[Marxism] (Fwd) Lessons the South African police didn't learn from the Marikana massacre
pbond at mail.ngo.za
Fri Dec 14 23:15:09 MST 2012
(A few other points that Mkhwanazi
- who joined the old SA Police back in 1986 - apparently doesn't think
need 'revising': "Don't shoot unarmed people dead, in their back, when
they're fleeing from you."
"Don't plant weapons on dead bodies
to make it look like you were threatened before you murdered." "If 3000
people are on a mountain nowhere near Lonmin property and not blocking
anybody or anything,just leave them there
<http://links.org.au/node/2999>." "Don't take orders from Lonmin's Cyril
to break a strike and call it 'D-Day'." "Don't allow your leading
on-the-scene official to suddenly become unavailable - even by phone -
to attend a purely political event
"Don't claim a massacre was 'appropriate force'
and that 'maximum force'
<http://mampoer.co.za/david-bruce/24-marikana>was justified." "In a
tumultuous setting, don't cage people in with barbed wire
"Stop intimidating people
testifying to investigating commission." "Don't use the tactical
response team, national intervention unit and special task force
for crowd control." "Don't hire police video experts who are old-guard
and don't send them to an investigating commission with utterly useless
""Hire forensic investigators who know their job
"Stop banning peaceful marches
by women." "If your troops are guilty of murdering unarmed people who
are fleeing, then they should becharged
and investigated as soon as possible instead of being told they did'the
right thing' <http://links.org.au/node/3002>." "Don't charge massacre
survivors with murder under apartheid-era common purpose doctrine
"Don't send police to a scene if they are irrationally hyped up with
intent for revenge
victims." "Don't laugh and smile at video footage showing a massacre,
especially if you are police commissioner."
"For even an iota of credibility, don't let your prior police
commissioners be corrupted by the mafia
<http://mg.co.za/report/selebi-agliotti-and-kebble> andreal estate
let your head of crime intelligence loot a police slush fund
Are there others?)
Lessons Learned From Marikana - Police Expert
Rustenberg --- Weaknesses identified in the operation that resulted in
the deaths of 34 striking miners at Marikana would provide lessons to
help avoid similar failings in future operations, a police expert said
Public order policing expert Brigadier Zephania Mkhwanazi was asked the
previous day by commission chairman Ian Farlam to consider what lessons
could be learned from the failed police operation on August 16.
On Friday he identified four points he believed should be revised.
"Operational commanders and overall commanders rely on tactical
commanders to give information," he said.
In large operations, such as Marikana, breakdowns in this communication
"We need to work [on] that," Mkhwanazi said.
More "less lethal" weapons should be used, in case existing measures,
including teargas, stun grenades and water cannons, failed.
"Always there will be a gap, [so] the best thing is to have more
options," he said.
"If you fail with teargas, what else can we use?"
He also suggested that the operation did not adequately prepare members
of the tactical response unit (TRT), as they were not issued with gasmasks.
"Checking visuals, SAPS move back because the TRT were not in possession
of that kind of equipment and training."
Further research into international police agencies' non-lethal weapons
should also be undertaken, Mkhwanazi said.
After the tea break on Friday, Mkhwanazi acknowledged that the Marikana
operation could have been conducted at night when there were fewer
protesters on the koppie near the Lonmin mine.
Procedurally, police would still have been obliged to warn protesters to
disperse. In the event, this order was not given.
Mkhwanazi said that it was difficult to remove weapons from protesters
at the hostels, prior to the shooting on August 16.
"It is important to know where firearms are kept... A hostel has a lot
This step was intended to be the final stage of the operation to disarm
protesters, which ultimately failed.
Mkhwanazi said he did not know why the hostel was not searched earlier.
He said police had not searched protesters who were on their way to the
koppie, as this was not normal procedure in terms of the Regulation of
The three-member commission is holding public hearings at the Rustenburg
Civic Centre. The other commissioners are senior advocates Bantubonke
Tokota and Pingla Hemraj.
Thirty-four striking miners were shot dead on August 16 and 78 were
wounded when the police opened fire on them while trying to disperse a
group which had gathered on a hill near the mine.
In the preceding week, 10 people, including two police officers and two
security guards, were hacked to death near the mine.
President Jacob Zuma announced the commission in August. It must
complete its work within four months.
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