[Marxism] Apaches banished to Cuba

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Sun Feb 17 15:23:03 MST 2013

Military administrators of the late Bourbon era may have banished Apache 
captives more efficiently than their predecessors. By the late 1780s, 
authorities had begun to send Apaches as far away as Cuba to prevent 
them from returning home if they escaped. In 1790, the crown itself 
required that Cuba become the final destination for Apache prisoners. 
Despite the king's orders to treat Indian captives well, large numbers 
died before reaching Havana. Dislocation, disease, and the hardships of 
traveling in chains took a terrible toll. So, too, did vengeful 
soldiers. If some troops killed captured Apaches "in cold blood in the 
jails of Durango and in Chihuahua's main square, as the bishop of 
Durango reported, other soldiers must have taken their revenge on Apache 
prisoners in less public places.

 From David J. Weber’s “Bárbaros: Spaniards and Their Savages in the Age 
of Enlightenment”

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