[Marxism] Venezuela (14/2): Facing the recent incidents and mobilizations organized by the right wing in the country

Juan Andres Gallardo juanagallardo at gmail.com
Thu Feb 20 14:31:26 MST 2014


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[de]> Facing the recent incidents and mobilizations organized by the right
wing in the countryPor: LTS, Venezuela

14 Feb 2014 | In the most recent days, a series of mobilizations has been
carried out in different parts of the country, that this Wednesday,
February 12, had its toll in Caracas of three people dead, people arrested
and several people wounded. Among those who died, one is a chavista and the
other two are youths from the right wing. This has again put (...)[image:
Facing the recent incidents and mobilizations organized by the right wing
in the country]

Friday, February 14, 2014

*Declaration*

*Facing the recent incidents and mobilizations organized by the right wing
in the country*

*LTS*

In the most recent days, a series of mobilizations has been carried out in
different parts of the country, that this Wednesday, February 12, had its
toll in Caracas of three people dead, people arrested and several people
wounded. Among those who died, one is a chavista and the other two are
youths from the right wing. This has again put stress on the country's
political situation, pointing to the political polarization of the last 15
years - although with big differences from the previous circumstances. It
is about a thrust of mobilizations from a right-wing group with a strong
base among groups of the university students and of the middle class,
essentially coordinated nationally by Leopoldo López, María Corina Machado
and Antonio Ledezma, part of the county's most radical right wing. From the
government, there has been talk that it would be about attempted coups
d'état, and that they are seeking "a climate of anxiety" in the country.

*A more "radical" group of the right-wing opposition is organizing the
mobilizations*

It is about political groups that, facing the social situation, are
clamoring for more right-wing solutions, in the context of a strong
internal division of the forces that oppose the government from the right,
united in the Committee of Democratic Unity (MUD). It is not a movement of
the entire opposition, for now; even more, the groups that are currently
running the MUD - whom López & Co. are even accusing of being
"collaborators" with the government - have distanced themeselves from these
actions - from Capriles Radonski up to the leader of the country's main
student federation (that of the UCV), going through Ramón Aveledo himself,
the Executive Secretary of the MUD.

It is undeniable that they have a social base that is establishing itself
on the economic and social crisis that is attacking the country, and it is
not a coincidence that their main leaders demagogically raise issues like
high inflation, high scarcity levels of basic products of mass consumption,
the "lack of safety," and even up to low wages. This group from the MUD,
more extremist, is seeking the same neo-liberal, right-wing "solutions" as
the current hegemonic leadership of the MUD, but "without waiting for the
electoral calendar," rather "by way of taking the street until the regime
changes or Maduro leaves"; now it is necessary to work on "the solution,"
they state. For that reason, the content of the mobilizations they are
promoting is highly reactionary.

Working people and the poor can find nothing in these groups,
representatives of the economic groups, with a clearly pro-imperialist
position, that, if they had the possibility of becoming the government,
would take measures of economic and political solutions that would in no
way differ from the more right-wing governments of the continent, that
encourage coups d'état, like the most recent ones in Honduras or in
Paraguay.

*The economic crisis that Maduro's government inherited*

Undoubtedly, an economic and social crisis is being expressed through every
pore of the country. Thus, the majority of the official indicators of the
national economy, under a dismal outlook, that bring up a structural crisis
for discussion, reflect that. For its part, a government that only
expresses itself through improvisation and is subject to pressures from the
different political factors and interests of the powerful economic groups
and of business. Levels of accelerating inflation - in the month of January
alone, it was 3.3%, coming from closing 2013 at 56% - that show that the
different laws on control of prices seemed a failure; scarcity shows some
indices rising, reaching 28% for January, the highest in the last six
years; real wages are falling at the same rate as the constant devaluation
of the bolívar that the government insists on denying; over-indebtedness
(foreign and domestic) continues with a rising dynamic; the international
reserves have fallen some 50% in the last 5 years, a contraction of the
growth of gross domestic product that envisions a recessionary dynamic,
while the bleeding of the "people's dollars" continues through payments of
the foreign debt and the huge flight of capitals.

*The government applies an adjustment in dribs and drabs*

The devaluation measures that already, by themselves, are battering the
income of working people, are only the beginning of a series of adjustments
that, in the framework of seeking "economic stability," will squeeze the
people to the extent that it is increasingly oriented to corporate "needs."

