[Marxism] Fwd: GIVE US BACK OUR FACTORIES! | Zbigniew Marcin Kowalewski
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GIVE US BACK OUR FACTORIES!
Zbigniew Marcin Kowalewski
Published in Immanuel Ness and Dario Azzelini, eds. Ours to Master and
to Own: Workers’ Control from the Commune to the Present, Chicago:
Haymarket Books, 2011, pp. 191-207.
Mode of Exploitation and Workers’ Resistance
The Soviet-dominated People’s Republic of Poland,  which existed from
1944 to 1989, was one of the transitional social formations between
capitalism and socialism to emerge on the periphery of the world
capitalist system. This periphery lagged behind the Western center in
the historical process of industrial revolution (Aldcroft 2006).
Poland’s dependent capitalist system between the wars had hindered the
nation’s industrial development ; consequently, its overthrow by the Red
Army after World War II allowed this delayed revolution to occur. In the
newly industrialized People’s Poland, the commodities exchange ceased to
be the general form of social relations, but bureaucratic domination
blocked the transition to the new planned relations. This domination was
based on a double set of contradictions : between the overthrow of
capitalist domination on a national and regional scale and its
prevalence in the world system; and between the suppression of
capitalist relations of exploitation and the persistence of the
productive forces fused in the crucible of these relations. The more the
productive forces had adapted to capitalism, the more they hampered the
development of relations of nonexploitation (Rey 1977, 130; Rey 1985,
131; Turchetto 1995 and 2007).
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