[Marxism] Translation (Cuba): Guidelines debate 14, Science/Environment

Marce Cameron marcecameron at gmail.com
Mon Jul 25 03:37:13 MDT 2011

>From "Cuba's Socialist Renewal"
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Here is Part 14 of my translation of the booklet Information on the
results of the Debate on the Economic and Social Policy Guidelines for
the Party and the Revolution, an explanatory document published
together with the final version of the Guidelines adopted by the Cuban
Communist Party (PCC) Congress in April.

For a small Third World country subject to a US economic siege, Cuba
has notched up some remarkable scientific advances in sectors such as
biotechnology, medical technology and ecologically sustainable
agriculture. Cuba has also invested heavily in computer science and
software development. In biotech and medical instruments Cuba is
competitive with
transnational pharmaceutical companies on the world market. It shares
its advances in this sector, which include the first effective vaccine
for meningitis B and a host of other innovations, with other Third
World countries by selling them cheap drugs and helping them build
plants to produce their own medications. By necessity Cuba has had to
develop its own armaments and military hardware industry. Factories
run by the armed forces were the proving ground for the new system of
enterprise management known as Perfección Empresarial (Enterprise
Improvement) that is being extended to the civilian industrial sector,
and whose principles are incorporated in the Guidelines.

Thanks to the emphasis given to education and training since the 1959
Revolution the country has an abundance of highly skilled scientific
and technical workers and educators. A key challenge of the reform
process is how to harness the full potential of all this talent and
apply it to the urgent problems of industrialisation in a besieged
economy battered by two decades of a deep structural crisis
precipitated by the demise of Soviet "socialism" and hobbled by a
bloated, hyper-centralised administrative apparatus that must be
gradually dismantled. Yet Cuba has created strong bases for the
take-off of its scientific and technological potential in the context
of the new Cuban model of socialist development that is emerging.

Link to translation:

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