The government did not resist the pressure from those who favored
devaluation, that comes both from its very own network, and from the
economic groups that say they will clash with its economic policies. The
business world criticizes - the price controls annoy them (although the
government seeks to calm them by stating that it is ready to make changes
in the law about prices, depending on the dialogue with the businessmen) -
but they are pleased with the new devaluations, and even with the
adjustments, since they continue urging the government to do the unpopular
work, and, in this way, they seek free access. The government goes on and
on in lavish explanations of the fact that its new law of costs and prices
allows a "maximum profit" of up to 30%, "calculated beginning with the cost
of production," to convince the capitalists that in this way, the firms and
the businesses are "profitable," but the bourgeoisie wants to earn without
limits, and they also want to be given dollars without limits! They are
demanding more concessions from the government, more freeing up of the
economy, of the dollar, and of the labor laws, and those who must pay for
it are none other than the workers, the poor people, the agricultural day
laborers and poor peasants.

The government then devalued the bolívar, agreed to exempt several groups
of "productive" businessmen from paying taxes (while working people are
paying the VAT); the payment of the foreign debt continues unscathed; the
government is discussing raising [the price of] gasoline and public
services, among other measures.

*López & Co. want to "call in a favor" in the MUD and turn the national
situation more to the right*

In this reality, this most right-wing group of the country's opposition is
establishing itself; a group, that, if we take the current correlation of
forces, is, at the moment, very far from being able to impose attempts at a
coup d'état, as the government alleges, not because they do not want that -
they are frothing at the mouth for the dismissal of Maduro - but because
they do not have the national ability for moves of such magnitude,
especially in the context of the strong division of the right wing. The
truth is that they are trying to set the pace for the agenda of the right
wing, to fight to be its leadership, by showing their muscles nationally
and putting stress on the political situation throughout the country. They
are moving in the context of a division of the opposition, a group that,
after setbacks in the elections, like that of the most recent municipal
elections nationally, decides to take its toll on the group led by Capriles
Radonski. It is not a coincidence that groups like Capriles Radonski
himself, among others, have gone out essentially to disavow the most
violent acts that have taken place, and he even hesitated for awhile,
before participating in the scheduled marches. It is not that Capriles was
transformed overnight into a grazing sheep - he belongs to the old
coup-plotting group, - but that he shows weakness in front of the
government, since, after the point of greatest standing and leadership
expressed in the presidential elections against Maduro, who recovered, the
government got a considerable difference of votes from him in the defeat
that it gave him in the past municipal elections, that Capriles wanted to
change into a plebiscite. But he also knows that it is about internal
disputes, in which, if Leopoldo López and Corina Machado manage to put
considerable forces on the street, his predominant role in the MUD can
plummet, in the full knowledge that he was the one closest to challenging
chavista rule in votes.

*The government wants to conceal the dissatisfaction and use the troubles
of the right wing to remove democratic rights*

But what is without doubt is that Maduro's government is using the
situation provoked by this right-wing group, by saying that it is about
coup attempts, since it is more than obvious that, in the middle of his
economic difficulties, he has taken the challenge that the right wing threw
at him, making the political situation even more tense and polarized, that
allows him to close ranks among his supporters and from the big groups of
chavismo in general, where the dissatisfaction with the government's
economic direction is beginning to be felt, both in groups of the chavista
left wing and of the people in general. Distracting and diverting the
tensions towards the interior of the movement of chavismo. This allows him
to take, for the moment, the center from the economic situation, and he
polarizes, by talking about coup attempts, knowing full well that the group
that is getting mobilized does not have the national strength for such a
thing.

But Maduro's government is also using the situation to limit the democratic
freedoms that, in the name of confronting the forces of the right wing, he
is reducing, restrictive measures that are and will be used with all the
force and weight of the law against the groups of the workers and people,
that fight more openly for their demands, and the anti-popular measures
(like the devaluation) or those of an economic adjustment, that seem to be
on the way. Already, a big framework, composed of a series of laws that we
have condemned and criticized from the LTS, has been in use, laws that even
enjoy the approval of the corporate sector, that restrict the right of
workers and the people to protest, the right to strike and the workers' and
people's right to demonstrate freely in the streets. We are already tired
of seeing this, no more recently than in a workers' struggle, there were
those sentenced to prison, for the simple offense of setting up a union, as
is the case with the workers of Civetchi - an enterprise of state and
private capital - or in the most recent apprehension of the oil workers'
leaders, like José Bodas and others in the refineries of Anzoátegui, for
the simple act of organizing a picket line among the workers.

