[Marxism] U.S. Intelligence Eyes Chinese Research into Space-Age Weapons
dmozart1756 at gmail.com
Fri Jul 22 19:00:03 MDT 2011
On Thu, Jul 21, 2011 at 1:43 PM, National Security Archive
<archive at gwu.edu>wrote:
> National Security Archive Update, July 21, 2011
> U.S. Intelligence Eyes Chinese Research into Space-Age Weapons
> Possible Use of Electromagnetic and Microwave Radiation against Taiwan or
> U.S. Fleet Raised
> Declassified Documents Are Part of Major New Collection on a Half Century
> of U.S. Spying on China
> Other Highlights of the Collection Include:
> References to Cyber-Warfare
> Dangers of Building Nuclear Plants in Japan (Fukushima Plant an Example)
> For more information, contact:
> Jeffrey Richelson and Matthew Aid
> Washington, D.C., July 21, 2011 - In 2005, U.S. intelligence agencies
> monitoring Chinese research into high-power microwave (HPM) and
> electromagnetic pulse (EMP) radiation speculated that Beijing might be
> trying to develop a capability to incapacitate Taiwan electronically without
> triggering a U.S. nuclear retaliation, according to documents published in a
> major new National Security Archive collection.
> In recent years, China's development of an assortment of conventional and
> nuclear weapons has regularly attracted the interest and concern of U.S.
> policy-makers, intelligence officials, and China watchers. So has Beijing's
> interest in less conventional means of conflict, including cyber-warfare --
> with Chinese hackers recently linked to or suspected in a number of
> incidents, notably breaking into highly sensitive U.S. government computer
> systems (see CBSNews.com, for example).
> But cyber-warfare is only one of a number of unconventional approaches to
> warfare that China has investigated. A declassified 2005 report from the
> U.S. National Ground Intelligence Center describing Chinese experiments
> using HPM and EMP on animals concluded that the real objective was to
> determine the effects of that radiation on humans. Analysts did not believe
> the experiments, which produced "high mortality rates" among the animal
> subjects, were aimed at developing "antipersonnel" weapons, but they did
> describe a hypothetical "Taiwan Scenario" in which a lower altitude EMP
> burst would damage electronics on the island without causing enough human
> casualties, "either Taiwan[ese] or U.S. military," to trigger "a U.S.
> nuclear response."
> Other recently declassified materials describe similar military concerns. A
> U.S. defense intelligence document from 2001, for example, details Chinese
> plans for developing radiofrequency weapons (although it stops short of
> speculating on their possible purpose). Still others reflect on issues of
> current interest, for example the risks of constructing nuclear power plants
> -- like the Fukushima facility that exploded after the recent tsunami -- at
> questionable sites in Japan.
> These and 2,300 other records are part of a new National Security Archive
> publication, U.S. Intelligence and China: Collection, Analysis and Covert
> Action, the latest addition to the "Digital National Security Archive"
> series published through ProQuest Information and Learning. A sampling of
> materials in this important new collection appears on the Archive's Web site
> Read more about the new collection on the Archive's web site.
> THE NATIONAL SECURITY ARCHIVE is an independent non-governmental research
> institute and library located at The George Washington University in
> Washington, D.C. The Archive collects and publishes declassified documents
> acquired through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). A tax-exempt public
> charity, the Archive receives no U.S. government funding; its budget is
> supported by publication royalties and donations from foundations and
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