[Marxism] Graduate Students Seek to Build on Momentum for Unions

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Tue May 13 06:44:02 MDT 2014


Chronicle of Higher Education May 12, 2014
Graduate Students Seek to Build on Momentum for Unions
By Vimal Patel

Graduate students seeking to form unions at private colleges have gained 
new momentum from the recent success of their counterparts at New York 
University, which agreed to let the students vote on forming a 
collective-bargaining unit.

Spurred by the outcome of the NYU unionization effort, which resulted in 
a vote for a United Auto Workers affiliate on the campus, graduate 
students at Yale University are the latest to press for the right to 
form a bargaining unit. The Yale students say a union would ensure fair 
treatment of a class of employees with growing workloads who play an 
increasingly larger role in the university.

"There’s an understanding of the really powerful opening that the NYU 
example provides," said Aaron Greenberg, a Yale Ph.D. student in 
political science and chair of the Graduate Employees and Students 
Organization, a group pushing for a graduate-student union at Yale.

The United Auto Workers affiliate at NYU is in the process of 
negotiating a contract there.

"It’s the only example we have of a private university voluntarily and 
collaboratively agreeing to a free and fair process that would allow 
graduate teachers and researchers to decide on the union question," Mr. 
Greenberg said.

Advocates of unions are also encouraged by the prospect that the 
National Labor Relations Board may reconsider a key 2004 ruling 
involving Brown University that for the past decade has limited the 
ability of graduate students at private universities to organize.

The 2004 decision said graduate assistants are not employees because 
their relationship with the university is primarily educational. But in 
March, in a case involving a bid by Northwestern University football 
players to unionize, a regional office of the NLRB said scholarship 
athletes are employees, with the right to unionize. The College Athletes 
Players Association, in their argument to the full labor board in April, 
said the Brown case should be overruled. Experts say it appears likely 
that the labor board would eventually revisit that ruling.

At Yale, meanwhile, graduate students marched in the rain in April to 
deliver a petition that organizers say had 1,000 signatures—the same 
number that NYU students delivered to their administration last year—to 
Yale’s president, Peter Salovey. The students cited the NYU example and 
asked Yale to "develop a fair process for graduate employees to decide 
on union representation."

Mr. Greenberg expressed optimism about their efforts. Given the number 
of students who signed the petition, he said, he expects administrators 
to be willing to talk about a process, just as the NYU administration 
did with students there. He has not yet heard directly from Yale 
administrators.

Tom Conroy, a Yale spokesman, said Mr. Salovey was unavailable for an 
interview. "Yale University and the Graduate School have worked and will 
continue to work productively with faculty and students, including the 
Graduate Student Assembly, on the issues identified by the petition," 
said a statement provided by Mr. Conroy. "We are committed to the best 
possible academic outcomes for our students."

As of last fall, Yale had more than 2,600 registered Ph.D. students. 
Brian Dunican, a former chairman of the Graduate Student Assembly, said 
he suspects that the largest portion of them are undecided on the 
unionization question.

Stipends at Yale are competitive, ranging from $28,400 to $33,000 per 
year, he said, and students are unsure how unionizing would improve 
conditions.
A Resurgence?

Graduate students at public colleges, too, have sought to improve their 
working conditions through unionization. Public universities are subject 
to state labor laws, so the NLRB ruling does not apply to their graduate 
students.

Graduate assistants at the University of Connecticut formed a union last 
month, after the university’s Board of Trustees voted to remain neutral 
in the effort. Graduate students at the University of Kansas are 
exploring unionization out of concern that the university may cut 
graduate students’ work hours in response to the Affordable Care Act. 
The federal health-care law requires employers to provide coverage to 
employees who work at least 30 hours a week.

At private universities, the NYU agreement is fueling new interest in 
organizing, said Matt Canfield, who is in a Ph.D. program in 
anthropology at NYU and helped organize the collective-bargaining effort 
there. He said he had had conversations with graduate students at many 
private universities in the months following the NYU union vote.

"We’ll soon see the resurgence of a broader movement," Mr. Canfield 
said. "Graduate employees at private universities are trying to set the 
groundwork for organizing."

But he and others acknowledged the challenges that remain for advocates 
of unionization at private universities. The problems include opposition 
from administrations and the difficulty of organizing students who are 
very busy and who cycle out of the university every few years.

The deal between NYU and its graduate students came as the 
administration was under pressure, giving unionization efforts more 
momentum than they might enjoy elsewhere. The agreement was brokered as 
a case was pending before the NLRB. The Graduate Student Organizing 
Committee of the United Auto Workers was asking the labor board to 
reverse its 2004 Brown decision. The NYU deal ended that case.

Unionization advocates had also gathered support from politicians across 
New York City and the state following the university’s decision in 2005 
to no longer bargain with the union, in light of the Brown decision. Mr. 
Canfield said the committee increased its efforts in 2012 and had gained 
the support of more than 250 elected officials, including many City 
Council members and state legislators.

"From an organizing perspective, we were putting a lot of pressure on 
the administration," he said.

William B. Gould IV, a former chairman of the NLRB, said NYU had 
probably agreed to the deal because of "a combination of bad publicity 
and reading the tea leaves" that the labor board would overturn the 
Brown decision.

He said graduate students at private colleges should be hopeful about 
future unionization prospects because the board is interested in 
reconsidering the Brown decision.

Mr. Canfield and others said they were not aware of unionization efforts 
at private colleges that were as advanced as those at Yale, where 
graduate students have been seeking to organize for a long time. Mr. 
Greenberg’s group, GESO, was founded in 1991.

Elsewhere, graduate students at institutions including Cornell 
University and the University of Chicago have stepped up conversations 
about efforts to unionize.

Andrew Yale, a Ph.D. student in an English program at the University of 
Chicago, said he had looked forward to an NLRB ruling in the NYU case 
before the agreement was reached there. If the ruling had gone in favor 
of the graduate students, it would have created a path to unionize at 
other private colleges.

Mr. Yale is on the organizing committee of Graduate Students United, a 
group that wants a union that would be recognized by Chicago. It has 
advocated for issues like affordable on-campus child care and private 
spaces for nursing mothers. He said group members are "contemplating our 
options" following the NYU agreement.

That deal, he said, "provides a very promising model for advancing 
graduate-employee unionization at private universities."

- See more at: 
http://chronicle.com.ezproxy.cul.columbia.edu/article/Graduate-Students-Seek-to/146487/#sthash.c5Q2EUwZ.dpuf



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