[Marxism] Venezuela: A year since Hugo Chavez’s death -- special edition of the AVSN broadsheet | Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal

glparramatta glparramatta at greenleft.org.au
Tue Feb 4 18:50:14 MST 2014

Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias was the president of the Bolivarian Republic of 
Venezuela. As the leader of the Bolivarian Revolution, Chavez promoted a 
political doctrine of participatory democracy, socialism and Latin 
American and Caribbean cooperation. He was also a critic of 
neoliberalism, globalisation and United States foreign policy.

A career military officer, Chavez founded the left-wing Fifth Republic 
Movement after orchestrating a failed 1992 military rebellion against 
former President Carlos Andres Perez.

Chavez was elected president in 1998 with a campaign centred on promises 
of aiding Venezuela's poor majority, and was re-elected in 2000, 2006 
and 2012.

Domestically, Chavez established nationwide Bolivarian Social Missions, 
whose goals are to combat disease, illiteracy, malnutrition, poverty and 
other social ills.

Abroad, Chavez acted against the Washington Consensus by supporting 
alternative models of economic development and advocating cooperation 
among the world's poor nations, especially those in Latin America.

Chavez’s policies evoked controversy in Venezuela and abroad, receiving 
everything from vehement criticism to enthusiastic support.

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