[Marxism] National liberation and Bolshevism reexamined: A view from the borderlands

DW dwaltersmia at gmail.com
Tue May 20 10:34:16 MDT 2014


National liberation and Bolshevism reexamined: A view from the borderlands
May 20, 2014

*By Eric Blanc*. (*Eric Blanc is an activist and historian based in
Oakland, California.*) A view from the Czarist empire’s borderlands obliges
us to rethink many long-held assumptions about the revolutions of 1905 and
1917, as well as the development of Marxist approaches to national
liberation, peasant struggle, permanent revolution, and the emancipation of
women.

The following paper analyzes the socialist debates on the national question
up through 1914. I argue that an effective strategy of anti-colonial
Marxism was first put forward by the borderland socialists, not the
Bolsheviks. Lenin and his comrades lagged behind the non-Russian Marxists
on this crucial issue well into the Civil War—and this political weakness
helps explain the Bolshevik failure to build roots among dominated peoples.

Consequently, the Bolsheviks were either too numerically weak and/or
indifferent to national aspirations to successfully lead socialist
revolutions in the borderlands, facilitating the isolation of the Russian
workers’ government and the subsequent rise of Stalinism.


Full:
http://johnriddell.wordpress.com/2014/05/20/national-liberation-and-bolshevism-reexamined-a-view-from-the-borderlands/



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