[Marxism] The Strange Career of Eugene Genovese
shmage at pipeline.com
Wed Oct 3 19:41:18 MDT 2012
On Oct 3, 2012, at 6:12 PM, Marv Gandall wrote:
> On 2012-10-03, at 3:37 PM, Shane Mage wrote:
>> On Oct 3, 2012, at 1:33 PM, Louis Proyect wrote:
>> "Aptheker points out that census takers were white and subject to
>> the racial prejudices of the time. If blacks were undercounted, as
>> they certainly were, then attempts to come up with daily caloric
>> intake on a per capita basis will overstate food input."
>> This is a surprisingly (perhaps, considering the source, I should
>> have said *not surprisingly*) stupid argument. For each slave
>> state, every five slaves counted as three heads towards their
>> percapita representation in the US Congress. White racist census-
>> takers had every motive to overcount and none at all to undercount.
> This was certainly true for purposes of representation. The slave
> states wanted all slaves included in the population base while the
> anti-slave states wanted them excluded. But is my recollection
> correct that the states had the opposite interest with respect to
> taxation, which was substantially based on property...
There was no federal property tax. The federal revenues came largely
from customs duties, plus some excises. The "three-fifths" rule deals
with possible "direct taxes"--a poll tax apportioned among the
states. But there was no such tax.
This cosmos did none of gods or men make, but it
always was and is and shall be: an everlasting fire,
kindling in measures and going out in measures.
Herakleitos of Ephesos
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