[Marxism] Argentina: Declaration of the Left and Workers' Front (FIT) / Down with the devaluation and the adjustment plan!
Juan Andres Gallardo
juanagallardo at gmail.com
Fri Jan 31 11:19:28 MST 2014
Declaration of the Left and Workers' Front (FIT)31/01/2014
[image: Declaration of the Left and Workers' Front (FIT)]
AUTHORFRENTE DE IZQUIERDA Y DE LOS
GROUPPTS (PARTIDO DE LOS TRABAJADORES SOCIALISTAS/ SOCIALIST WORKERS
PARTY), FROM ARGENTINA<http://www.ft-ci.org/PTS-Partido-de-los-Trabajadores?lang=en>
*Declaration of the Left and Workers' Front (FIT)*
Down with the devaluation and the adjustment plan!
For an increase in wages and a plan of struggle!
For a workers' solution to the crisis!
The sudden devaluation of the currency prepared by the national government
is a hammer blow against the workers, both retired and active. It adds fuel
to the fire of an inflation that will eat away at the incomes of the poor.
The devaluation comes on top of excessive increases in fares and other
items like gasoline. And it is a reward to big business, since it aims at
destroying wages. The government's intention to make such an adjustment was
condemned by the FIT during the election campaign.
Prices, especially of basic foods, have already increased. The previously
announced "Progress" Plan [of minuscule financial assistance to
impoverished young people, amounting to less than 75 US dollars a month]
will do nothing to help young people who want to study and work. The
devaluation of the currency will increase the burden of the foreign debt on
the whole national state and all the provinces. Since the debts are tied to
the dollar, the workers and the people will end up paying. The rise in
interest rates will mean bankruptcy for the indebted workers and a
shrinking of credit and of the economy, with the consequent threat of
suspensions and layoffs. In addition, the government is 'remortgaging'
Argentina to international financial capital and embezzling the funds of
ANSES [the Department of Social Security, whose funds earmarked for
pensions the government is using to pay its debt]. The foreign currency
reserves will continue to fall to ensure the payment of the usurious
foreign debt, in accord with the demands of imperialism, the IMF and the
Club of Paris.
The devaluation will also increase the price of imported fuels, pushing up
the bills of the energy sector. The agreement with Chevron and other oil
monopolies established the dollarisation of fuel prices and a permanent
increase in home energy bills. The devaluation benefits the agricultural
and industrial monopolies that export, and financial speculators, but it
will accentuate all the imbalances in the national economy. Argentina's
international deficit will worsen, and the financial dependency of the
country on foreign and national capital will be accentuated.
Massa, Scioli, Cobos, Binner and Macri [the main politicians in opposition
to the government] welcomed the devaluation and the rise in interest rates,
and along with the big employers are demanding complete freedom for the
capital markets. Like the national government and the provincial governors,
they are banking on putting a ceiling on wage rises in the forthcoming
However, an even bigger nightmare haunts those who are imposing the
adjustment: fear of the workers' reaction. Facing the crisis, we workers
have the possibility of taking the initiative. All the partial struggles of
the recent months have been won by the workers. The union bureaucracy, on
the other hand, is preventing the mobilization of the unions for a general
increase of wages and pensions, and is also blocking the bringing forward
of the annual round of wage negotiations, with the result that wages will
be undermined by inflation.
For internal commissions, workplace delegates, and anti-bureaucratic and
militant unions, the current situation poses the task of organizing
assemblies and activists' meetings on the road to regroupment and national
coordination in order to approve programmatic resolutions and a plan of
action. This activity will demonstrate to the entire workers' movement that
the conditions for a fightback are being prepared, by demanding of the
unions and the union federations (the CGT and CTA) that they immediately
convene plenary sessions of delegates with a mandate to approve workplace
struggles and an overall plan of action. The FIT pledges to commit all its
forces in the workers' movement to this perspective.
Our demands are simple: a minimum monthly wage of 10,000 pesos;
index-linked rises in wages and pensions to cover inflation; pensions to be
82% of final salaries; prohibition of layoffs and suspensions; and
distribution of the hours of work without reducing wages. Down with
precarious employment: all contract workers to become permanent employees.
No increase in home energy or transport costs: open the books of all the
energy and transport companies. Renationalise the energy and transport
industries under workers' and users' control, without compensation to those
who looted them (Repsol, Edenor, Edesur, Cirigliano, Metrovías, and
others). Open the books of the food monopolies and the commercial cartels
in order to make the case for workers' control.
Alongside this we are calling for the non-payment of the usurious and
fraudulent foreign debt, the nationalization without compensation of the
banks, and the state monopoly of foreign trade.
The capitalists must pay for the crisis! For a workers' economic and
political plan! For rank-and-file congresses of workers to discuss a
programme and a plan of struggle in defence of workers' demands and against
*Left and Workers' Front*
PO (Partido Obrero) - PTS (Partido de los Trabajadores Socialistas) - IS
*January 28, 2014*
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