[Marxism] Gandhi and Bhagat Singh

Marla Vijaya kumar marlavk at yahoo.com
Sun Oct 14 09:58:08 MDT 2012

Philip Ferguson quoted:
Singh suffered from the lack of recognition for his cause." 
Bhagat Singh is deeply revered by Indian youth of many
generations. His martyrdom is remembered on the day he was hanged.
The survivors among his followers had, after coming out of
jail joined the Communist Party.  Com.
Ajay Ghosh had served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India.
Bhagat Singh’s various writings on Socialism and Lenin point to his orientation
towards communism, especially during his final days in the prison.
He is the icon of many Leftist youth organizations and he
lives on in our hearts and is cherished by Indians. It is very common to find
pictures of Bhagat Singh and Che on the banners of Leftist youth organizations.
It hardly matters whether the Congress Party recognizes his martyrdom
– whether they do or don’t is of no consequence. He is our hero and we will
uphold his image.
Yes, not only Bhagat Singh but many young communists
differed with Gandhi’s methods of struggle. But here I will quote from Lenin’s
guideline to the nascent Indian communist movement from the pages of CPI
History published by People’s Publishing house:
Leninist Guidelines
the left-sectarian approach of Indian representatives at the Comintern, Lenin
took a special interest and pointed out:
should establish close alliance with national movements and assist them.
lend revolutionary character by leading peasant movements against feudalism.
need to distinguish between bourgeoisie-reformist and national-revolutionary
trends in national liberation movements.
working closely with bourgeoisie democratic elements, the working-class parties
have to retain their independence and own identity and train their cadres and
make them aware of the fact that they have to ultimately wage a struggle
against the bourgeoisie.
possibility of backward and colonial nations avoiding the capitalist stage of
development and going over to socialism through
definite stages of development. 
need for determined struggle against attempts to give a communist colouring to
bourgeoisie-democratic trends in backward countries.
need to establish close alliance between the national liberation struggles in
other countries, the Soviet Union and the working-class in the metropolitan
4th Congress of Comintern in 1922 in Lenin’s life time advanced the
slogan of a united anti-imperialist front. It pointed out that the refusal of
communists to participate against imperialist oppression on the pretext of
allged ‘defence’ of independent class interests is opportunism of the worst
kind, calculated only to discredit the proletarian revolution in the east.
less harmful must be recognized the attempts to isolate oneself from the
immediate and everyday interests of the working-class for the sake of ‘national
unity’ and ‘civil peace’ with bourgeoisie democracy.
communist and worker parties in colonial countries are confronted by a two-fold
the one hand, to fight for the most radical solutions to the problem of
bourgeoisie-democratic revolution, directed to the conquest of political independence
the other hand, to organize the workers and peasants to fight for their special
class interests and take advantage of the antagonism existing in the national
bourgeoisie camp….
Left sectarian tendencies in the CPI had caused enormous
damage to the communist movement by ignoring Lenin’s advice. 
So, to conclude, we can uphold the positive aspects of
Gandhi’s  ideas such as gram swarajya
(village self rule), development of rural small scale industries and such other
measures ( and of course discard his reactionary ideas), which are essential
for building  an anti-capitalist society
and break away from the logic of capitalism. The Bolivarian Revolution is about
similar issues. I think Left in India has to uphold Gandhi against neo-liberalism.
Vijaya Kumar Marla

More information about the Marxism mailing list