions relaunching the civil war
that plagued the country in the early 1990s. It’s that
bad<http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/07/05/afghanistan.fight/index.html?hpt=hp_t2>.
Members of parliament have started carrying
guns<http://www.pajhwok.com/en/2011/07/06/mps-carry-guns-parliament>
.

Staffan de Mistura, the UN representative in Afghanistan, is meeting both
sides in search of a political accord. But he’s also sided with the
anti-Karzai forces. “A court is supposed to find criminals, not to change
the outcome of the election,” he
said<http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/06/world/asia/06afghanistan.html?_r=2&ref=world>.
But that’s wrong. A court is precisely supposed to rule on the propriety of
elections, although Karzai’s opponents challenge the validity of this
particular court. Meanwhile, at stake is not neat legalities but the very
fabric of Afghan politics and society: Will the Pashtuns, and eventually the
Taliban, be integrated into Afghan politics, or not?

Needless to say, the more the Pashtuns are excluded and marginalized, the
more they will turn to the waiting Taliban. Especially as US forces start to
leave.

The parliament not only wants to impeach Karzai, but they’ve voted to fire
Afghanistan’s attorney general and as many as six supreme court justices.
And the sixty-two MPs whose election has been challenged by the court have
refused to leave, making it the attorney general’s decision to enforce the
court ruling and oust the MP’s, by force—thus arresting more than one-fourth
of the Afghan parliament.

Stupid and messy, yes. (At least Karzai doesn’t have to deal with cult-like,
tax-obsessed Republicans!) There’s lots at stake, including Afghanistan’s
relations with Pakistan and India, which back opposite sides in the
incipient civil war.



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