It is necessary to develop the workers' and people's struggle, to stop a
more right-wing course of the national situation that the MUD and the
policies of Maduro's government are fighting for

Facing the country's current economic and political situation, we say
clearly that only the working class can provide a fundamental solution to
the disasters that the country is receiving. Neither from chavismo with
Maduro's government at the head, nor from the MUD in any of its variants,
do they represent a solution for the working people and the poor. It is
necessary that the working men and women turn their backs on it by
beginning to travel a road of class independence and of a workers' solution
to the crisis. Solely the workers, next to all the exploited, poor urban
groups and poor peasants, that are the ones who have everything to lose,
the only ones that can take a struggle of class and political independence
to the end. Only the workers' forces have more than 7 million wage-earners,
a considerable social force, facing a minority of parasites, and if we add
to that the other millions of the people's and peasants' masses, we are a
force of the greatest social weight in the country.

It is necessary to develop the workers' and people's struggle, to stop a
more right-wing course of the national situation, and the way to prevent
groups like this one from developing more strength and social weight, is by
setting up a class-conscious force of the workers with demands opposed to
those that these mobilizations are raising.

To begin to get it moving, it becomes esssential to unify all the struggles
underway, a big number of isolated struggles (several defeated for that
reason), and, without organization, both because of pressure and employers'
(private and government) repression and the action of the union
bureaucracies, from the protests for wages, against layoffs, and for those
of the collective agreements, as well as those that are advancing in
demands of greater spirit, by unifying the rank and file unions. But part
of this struggle is also fighting against the union bureaucracies, both
those allied with the government, that defend the government's measures to
the letter, and those allied with the corporate and right-wing opposition
that, taking advantage of the decline in the people's standard of living,
engage in demagogy, but with a clear aim of being a transmission belt of
the private businesses. Greater organization is needed, by calling workers'
regional meetings, starting now, with the dynamic of a big National Meeting
of struggle, with delegates elected in every factory, given mandates in
their assemblies and subject to recall, and open to all the working men and
women.

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*FT-CI*  |   ORGANIZACIONES INTEGRANTESThe Trotskyist Fraction - Fourth
International (FT-CI) consists of the *PTS* <http://www.pts.org.ar/> (Partido
de los Trabajadores Socialistas/ Socialist Workers Party), from Argentina,
the *LTS-CC* <http://www.ltscc.org.mx/> (Liga de Trabajadores por el
Socialismo - Contracorriente/ Workers League for Socialism - Against the
current), from México, the *LOR-CI* <http://www.lorci.org/> (Liga Obrera
Revolucionaria por la Cuarta Internacional/ Revolutionary Workers League -
Fourth International), from Bolivia, *LER-QI* <http://www.ler-qi.org/> (Liga
Estrategia Revolucionaria/ Revolutionary Strategy League - Fourth
International), from Brazil, *PTR-CcC* <http://www.ptr.cl/> (Partido de
Trabajadores Revolucionarios/ Revolutionary Workers Party), from Chile,
*LTS* <http://www.lts.org.ve/> (Liga de Trabajadores por el Socialismo/
Workers League for Socialism) from Venezuela,
*LRS*<http://lrscostarica.blogspot.com/> (Liga
de la Revolución Socialista/ Socialist Revolutionary League), from Costa
Rica, *CcC* <http://www.clasecontraclase.org/> (Clase Contra Clase/ Class
against Class), from the Spanish State, FT-CI supporters in
*Uruguay*<http://debatemilitante.blogspot.com/>
, *RIO Group* <http://www.klassegegenklasse.org/>, from Germany and FT-CI
militants in the *CCR/Plateforme Z du NPA* <http://www.ccr4.org/> (Nuveau
Parti Anticapitaliste)/ Platform Z NPA (New Anticapitalist Party) from
France.

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